Unit 6. Critical Thinking
Terms in this set (39)
_________ has been defined as, "the process by which the analyst improves the quality of their thinking by applying the scientific elements of reasoning and logic to gather, evaluate, and use information effectively."
This is a declarative statement that has yet to be established as true
This is an unconscious belief that conditions, governs, and compels our behavior
______ are able to repeat an action we have taken before without going through all the mental of the original act
_______ occurs when you attribute your intentions, actions, or reactions to another person or thing without considering their unique cultural background
_______ occurs when analysis is affected by the specific goal or preconceived ideas of an organization. Also could be common viewpoints amongst a small group of co-workers.
________ occurs when you let your personal experiences affect your analysis
__________ is an unconscious belief which influences the act of knowing or making a judgment call.
________ are patterns of expectations that influence one to think in certain ways. _____ are a consolidation of all of our biases, beliefs, and some knowledge about a particular subject
1) They are quick to form and highly resistant to change
2) New information is usually made to fir into an existing conceptual framework
3) An initial, incorrect perception (based on incomplete or ambiguous data) will persist even after better information becomes available
Key downfalls of mindsets:
________ is taking a position on an issue, gathering supporting evidence and defending that position against the arguments of those holding opposing views.
Stereotyping is a form of ________ by perceiving a similarity between events or things because of superficial features
______ is to calculate or think by forming a new statement based on statements already known or discovered, or to infer based on evidence.
1) Deductive Reasoning- concluding something is (necessarily) true based on general rule
2) Inductive Reasoning- concluding something is true through logical conclusions based on facts
3) Abductive Reasoning-concluding something is true by testing hypotheses with evidence
Three types of reasoning
concluding something is (necessarily) true based on general rule
concluding something is (probably) true through logical conclusions based on facts
concluding something is true by testing hypotheses with evidence
______ is a systematic application of reason to a particular branch of knowledge, study of reasoning
questions, perspective, purpose, assumptions, inference, evidence, concepts, and implications
eight elements of reasoning:
Three types of questions:
This type of question usually have one answer
This type of question have more than one answer involving the target's point of view
This type of question is answered by interpreting facts and observations
_______ is a mental point of view of a particular subject or its parts
______ is the goal in all reasoning.
________ are unstated reasons or theories, which are essential in arriving at a conclusion. They also bridge the gap between what is known and what is unknown in order to derive logical conclusions
________ is an intellectual act by which we conclude something is true based on something else being true, or seeming to be true
Speed is a ______ of intelligence analysis
________ are clusters of ideas that are the result of abstract thinking
________ are the logical relationship between two propositions in which, if the first is true the second is true
authoritative and credible
When conducting your search, seek out ______ and _______ sources
______ applies to each element of reasoning of reasoning in order to test hypotheses for truth and correctness. All sources and data must be evaluated for the possibility of technical error, misperception, and hostile efforts of deception.
_______ refers to how broad or narrow of a perspective the analyst may have when solving a problem
The goal is to get your point across clearly
_____ refers to how deep or shallow the analysis is. ______ involves comprehending the potential complexities of a problem.
________ in thought process and conclusion determines the level of detail within the hypothesis.
______ refers to how the evidence applies to both the original question and the hypothesis. The evidence should act as a bridge between the two to ensure the analyst is on the right track.
_________ weighs the relevance of the information as it applies to the decision maker's circumstances.
A primary goal in critical thinking is to maintain a high standard of objectivity, or ________, throughout the analysis process.