AVSC 3110 Aviation Security
Terms in this set (150)
What program now requires all flight students to show proof of citizenship in the United States and legal aliens to have their fingerprints taken and their names checked against known terrorist watch lists?
Alien Flight Training program
Overall, what amount of direct losses did the aviation industry experience as a result of 9-11?
$330 Million per day
The ability to travel and to transfer money, as noted by the 9-11 Commission, were the two abilities fundamental to the success of the terrorist attacks. These findings highlight the importance of which components of aviation security?
Immigration and customs inspections
Commercial service airports are required to meet a variety of standards related to airfield safety inspections, emergency response, wildlife management, and public protection. What are these set of standards called?
Title 14 CFR Part 139
Which act was signed by President Bush to prevent future intelligence failures?
Intelligence Reform and Terrorist Prevention Act of 2004
Which recommendation for addressing weaknesses in aviation security includes the implementation of inline EDS systems?
Examine human factors issues at screening checkpoints
The 9-11 attacks showed ingenuity and were organized using modern technologies to defeat what kind of aviation security system?
In an attempt to help mitigate the impact of security concerns on cost, which program was designed to accommodate frequent airline travelers with a personal identity system enabling rapid passage through airport screening?
Registered Traveler program
The 9-11 Commission focused on which of the following to recognize the limitation of passenger and baggage screening devices?
Ramzi Yousef "Bojoinka" bomb plot
Which of the following were fundamental failures in aviation security highlighted by the 9-11 Commission?
Failure of imagination
Failure of management
Failure of policy
Failure of capabilities
Which legislation mandates passenger and carry-on baggage screening, and came as a result of an increase in hijackings?
Anti-hijacking Act of 1974
Which of the following brought airports into the aviation security program in the U.S.?
Federal Aviation Regulation Part 107
The crash of TWA Flight 800 off Long Island, New York resulted in which of the following?
White House Commission on Safety and Security
Aviation Security and Anti-terrorism Act of 1996
Which legislation included more comprehensive regulations on personnel identification systems and airport access control systems?
Aviation Security Improvement Act of 1990
Which of the following came as a result of the high rate of hijackings during 1968 and 1973?
Use of metal detectors
Which major ICAO convention made hijacking a distinct offense and defined the unlawful seizure of an aircraft?
Which of the following were established in the Aviation Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1996?
Aiports must conduct vulnerability assessments
Computer-Assisted Passenger Prescreening System
A security consortium consisting of airport security and law enforcement personnel, FAA, FBI, and other airport stakeholders
Fingerprint-based criminal history record checks for all screeners and all airport and airline employees with access to secure areas are required
Which security principle was developed at the ICAO Convention in 1944?
Aircraft in distress
Which event highlights the importance of flight crews searching an aircraft before departure and ensuring that individuals who depart an aircraft take their belongings with them?
Manila Air Plots
Which element of ICAO's global aviation security strategy addresses the need to identify and assess global responses to new threats and take action to protect airports, aircraft, and air traffic control centers?
Aviation Security Plan of Action
Which of the following are areas of responsibility for Assistant Federal Security Directors?
Which method for changing aviation security regulations allows for input from industry before making a regulation statutory, providing opportunity for feedback to proposed rules?
Notice of proposed rulemaking
Which departments are headed by Assistant Federal Security Directors?
The amendment process does not prohibit airport or air carrier operators from increasing their own security measures in response to imminent threats.
Which of the following are strategies for proactively preventing a security breach when any off-airport security issue arises?
Increase surveillance of the airport perimeter
Keep appraised of current and developing threats
Where is the total number of law enforcement officers required at a particular commercial service airport stated?
Airport Security Program (ASP)
Which regulation requires commercial service airports to maintain either a law enforcement presence or the ability for law enforcement personnel to respond in the case of a security incident?
Title 49 CFR Parts 1542.215 and .217
Which method for changing aviation security regulations generally involves a permanent or temporary amendment?
Changing an airport or air carrier security program
Who can sometimes be of greater assistance to airport and aircraft operators than federal agencies because they have a more active interest in activities directly affecting the local community?
Local Law Enforcement
Which of the following are true of local law enforcement and aviation security?
The exact number of law enforcement officers needed is determined on a case-by-case basis at each airport
Airports with limited law enforcement officer requirements may only have a response time for them to arrive on scene instead of having them assigned to the airport
After 9-11, which of the following were private screening companies able to accomplish?
Fewer security breaches
Fewer customer service complaints
Effective use of part-time personnel
Which of the following were set in place by the European Union after 9-11?
General aviation security regulations
Air carrier catering and cleaning staff vetting
Checked baggage, cargo, and courier and express parcels screening
Staff recruitment and training
Which regulation sets in place the security policies for the European Union?
Regulation (EC) No. 2320/2002
Whose objective is to promote the continued development of safe, efficient, and sustainable European air transport system by standardizing civil aviation policies and practices among its member states?
European Civil Aviation Commission (ECAC)
Which of the following is true of private screeners in comparison to federal screeners?
Airport operators are reluctant to switch to private screeners
Airport operators could potentially see cost savings by switching to private screeners
What percent of Australia's international passenger movements are conducted by air?
How many government agencies make up the Department of Homeland Security?
What is the main barrier to airports switching to private screeners?
Who is ultimately in charge of deciding which screening contractor/company an airport will employ for screening?
What was the initial responsibility of the TSA?
What was lacking between the FAA and the U.S. military agencies throughout the entire 9-11 attack sequence?
The 9-11 Commission agreed that is it vital to sustain what type of security system?
Which act was signed by President Bush to prevent future intelligence failures?
Intelligence Reform and Terrorist Prevention Act of 2004
Hijackings constitute about what percent of air terror attacks?
Whose mission includes developing standards related to airport, airway, and air navigation facility development and to promote the safety of flight in international aviation?
Which legislation requires airport operators to have a consortium of aviation security and law enforcement professionals who meet regularly to share information and develop strategies to mitigate or prepare for possible incidents?
Aviation Safety and Security Act of 1996
The sharing of intelligence through the FBI's Joint Terrorism Task Forces is important to the overall security of the community and the airports and airlines that serve it.
The addition of new air carriers or access gates is an example of what type of security regulation change?
Changing an airport or air carrier security program
Which program that the TSA oversees provides firearms and self-defense training to pilots of commercial air carriers?
Training and certification of federal flight deck officers (FFDO)
Which important department within the Department of Homeland Security is responsible for developing and deploying domestic nuclear, fissile, or radiological detection systems and for detecting and reporting attempts to import or transport these materials for illicit use?
Domestic Nuclear Detection Office
Which of the following are true of the secured area?
Access must be controlled with an approved access control system
Signage must be posted warning of imminent entry into a secured area
The security identification display area and the air operations area were the two types of security areas recommended by who?
International Civil Aviation Organization
Which of the following make up the credentialing process?
Completion of a security threat assessment
Successful completion of a fingerprint-based criminal history check
Name checked against the no-fly and selectee lists
Aviation personnel operating within which security areas must undergo a criminal history record check and security threat assessment and must complete a training program?
Security identification display area
Which of the following are typically outlined in an Airport Security Program?
Various security measures applied in each security area
How the airport will meet the law enforcement officer requirements under the security regulations
Geographical boundaries of the security areas of the airport
How the airport will respond to contingencies and security incidents
How many levels of security programs have been established by the TSA?
Which of the following are commercial service airport classification categories?
Categories I, II, III, IV, X.
Which level of security program is required for small commercial service airports with infrequent or seasonal commercial service?
Partial security program
What regulation gives the TSA authority to inspect commercial service airports for regulatory compliance and to test or inspect an airport's security program?
Title 49 CFR Part 1542.5
Since 2012, clearinghouses must submit fingerprints and STA information to which entities?
Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Which type of aircraft operator security program is required for aircraft operators conducting cargo operations where the aircraft's maximum certificated takeoff weight exceeds 45,500 kilograms carrying cargo and authorized personnel but no passengers?
Which level of response for self-defense includes methods and procedures of talking to upset individuals as a way to calm them and move toward a peaceful resolution?
What is the standard document that describes how an aircraft operator must manage a security program to be approved for U.S. commercial aircraft operations?
Aircraft Operators Standard Security Program
Which of the following are methods for protecting airline personnel while traveling?
Travelers should stay on the most popular streets
Travelers should never leave bags unattended or accept or carry anything for another person
Which event brought to light the need for aircrew self-defense training?
Aircraft with a takeoff weight of over 45,500 kilograms with a passenger seating configuration exceeding sixty-one seats must adhere to which aircraft operator security program?
Private charter program
Which legislation outlined eight elements to be included in flight crew security training?
What percent of total theft occurs from vehicles and at airports?
Before 9-11, what did the Aircraft Operators Standard Security Program focus on?
Passenger and carryon baggage screening
Aircraft with a maximum gross takeoff weight that exceeds 12,500 pounds used in scheduled or chartered service, carrying passengers or cargo or both, must adhere to which aircraft operator security program?
What is the first step of screening after standing in the Queue line?
Walk-through metal detectors
What is the central factor of profiling?
The issue of employee screening is primarily concerned with the ability of an aviation employee with SIDA access to bypass routinely the majority of the aviation security processes.
Who represents a particular challenge to airport security as deliveries occur throughout the day and delivery personnel change frequently?
What is the first step in profiling?
Establish a baseline
What is the place where passengers await their turn for screening?
What is used when the X-ray operator notes a suspicious item within a bag?
Explosive trace detection equipment
What year were walk-through metal detectors installed at airports to detect whether an individual was carrying a gun or hand grenade?
What are the areas within the terminal where passengers wait after screening?
What is considered to be more effective than passively observing behaviors in profiling?
What method of checked baggage screening is best in specific circumstances such as random patrols in terminal or cargo areas or to search bags and aircraft?
In what year was the plan to implement three-dimensional view X-ray machines announced?
Which portion of the basic screening process includes analyzing of contents using conventional X-ray technology or explosive detection system technology?
Carry-on baggage screening
Which of the following should be considered for contingencies when building an inline baggage screening system?
Reduce the workload on the main systems
Have an extra inline conveyor/EDS as backup
In what way have most airline bombings been carried out?
Through items in checked baggage or cargo
According to the text, which of the following should be considered when designing a checked baggage EDS screening system?
Size of the airport
Integration with airline's existing baggage handling system
Number of enplanements
Which of the following are also used for checked baggage screening?
Explosive trace detection
What type of technology is usually used at the smallest level of checked bag screening?
Stand alone ETD
What is one of the most significant challenges to carry-on baggage screening, according to the text?
After which event did the United States implement its checked baggage-screening system?
After what date did the known shipper program change with TSA conducting security checks and logging all known shippers in a central database?
Which of the following was originally part of the 9-11 attack, but was rejected by bin Laden?
Placing an improvised explosive devise onboard all-cargo aircraft for the purpose of harming the economy
Since 2008, how many entities has the TSA processed through the Known Shipper Data Management System?
What program is based on the airline knowing the shipper through a course of business and being approved by a particular airline to ship cargo on that airline?
Known Shipper Program
In the 9-11 bill, what percent of air cargo on passenger-carrying aircraft is the TSA mandated to screen within three years?
Who is required by the TSA to have a TSA-approved security plan in place before shipping cargo via air?
Indirect air carrier (IAC)
Which of the following are methods of shipping cargo via air?
Onboard a passenger airline
On an all-cargo operator, such as FedEx, UPS, Airborne Express, or DHL Airways
According to the regulations of air cargo by the TSA, which secure airport area is to be extended to cargo operations areas?
Security identification display area (SIDA)
The 2006 TSA regulations have implemented methods to identify and screen high-risk cargo.
Who do passenger airlines contract with who act as transportation agents to companies or other entities desiring to ship cargo by air?
Which of the following allows operators of aircraft under 100,309 maximum takeoff weight to fly internationally without having to pass through a portal country?
Which airspace restriction category extends from the surface to 18,000 feet?
Air defense identification zone
What percent of flights does general aviation account for in the U.S.?
Which of the following are security recommendations for agricultural operators?
Immediately report stolen aircraft or chemical agents
Secure aircraft and chemical agents when not in use
Establish contact with local law enforcement agencies
Which regulation do GA aircraft operations fall under?
Title 49 CFR Part 1550
Which of the following are considered good security practices for flight school aircraft and airports?
Reporting suspicious activity to authorities immediately
Vigilance on the part of the flight instructor over their students
Using throttle, prop, and tie-down locks
Securing hangar doors
What is one of the more popular GA security programs that enlists the support of 550,000 GA pilots to watch for and report suspicious activities that might have security implications?
Airport Watch Program
In 2003, the TSA commissioned an aviation security advisory committee.
Which of the following are pilots required to have in their possession when operating an aircraft?
Government issued photo ID
What program was sent as security guidance to all flight schools after 9-11, and requires every flight student to prove their U.S. citizenship before beginning flight training?
Flight Training Candidate Checks Program
Which type of traveler tends to know the system, ask few questions, and carry little luggage?
In what year were two federal air marshals arrested for using their positions and access to smuggle cocaine?
Who, in particular, commits the most baggage and cargo thefts?
After which event did checked baggage increase by an average of 20% worldwide because of restrictions placed on items that could be carried onboard?
London liquid bomb plot
Who operates outside standard testing protocols and are used to identify vulnerabilities or provide feedback before criminal or terrorist activity?
According to the text, which of the following are common in terminal buildings?
Unattended baggage crimes
Which airport crime costs the airlines about $1.5 billion annually?
What is the third largest and fastest growing criminal industry in the world?
Which phase of the emergency management cycle includes monitoring new hazards and intelligence information?
Which phase of the emergency management cycle begins when an agency is notified of an emergency?
Which of the following should be present to deter armed assaults of an airport terminal building?
CCTV with two-way audio capability
A highly visible and heavily armed police presence
Emergency assistance buttons
What is the anti-hijack strategy practiced today?
According to the International Civil Aviation Organization standards, where should an aircraft be moved, if possible, in the case of a hijacking?
Isolated parking position
Under which legislation are airport operators required to have a consortium of aviation security and law enforcement professionals who meet regularly to share information and develop strategies to mitigate or prepare for possible incident?
Aviation Safety and Security Act of 1996
What guides the strategy for mitigating any bomb threat or suspected device onboard an aircraft?
Aircraft Operator Security Program
Who also receives intelligence information and develops and implements contingency plans?
Federal security director
Who manages security intelligence and intervention strategies?
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
According to Secretary of State Colin Powell, what is the most serious threat to aviation?
What type of attack is the most difficult to deter?
Attacks from within the aviation community
How many categories of chemical weapons are there?
Who manages screening checkpoints that are central to TSA objectives and that will serve to protect the traveling public by preventing any dangerous objects from being transported on aircraft?
Transportation Security Manager
Who is responsible for providing day-to-day operational direction for federal security at airports projected to have a small workforce, few checkpoints, and directly involved in the national interest?
Federal Security Director (FSD)
According to the website, which of the following are key skills of a Federal Security Director?
Ability to set priorities
Ability to express ideas and facts clearly
Ability to manage a diverse workforce
Ability to plan and organize
Who provides operating direction on analysis of productivity, effectiveness of strategy, and specific approaches used in implementing the airport security program?
Who is responsible for coordinating, implementing, and maintaining an effective program to communicate to stakeholders the TSA's policies, programs, and directives?
According to the website, which of the following are key skills of a AFSD for Regulatory Inspection?
Skill in written communication
Knowledge of compliance and enforcement aspects of aviation security
Knowledge of concepts, principles, and methods of aviation security programs
Skill in oral presentation
Who determines when enforcement action should be initiated and recommends the type of action and level of penalty?
Aviation regulatory inspector
Who is the principal advisor to the Federal Security Director on all matters concerning enforcement and compliance with security directives pertaining to airport and aviation security?
Assistant Federal Security Director (AFSD) for Regulatory Inspection
Who is responsible for assisting with coordinating the day-to-day operational activities related to screening functions at an assigned airport?
Scheduling operations officer
According to the website, which of the following are key skills of a Lead Transportation Security Officer?
Knowledge of theories, dynamics, and factors underlying the aviation screening process
Sufficient skill to operate technologies at checkpoints
Skill in communicating with public
Which of the following make up the general layout of an airport?
What is a central location from which command and control of a specific activity is conducted?
If an airport is at increased risk of explosive attacks, which of the following would be desirable for planners?
Blast analysis plan
Which airport area includes examples such as public and employee parking; terminal and public roadways; rental car and ground transportation operations; hotel facilities; and commercial and industrial developments?
What is the concept that includes a wide array of sensors, surveillance techniques, data analysis and communications capabilities and procedures to enhance the ability of airport security personnel to monitor and respond to a wide range of alarms?
From a security perspective, which airport area is generally divided into two zones?
Which airport area involved a complex and integrated system of pavements, lighting, commercial operations, flight instrumentation and navigational aids, ground and air traffic control facilities, and cargo operations?
Where are personnel offices best located?
Close to the primary activity of occupants
With consideration for visitors and public access
Who faces a challenge in modern terminal buildings to provide ease of personnel circulation?
When was the document "Security Guidelines for General Aviation Airports" issued?