Terms in this set (17)
What is the correct taxonomic name of the common chimpanzee?
Where do chimpanzees live?
They live in Equatorial Africa, mostly in the West, but extending into East and Central Africa.
How do chimpanzees walk?
Usually by knuckle-walking on four legs. However, they are able to walk bipedally, like humans.
What are the two types of chimpanzees?
Bonobo and Common
What are the differences between bonobos and common chimpanzees?
Bonobos are small and slender when compared to taller, stockier chimpanzees. Also bonobos have pink lips and black faces, while chimpanzees have brown lips and faces that change color as they age.
What do chimpanzees eat?
Chimpanzees are omnivores. They rely heavily on a wide variety fruit and leaves, but also eat insects, bark, eggs, nuts, and even hunt monkeys and other small animals for meat.
What is the social structure of chimpanzees?
Chimpanzee communities may range in size from 15 to 120 chimps of both sexes and all ages. They tend to have a fission-fusion group structure, in which small groups of individuals periodically come together and break apart. The makeup of these smaller groups changes frequently when parties meet, intermingle, and disperse in different combinations or when somebody decides to drop out.
How do chimpanzees rear their offspring?
Chimpanzees live in multi-male, multi-female communities, and the females may mate with multiple males. Thus, the males generally treat all offspring as if they were their own.
Can chimpanzees use tools?
Yes! Jane Goodall was the first researcher to discover that chimpanzees make and use tools when she observed a chimp strip a stem of its leaves and use the stem to "fish" for termites. Since that groundbreaking discovery, chimps all over Africa have been observed making and using tools in a wide variety of situations.
In what ways do chimpanzees use tools?
Besides fishing for termites, chimpanzees use rocks as hammers and anvils to pound open nuts, use leaves as napkins and sponges, use sticks to probe or break open beehives for honey, and manufacture spears to kill small mammals. Some chimp populations even have "tool kits", a collection of different tools used in sequence to access a particular food source.
How much of our DNA do we share in common with chimpanzees?
98.6%. Chimpanzees are our closest living relative because we share all but 1.4% of our DNA with them. Chimpanzees are more closely related to humans than to gorillas or orangutans.
How many chimpanzees exist in the wild?
Fifty years ago, there were over a million chimpanzees living in Africa. Today, chimpanzees are an endangered species, with as few as 170,000 left in the wild.
Are there differences between separate groups of chimpanzees in the wild?
Yes. Chimpanzees in the wild can have vastly different cultures. Groups of chimpanzees that live in different parts of Africa have unique behaviors, tools, and traditions that are passed down from generation to generation.
Do chimpanzees use medicine?
In their natural habitats, chimpanzees are known to use plants with medicinal value to self-medicate themselves when ill.
How much does a chimpanzee weigh at birth?
At birth, a chimpanzee weighs about four pounds and has a white tuft of fur on his/her rump.
When do chimpanzees reach adulthood?
In their natural habitat, chimpanzees nurse for 5 years. During this time, they learn what to eat and what to avoid by watching their mothers and other adult chimpanzees. Females reach reproductive age at 13, while males are not considered adults until they are 16 years old.
What is a chimpanzee's body temperature?
Chimpanzees' body temperature is the same as humans, at 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
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