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Terms in this set (189)
A markup language. It defines what will be displayed on your browser and how it will be displayed.
A software program for designing web pages, essentially a more fully featured HTML web and programming editor. The program provides a what-you-see-is-what-you-get (WYSIWYG) interface for users to create and edit web pages in a more user-friendly environment.
An individual component of an HTML document or web page, once this has been parsed into the Document Object Model. HTML is composed of a tree of HTML nodes, such as text nodes. Each node can have HTML attributes specified.
A reference to data that the reader can directly follow either by clicking, tapping, or hovering. It points to a whole document or to a specific element within a document.
The hidden keywords within a web page that define how your web browser must format and display the content. Most of these must have two parts, an opening and a closing part.
A tag that defines a paragraph. Browsers automatically add some space (margin) before and after each of these elements. The margins can be modified with CSS (with the margin properties).
The anchor tag is how you would place a link using HTML. If the end user clicks on the text in a anchor reference, they would be directed to the place that the reference has specified.
This tag could be either a hyperlink or an anchor. In HTML5, the <a> tag is always a hyperlink, but if it has no href attribute, it is only a placeholder for a hyperlink. HTML5 has some new attributes, and some HTML 4.01 attributes are no longer supported.
A modifier of an HTML element type. It either modifies the default functionality of an element type or provides functionality to certain element types unable to function correctly without them.
A "mostly useless, but required" header only to trigger "standards mode markup language (SGML)" in common browsers.
A tag that defines the document's content. This element contains all the contents of an HTML document, such as text, hyperlinks, images, tables, lists, etc.
This element is a container for metadata (data about data) and is placed between the <html> tag and the <body> tag.
A programming language used to make web pages interactive. It runs on your visitor's computer and doesn't require constant downloads from your website.
Several HTML element constructs (<table>, <tr>, <th> and <td>) that allow web authors to arrange data like text, images, links, other tables that are displayed on a web page.
An HTML Comment tag.
This element provides general information (metadata) about the document, including its title and links to its scripts and style sheets. ...
This tag is required in all HTML documents and it defines the title of the document, which appears in the browser's toolbar.
This tag defines an image in an HTML page. It has two required attributes: src and alt.
A raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression. These files were created as an improved, non-patented replacement for Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), and is the most widely used lossless image compression format on the Internet.
These type of files have 2 sub-formats, Exif (often used in digital cameras and photographic equipment), and JFIF (often used on the World Wide Web).
An often animated raster graphics file and is the second most common image format used on the World Wide Web after JPEG. GIF uses the LZW compression algorithm and is owned by Unisys.
These files can be saved in a variety of color formats and in various forms of compression. These files use lossless compression to maintain image integrity and clarity and are often used for professional photography.
This element is used to represent an item in a list. It must be contained in a parent element: an ordered list ( <ol> ), an unordered list ( <ul> ), or a menu ( <menu> ).
This tag defines an ordered list. An ordered list can be numerical or alphabetical.
This tag defines an unordered (bulleted) list.
This <style> tag is used to define style information for an HTML document. Inside the <style> element you specify how HTML elements should render in a browser. Each HTML document can contain multiple <style> tags.
A basic unit of programmable color on a computer display or in a computer image. It is to be thought of it as a logical - rather than a physical - unit. The physical size of this unit depends on how you've set the resolution for the display screen.
This feature describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on screen, paper, or in other media. By using this feature, it saves a lot of work. It can control the layout of multiple web pages all at once.
A stricter version of HTML.It is defined as an XML application and is supported by all major browsers.
A file that contains only CSS code and is saved with a ".css" file extension. This CSS file is then referenced in your HTML using the <link> instead of <style>.
This tag defines a link between a document and an external resource. It is often used to bring external style sheets into a current HTML document.
A placeholder in a HTML document.
Order of Application
An element, commonly a div, that encloses one or more other. It is used to hold a design within certain boundaries.
By using this property, a Web developer can write more concise and often more readable style sheets, saving time and energy. ... An example can be demonstrated through the CSS background property, that's able to define the value of background-color , background-image , background-repeat , and background-position .
Elements that always expand to fit the width of their container, but will only expand vertically to accommodate their content, force newlines before and after and accept width, height, margins, padding, and border.
Examples: <p>, <div>, <li>
Elements that wrap tightly around their content both horizontally and vertically, flow like text (do not create line breaks), accept left and right margins, but not top or bottom, and that accept any border or padding while Ignoring set widths and heights.
Examples: <a>, <span>
A container unit that encapsulates other page elements and divides the HTML document into sections. Web developers use it to group together HTML elements and apply CSS styles to many elements at once.
An inline element that is mostly used for styling by using an id or class. Very similar to the <div tag.
HTML elements that have a specific meaning. For example <h1>. It tells google bots that the content within the tag is the most significant header contained in the HTML document. <div> on the other hand, is a non-semantic element as it only indicates a division in the HTML document and provide no information on what goes before, after or within the tag.
This tag defines areas in a document, such as chapters, headers, footers, or any other areas of the document. whereas: The <div> tag defines a division or this tag in an HTML document. The <div> tag is used to group block-elements to format them with CSS.
This element represents a section of a page that consists of content that is tangentially related to the content around this element, and which could be considered separate from that content. Such sections are often represented as sidebars in printed typography.
A tag that defines a set of navigation links. Notice that NOT all links of a document should be inside of this element. It is intended only for major block of navigation links.
An element that represents a container for introductory content or a set of navigational links. This element typically contains: one or more subcomponent elements (<h1> - <h6>) logo or icon.
A tag that defines the bottom section of a document or section. This element should contain information about its containing element.
An element that represents a self-contained composition in a document, page, application, or site, which is intended to be independently distributable or reusable (e.g., in syndication). Examples include: a forum post, a magazine or a blog entry.
A tag that provides metadata about the HTML document. This data will not be displayed on the page, but will be machine parsable. These elements are typically used to specify page description, keywords, author of the document, last modified, and other metadata.
A CSS property that specifies that an element should be placed along the left or right side of its container, where text and inline elements will wrap around it. Then the element is taken from the normal flow of the web page, though still remaining a part of the flow, contrary to absolute positioning.
An attribute that sets the alignment of a rule. This element is only useful if you also use WIDTH . <HR WIDTH="40%" ...
Client Side Scripting
The environment used to run scripts is usually a browser. The processing takes place on the end users computer. The source code is transferred from the web server to the users computer over the internet and run directly in the browser. The scripting language needs to be enabled on the user's computer.
Server Side Scripting
A technique used in web development which involves employing scripts on a web server which produce a response customized for each user's (client's) request to the website. ... It is often used to provide a customized interface for the user.
A scripting language, and can be used to create web pages written in HTML. It runs on the server.
A HTML page that includes one or more scripts (small embedded programs) that are processed on a Microsoft Web server before the page is sent to the user.
A programming instrument that allows a user to enter data that is sent to a server for processing.
Text with hyperlinks.
The text that is linked from.
This is data about the HTML document. It is not displayed. It typically defines the document title, character set, styles, links, scripts, and other meta information.
A term that is short for MIME HTML, is a web page archive format used to combine in a single document the HTML code and its companion resources that are otherwise represented by external links (such as images, Flash animations, Java applets, and audio files).
A standard for how to specify a document markup language or tag set. Such a specification is itself a document type definition (DTD). It is not in itself a document language, but a description of how to specify one. It is metadata.
A set of markup declarations that define a document type for an SGML-family markup language (SGML, XML, HTML). These declarations defines the legal building blocks of an XML document. It defines the document structure with a list of legal elements and attributes.
Mark Up Language
A language that is designed for the processing, definition and presentation of text. This language specifies code for formatting, both the layout and style, within a text file. The code used to specify the formatting are called tags.
An attribute that specifies an alternative text for an image, when the image cannot be displayed.
An attribute that Specifies that an input element should be disabled.
An attribute that Specifies the URL (web address) for an image.
A tag that defines a thematic break in an HTML page, and is most often displayed as a horizontal rule.
This element is used to separate content (or define a change) in an HTML page.
An HTML line break
An HTML element that defines preformatted text.
The text inside of this is displayed in a fixed-width font (usually Courier), and it preserves both spaces and line breaks.
The left angle, right angle symbols (or the greater than and less than designates) that precede a tag or tag ending.
An HTML formatting element of bold. text
An HTML formatting element for emphasized text.
An HTML formatting element for italics text.
An HTML formatting element for smaller text.
An HTML formatting element for important text.
An HTML formatting element for subscripted text.
An HTML formatting element for superscripted text.
An HTML formatting element for inserted text.
An HTML formatting element for deleted text.
>An HTML formatting element for highlighted text.
An HTML formatting element for quoted text.
An HTML formatting element for text that is quoted from another source.
An HTML formatting element for an acronym or abbreviation.
An HTML formatting element for b-directional override.
An HTML formatting element for the title of a work.
An HTML formatting element for contact information for the author/owner of a document.
An additive color model in which red, green and blue light are added together in various ways to reproduce a broad array of colors. The name of the model comes from the initials of the three additive primary colors.
Colors that cannot be mixed from other colors. They are the source of all other colors. Red, Blue and Yellow.
Colors that are mixed from two primary colors adjacent to each other on the color wheel. These colors are Orange, Green and Violet.
Pairs of colors which, when combined, cancel each other out. When placed next to each other, they create the strongest contrast for those particular two colors. Modern color theory uses either the RGB additive color model or the CMY subtractive color model, and in these, the complementary pairs are red-cyan, green-magenta, and blue-yellow. Opponent process theory suggests that the most contrasting color pairs are red-green, and blue-yellow.
Uses the <style> element in the <head> section
An HTML formatting element offering an explanation for a picture or illustration.
An HTML formatting element that specifies a group of one or more columns in a table for formatting.
An HTML formatting element that specifies column properties for each column within a <colgroup> element
An HTML formatting element that groups the header content in a table.
An HTML formatting element that groups the body content in a table.
An HTML formatting element that groups the footer content in a table.
A CSS property, which is a shorthand property, that sets values for three different list-related properties in one declaration.
An HTML formatting element that defines a description list.
An HTML formatting element that defines a term in a description list
An HTML formatting element that defines the term in a description list.
A CSS property that allows for the creation of a grid of boxes that fills the browser width and wraps nicely (when the browser is resized).
This CSS item selects elements with a specific class attribute.
To select elements with a specific class, write a period (.) character, followed by the name of the class.
You can also specify that only specific HTML elements should be affected by a class. To do this, start with the element name, then write the period (.) character, followed by the name of the class
A class of data compression algorithms that allows the original data to be perfectly reconstructed from the compressed data.
A class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content. These techniques are used to reduce data size for storage, handling, and transmitting content.
An element that has an opening and closing tag.
A tag that is self closing.
A combination of keywords and symbols that the browser can identify and use to make sense of the content.
The subject of a self closing tag.
A tag that is within the structure of another tag, creating a parent-child relationship.
An element that contains other elements.
An element that is directly contained by another element.
Elements that share the same parent.
An element that contains other elements in this manner: parent, grandparent, great-grandparent, and so on.
A feature of HTML that adds additional information about HTML elements.
Elements that are typically used to specify page description, keywords, author of the document, last modified, and other information that can be used for providing data about data.
A W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) standard. This feature defines a standard for accessing documents. It is a platform and language-neutral interface that allows programs and scripts to dynamically access and update the content, structure, and style of a document.
Allows you to both see your changes immediately and save those changes to disk.
This CSS convention is essentially a box that wraps around every HTML element. It consists of: margins, borders, padding, and the actual content.
A Chrome Developer Tool that allows for you to view what file is being loaded (including file type and size).
A Chrome Developer Tool that allows for you to view loading time for each resource.
A Chrome Developer Tool that allows for you to view what scripts are being loaded and their source.
A Chrome Developer Tool that allows for you to view all loaded resources, such as application cache, cookies, etc.
A Chrome Developer Tool that allows for you to analyze a page's performance, such as "Network Utilization" and "Web Page Performance".
h1 - h6
You use these tags when authoring headers, with h1 being the largest and h6 the smallest.
You use this tag to give importance to text (bold).
You use this tag to render text as italics.
You use this tag to create a horizontal line to divide content.
A semantic tag that has self-contained content, e.g. blog posts, news articles, post comments.
Content that is related, but secondary to page content.
Additional information that the user can view or hide, e.g. summaries, copyrights, bylines.
A visible heading for a details element.
A self-contained visual content, e.g. illustrations, diagrams, photos, code listings, etc.
The caption for a figure element.
A section of a document, e.g. chapters, headers, footers.
Defines a date/time that is human-readable.
This tag is used when quoting content from another source.
An element that contains input controls to submit data to the server.
An element used to group controls and elements within a form.
Adds a caption to a parent fieldset element.
An element that provides a caption for an input field.
An element that declares an input control responsible for data collection.
A tag that specifies the text that will display should the image not load
A container for vector-based graphics. These can be referenced as the source for image elements, but can also be embedded directly into the HTML document.
These elements are used to define audio streams or other audio content. This element is one of only a few that allow for single word attributes.
These elements specify a video stream or video clip.
In a video element this specifies an image file that should display while the video is buffering (this isn't really required, but is highly recommended).
These tags are used to display tabular data (like a spreadsheet). This element also has access to certain attributes for rendering, such as color, align, border, etc.
An element that specifies the type of document being authored.
A wrapper for all the content in the HTML document. Everything except the doctype should be placed between the opening and closing tag of this element.
This is the first child element of the html element. The head tag contains meta data that the browser uses to interpret the document. For instance, metadata might include details about which character set the document is using; it might include details about how the page should be scaled for mobile devices, or a brief description about the purpose of the website, etc.
This is the only sibling of the head element. The body contains all of the content that will be rendered to screen. Navigation, articles, links, text, images, videos, audio, tables, forms, etc. are all contained in the body.
Visual representations of what the final site/application should look like.
Developing the html structure starting at the most important and moving higher in the hierarchy from there.
Developing the html structure from the body and developing the semantic html as children.
Developing a visual guide that depicts the general layout and structure of a website.
A short quote.
HSL (Hue, Saturation, Lightness)
One of the two most common cylindrical-coordinate representations of points in an RGB color model. The two representations rearrange the geometry of RGB in an attempt to be more intuitive and perceptually relevant than the cartesian (cube) representation. The other one is HSV.
Color of Light
A theory developed by Sir Isaac Newton that states that all colors are mixtures of Red, Green, and Blue light (RGB).
Red, Green, and Blue
Primary Colors (Print)
Cyan, Magenta, and Yellow
Primary Colors (Paint)
Red, Yellow, and Blue
Secondary Colors (theory of light)
Colors are made by mixing two primary colors in a color system.
Colors are made by mixing two secondary colors in a color system.
Colors that are created by combining colors from opposite sides of the color wheel.
This color scheme uses colors on both sides of the opposite hue.
Shows source code.
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