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important events in american history
Important Events in American History
Terms in this set (86)
Event: Columbus first lands in America.
Significance: Begins sustained European contact.
Event: Founding of Jamestown, Va.
Significance: First permanent English colony.
Event: Pilgrims at Plymouth.
Significance: Beginning of permanent settlement of New England.
Event: French and Indian War
Significance: Britain ends French presence in the colonies.
Event: Revolutionary War
Significance: U.S. wins independence from Britain.
Event: Deceleration of Independence
Significance: America breaks with Britain.
Event: Articles of Confederation
Significance: First attempt at national government.
Event: U.S. Constitution signed
Significance: Federal government established.
Event: First textile mill in the United States
Significance: Industrial revolution comes to America.
Event: Louisiana Purchase
Significance: Doubles the size of the country.
Event: War of 1812 with Britain.
Significance: U.S. maintains independence.
Event: Nullification Crisis
Significance: South Carolina threatens to secede.
Event: Indian Removal - Trail of Tears
Significance: Eastern native nations (especially Cherokee) forced west.
Event: Telegraph invented
Significance: Long distance communication unites country.
Event: War with Mexico
Significance: U.S gains additional territory in the south west.
Event: Bessemer steel process developed
Significance: Allows development of railroads, skyscrapers, bridges.
Event: Civil War
Significance: The Union is preserved and slavery ends.
Event: First transcontinental railroad completed.
Significance: Faster travel coast to coast.
Event: Telephone invented
Significance: Long distance voice communication.
Event: End of Reconstruction.
Significance: South begins era of segregation.
Event: Electric light bulb
Significance: Inexpensive form of light for homes and businesses.
Event: American Federation of Labor formed
Significance: First effective group of labor unions; still active today as AFL-ClO.
Event: Battle of Wounded Knee
Significance: End of Indian wars in the West.
Event: Populist Party formed
Significance: Farmers unite against railroads and big businesses.
Event: Spanish-American war
Significance: U.S. gains an empire in the Caribbean and Philippines
Event: NAACP formed
Significance: African Americans organize to achieve equality.
Event: Great Migration of African Americans
Significance: Growth of African-American communities in Northern cities; racial tensions develop.
Event: Ford produces one auto every 2 hours
Significance: Mass production techniques make U.S. world industrial leader.
Event: Panama Canal completed
Significance: Travel between the Caribbean and the Pacific eased.
Event: World War I
Significance: European conflict challenges U.S. neutrality
Event: U.S. enters World War I
Significance: Tips the balance of power to the Allies; Central Powers defeated.
Event: League of Nations chartered
Significance: Agreement to settle differences without war.
Significance: Established shared popular culture across nation.
Event: First commercial radio station
Significance: Alcoholic beverages banned; flaunting of the law.
Event: Women get the right to vote
Significance: Women achieve political equality sought since 1848.
Event: Red Scare
Significance: Fear of communist take over of America.
Event: Immigration quotas set
Significance: Limits Southern and Eastern Europeans; no Asians.
Event: Scopes trial
Significance: Debate between religion and science over teaching evolution.
Event: Lindbergh flies solo across the Atlantic; first commercial air flights
Significance: Modern age of air travel begins.
Event: Stock market crashes
Significance: Great Depression begins.
Event: Major cities connected by paved roads
Significance: Increased travel by car with greater speed and convenience.
Event: New Deal begins.
Significance: Unprecedented expansion of the role of the federal government.
Event: Dust Bowl
Significance: Increased poverty; large numbers migrate to California.
Event: Hitler invades Poland
Significance: World War II begins.
Dec. 7, 1941
Event: Japanese attack Pearl Harbor
Significance: U.S. enters World War II.
Event: U.S. involvement in World War II
Significance: U.S. becomes a world power.
Event: Internment of Japanese Americans begins.
Significance: Violation of civil rights.
Event: Battle of Midway
Significance: Japanese fleet decimated; U.S. begins island hopping
June 6, 1944
Significance: Allies invade Normandy; begin liberation of Europe.
Aug. 6 and 9, 1945
Event: Atomic bombs devastate Japan
Significance: Ends World War II; begins nuclear age.
Event: Korean War
Significance: Desire to contain Communism ends in stalemate.
Significance: Fear of Communism leads to civil rights violations.
Event: TV becomes popular
Significance: Shared popular culture expands; Americans now watch about four hours each day.
Event: UNIVAC first computer sold commercially
Significance: Computer revolution begins, resulting in widespread personal computer and Internet use.
Event: American involvement in Vietnam
Significance: Longest war in American history divides the nation.
Event: Brown Vs. Board of Education
Significance: Supreme Court mandates school desegregation.
Event: Polio vaccine introduced
Significance: Elimination of deadly childhood disease within 20 years
Dec. 1955- Dec. 1956
Event: Montgomery bus boycott
Significance: First nonviolent civil rights protest.
Event: USSR launches Sputnik I satellite
Significance: Space race begins.
Event: Little Rock ( Arkansas) Nine
Significance: Fight for school desegregation begins.
Event: Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba
Significance: Failed attempt by U.S. to overthrow Castro.
Event: Cuban missile crisis.
Significance: U.S. and USSR come to brink of nuclear war.
Event: March on Washington; King's " I Have a Dream" speech
Significance: Leads to Civil Rights Act of 19654
Nov. 22, 1963
Event: President Kennedy assassinated
Significance: Tragedy unites the country in grief.
Event: Tonkin Gulf Resolution
Significance: Begins undeclared war in Vietnam.
Event: Johnson launches Great Society
Significance: War on poverty; support for civil rights.
Event: National Organization for Women founded
Significance: Women unite to achieve equality.
Event: Race riots in major cities
Significance:Civil rights movement turns violent.
Event: Tet offensive
Significance: Causes moderates to turn against the war in Vietnam.
Event: Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy assassinated
Significance: Sparks national rioting and protest/
Event: Neil Armstrong walks on the moon
Significance: America wins the space race with USSR
April 22, 1970
Event: First Earth Day.
Significance: Signals growing interest in environmentalism.
Event: Student protesters killed at Kent State
Significance: Deepens division over the war.
Event: Congress passes the Equal Rights Amendment
Significance: Gender equality; not ratified.
Event: President Nixon visits China
Significance: Opens relations closed since 1949.
Event: U.S troops withdraw from Vietnam
Significance: War is turned over to the Vietnamese.
Event: Beginning of energy crisis
Significance: America's over dependence on Middle Eastern oil.
Event: Watergate scandal; President Nixon resigns
Significance: Diminishes faith in government.
Event: Fall of Saigon
Significance: Communist rule Vietnam; war spreads throughout South East Asia.
Nov. 1979- Jan. 1981
Event: Iran holds 52 Americans hostage
Significance: Conflict over the shah.
Event: Sandra Day O'Connor appointed to Supreme Court
Significance: First woman justice.
Event: Fall of the Berlin Wall; break up of the Soviet Union
Significance: Cold War ends.
Event: Persian Gulf War
Significance: U.S. supports Kuwait; protects its oil supplies
Dec. 1998- Jan. 1999
Event: President Clinton's impeachment trial
Significance: Remains in office.
September 11, 2001
Event: Terrorist attack World Trade Center and Pentagon
Significance: U.S begins war on terrorism.
Event: U.S. invades Iraq
Significance: Fear of weapons of mass destruction and terrorism; brutal dictator removed.
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