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16 terms

People of WWII

DJHS people to know WWII
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Josef Stalin
Communist leader of USSR (Allied)

Was general secretary of the Communist party, became the leader and dictator of Russia after Lenin's death. He brought Russia out of recession and made Russia the second leading industrial superpower during the Second World War Followed Lenin, pragmatist, socialism in one country, forced rapid industrialization, Great Purges, collectivization. 1927-1953
Benito Mussolini
fascist leader of Italy (Axis)

Head of the Italian Fascist party, was known as El Duce and was leader of Italy, the first Fascist regime, during World War II.
Hideki Tojo
military leader of Japan (Axis)

This general was premier of Japan during World War II while this man was dictator of the country. He gave his approval for the attack on Pearl Harbor and played a major role in Japan's military decisions until he resigned in 1944
Adolf Hitler
Nazi leader of Germany (Axis),

Austrian born Dictator of Germany, implement Fascism and caused WWII and Holocoust.
Heinrich Himmler
head of German SS (Axis),

German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945).
Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Propaganda Minister (Axis),

Was head of Nazi propaganda and was instrumental in building hatred of the Jews. He attempted to flee Germany at the end of WWII, but committed suicide when captured by Allied forces.
Reinhard Heydrich
led the Einsatzgruppen and put in charge of the
Final Solution (Axis)
FDR
US President throughout the majority of the war (Allied),
President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
Harry Truman
became President after FDR's death, led the US through the
completion of the war (Allied)
gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister through most of the war (Allied),

1874 to 1965;
rallied the British with his speeches, infectious confidence, and bulldog determination; known for his "iron curtain" speech; led the British during World War II; agreed Hitler should be conquered; was thrown out by his own people.
Charles de Gaulle
political and military leader of France (Allied),
Head of the French government in exile in England
Hirohito
emperor of Japan (Axis),
Renounced his divinity and became a constitutional monarch after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II (1901-1989)
Erwin Rommel
Hitler's greatest general, "Desert Fox" (Axis),
May 1942
British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
Douglas MacArthur
US General that led US troops in the Pacific (Allied),

He was forced to surrender the Philippines in 1941 and was thereafter obsessed with its recapture, which he accomplished in 1944. He later commanded the American occupation of Japan and United Nations troops in the Korean War.
Dwight Eisenhower
US General that led all Allied troops at D-Day (Allied)
Supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
Bernard Montgomery
British general, defeated Rommel in Africa (Allied)

Often referred to as "Monty", was an Anglo-Irish British Army officer. He successfully commanded Allied forces at the Battle of El Alamein, a major turning point in the Western Desert Campaign during World War II, and troops under his command were partially responsible for the expulsion of Axis forces from North Africa