20 terms

Endocrine System - Glands and Hormones

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Hypothalamus
(1) synthesizes two hormones that it exports
to the posterior pituitary for storage and later release.

(2)regulates the hormonal output of the anterior pituitary via releasing and inhibiting hormones.
Posterior Pituitary
(1) Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH). It stimulates the kidney tubules to reabsorb and conserve water.

(2)Oxytocin hormone: milk ejection, uterine contraction, ending in birth.
Anti-Diuretic Hormone (ADH)
It stimulates the kidney tubules to reabsorb water.
Oxytocin hormone
Uterine contraction, ending in birth.
Anterior Pituitary
GH, TSH, PRL (Prolactin), ACTH, FSH, LH.
Growth Hormone (GH)
Target: Bone, muscle, fat
Growth of tissues
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
Target: Thyroid gland secretes T3 and T4 AND calcitonin
T3, T4 hormone
Regulate rate of metabolism
Calcitonin hormone
reduces calcium in blood
Prolactin (PRL) hormone
Target: Mammary gland - milk secretion
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Target: Adrenal Cortex gland
Adrenal Cortex gland
Cortisol hormone and aldosterone
Cortisol hormone
responds to stress and increase glucose in blood
Aldosterone hormone
Regulate water and salt
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Target: gonads
Testes- sperm production
Ovarian follicle - Ovum maturation
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Target : gonads
Testosterone and ovulation (estrogen and progesterone)
Insulin hormone
beta cell of pancreatic
Reduce glucose in blood
Glucagon hormone
alpha cell of pancreatic
Increase glucose in blood
Epinephrine/Non-epinephrine
Target: Adrenal medulla
Increase heart rate and increase blood pressure
Thymosin hormon
Thymus- essential for normal immune response
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