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101 terms

CST Visual Arts

Study set is intended to prepare people for the CST in Visual Arts
STUDY
PLAY
picasso demoiselles d'avignon
-Cubism
-Under rendered
-Bodies have ambiguous planes which suggest multiple views
-Foreground still life
--Homage to Cezanne
--Outlined shapes
Nighthawks
Edward Hopper. As is often the case with his works, Hopper uses a realistic approach (including such details as the fluorescent light of the diner, the coffee pots, and the Phillies cigar sign atop the diner) to convey a sense of a loneliness and isolation, even going so far as to depict the corner store without a door connecting to the larger world. Hopper's wife Jo served as the model for the woman at the bar.
Dali Persistence of Memory
Spanish, Veristic Surrealism, Freudian theory, subconscious images, style: "hand done color
photography," influence of collage juxtaposition of images
John Constable the Haywain
ROMANTICISM
romanticism
19th century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason
Archaic Period
the period of Greek art from 900 to 500 BC. It was the earliest period of great vase painting and the beginning of monumental stone sculpture
NeoClassicism
A style of art and architecture that emerged in the later 18th century. Part of a general revival of interest in classical cultures, Neoclassicism was characterized by the utilization of themes and styles from ancient Greece and Rome. "Cupid and Psyche"
Alla prima
wet on wet painting technique
Caravaggio
This Baroque artist used chiaroscuro so extensively that his name is used to describe extremes of dark and light.
Porcelain
a ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures.
Grog
hard-fired clay that has been pulverized into tiny particles and then added into wet clay to help reduce shrinkage and warping.
Slip Casting
process of forming clay objects by pouring clay slip into plaster molders
expressionism
an early twentieth-century art movement that emphasized the artist's personal, subjective expression of inner experiences
dadaism
An artistic movement that had a purposely nonsensical name, expressing its total rejection of previous modern art.
duchamp
French artist who immigrated to the United States
frescos
paintings done on wet plaster walls
minoan art
The pre-Greek art of Crete, named after the legendary King Minos of Knossos.
aboriginal art
not realistic landscapes, very stylized paintings of animals and spirits, austrailian, colorful, dots
matte
the property of having little or no contrast
gloss
the property of being smooth and shiny
byzantine art
styles of painting, design, and architecture developed from the fifth century C.E. in the Byzantine Empire of ancient Eastern Europe. Characterized in architecture by round arches, large domes, and extensive use of mosaic; characterized in painting by formal design, frontal and stylized figures, and rich use of color, especially gold, in generally religious subject matter
egyptian art
-Main were hieroglyphics and architcture.
-Most notable architecture made in old kingdom.
- Pyramids at Giza(used to be covered in limestone)
-Sphinx- 1 of the largest monoliths.
-Mastaba of Zoser- Step pyramid dedicated to zoser, 6 levels 200ft. high.
-Seated Scribe-- limestone of scribe-2500 BC
-Temple at Karnac- built during middle kingdom for god amun
- Rosetta Stone- 3 diff languages(Eygptian, demotic, and greek)
diety
god or goddess
realism
artistic representation that aims for visual accuracy
complimentary color
colors that appear opposite on the color wheel
monochromatic
having or appearing to have only one color
juxtapose
to place side by side, especially for comparison or contrast
clay
water soaked soil
feldspar
minerals that are the main component of most rocks on the earth's surface. Found in stoneware
sillica
A material found in magma that is formed from the elements of oxygen and sillicon. Found in stoneware clay and porcelain
mullite
Clay material formed by high temperature aluminosilicates (stoneware)
image sensor
The component in a camera that turns light into electrical charges that become the image on the screen.
lithography
a printmaking method in which the image to be printed is drawn on a limestone, zinc, or aluminum surface with a special greasy crayon
emulsion
a light-sensitive coating on paper or film
intaglio
a printing process that uses an etched or engraved plate
drypoint
An intaglio printmaking technique in which the design is scratched directly into a metal plate with a sharp, pointed, tool that is held like a pen.
monoprint
a print pulled from an etching, woodblock or collagraph plate that has been altered, making it unique.
etching
making engraved or etched plates and printing designs from them
aquatint
a method of etching that imitates the broad washes of a water color
shade
adding black to a color
tint
created when white is added to a color
hue
the quality of a color as determined by its dominant wavelength
silverpoint
A stylus made of silver, used in drawing in the 14th and 15th centuries because of the fine line it produced and the sharp point it maintained.
flint
a very hard stone that produces a spark (not in stoneware)
entopic graphomania
in which dots are made at the sites of impurities in a blank sheet of paper, and lines are then made between the dots
graphite
black carbon used for drawing or writing
prism
a polyhedron with two congruent and parallel faces (the bases) and whose lateral faces are parallelograms
gouche
Opaque watercolor
pigment
dry coloring matter (especially an insoluble powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc)
Rococo
very highly ornamented; relating to an 18th century artistic style of elaborate ornamentation
Baroque
elaborate an extensive ornamentation in decorative art and architecture that flourished in Europe in the 17th century
post impressionism
1885-1920.This is a handy title for what wasn't a movement, but a group of artists (Cézanne, Van Gogh, Seurat and Gauguin, primarily) who moved past Impressionism and on to other, separate endeavors. They kept the light and color Impressionism bought, but tried to put some of the other elements of art - form and line, for example - back in art.
pointilism
Painter Georges Seurat developed the painting technique using small dots of color called ___________.
kinetic art
- art, as sculptural constructions,
having movable parts activated by motor, wind, hand pressure, or other direct means.
op art
A twentieth century art movement and style in which artists sought to create an impression of movement on the picture surface by means of optical illusion.
fauvism
an art movement launched in 1905 whose work was characterized by bright and non-natural colors and simple forms
faux
false; artificial
Art noveau
French for "new art," this ne international style of art was popular at the beginning of the 20th century. This style incorporated flowing and dynamic curvatures in painting, architecture, and sculpture. This style was influenced by art from foreign lands, such as Japan, as well as previous art styles in Europe, such as the Rococo style.
mannerists
16th C. Exagerations: floating angels, the confusion of illusion and reality,contorted and elogated figures, awkward spatial relationships, and strange lighting effects.
die burke
20th C. meant to shock: contorted figures, screaming color, and outrageous themes.
tempura painting
pigments mixed with egg yolk
Dries really fast, hard to make changes
Light does not penetrate it - opaque, matte surface, requires varnish
terracota
hard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material. It may be glazed or painted
Trompe L'oeil
French, "fools the eye." A form of illusionistic painting that aims to deceive viewers into believing that they are seeing real objects rather than a representation of those objects.
golden rectangle
rectangle that can be divided into a square and a rectangle that is similar to the original rectangle
waste molding
Can only be used once
Plaster mold
Best for large scale sculpture

Steps: (1) coat original in vaseline or resist, section off with lines
(2) Coat with plaster mix in several layers
(3) Mother mold, cut based on sections
(4) Original is destroyed, fill mold with material
Baldacchino
a canopy on columns, frequently built over an altar
oiling out
Bring back sunken patches of an oil painting using stand oil and/or mineral spirits
impasto
the technique of applying paint so thickly that brush or knife strokes can be seen
frank stella
United States minimalist painter (born in 1936), rigorous hard-edge paintings of the 1960s emphasize the flatness of the picture plane and its boundaries
pochade
A small preparatory oil sketch used by an artist to plan a composition before undertaking the actual work of art
idealism
The practice of seeing or representing things in ideal form rather than as they usually exist in real life.
pictographs
pictures that stand for words or ideas; picture writing
low relief sculpture
Sculptures that barely emerge from the background, such as on coins.
post and lintel
A method of construction in which two posts support a horizontal beam, called a lintel
portico
a porch or entrance to a building consisting of a covered and often columned area
votive figures
images dedicated to the gods
Vermeer
(1632-1675) Dutch painter, son of a silk worker. Neither baroque nor classical; his paintings showed ordinary lives; made interesting with use of light. Painted Officer with a Laughing Girl.
doric order
simple, heavy columns without a base and topped by a broad, plain capital
ionic order
columns had an elaborated base and a capital carved into double scrolls that looked like the horns of a ram
mary cassat
an American painter exiled in Paris, painted sensitive portraits of women and children and earned a place in the pantheon of the French impressionist painters
Kandinsky
Russian; one of the first and most influential abstract painters; joined the Blue Rider and the Bauhaus
Paul Klee
A Swiss artist who painted mainly in the twentieth century. Hes is known for his whimsical, small-scale works that display a mastery of line, form, and subtle colors.
jenny saville
Jenny Saville (born in Cambridge in 1970) is an English painter, she is one of the Young British Artist or YBAs. Saville is known for her large-scale painted depictions of naked women.
iconography
the study of a group of representative pictures or symbols
rhythym
the pattern of sounds pervieced as the reccurance of equivalent beats at more or less equal intervals
encaustic
a painting technique in which colored pigment is added to hot wax
order of pencils
B pencils are darker than H pencils.
dark to light: 6B, 5B, 4B, 3B, 2B, B, HB, F, H, 2H, 3H, 4H
contropasto
stance at ease, weight on one leg, truly natural
high art
Italian painting and sculpture dating from roughly 1490 to 1527, characterized by classicism, with a particular emphasis on form and balance. The three undisputed masters of the High Renaissance are Leonardo da Vinci (1425-1519), Raphael (1483-1520), and Michelangelo (1475-1564). Eg. the "Last Supper"; the "School of Athens"; and the "David."
varnish
paint used to coat a surface with a glossy film; glossy coating produced by using this substance; Ex. nail varnish; V.
Paul Cezanne
French postimpressionist painter who influenced modern art (especially cubism) by stressing the structural components latent in nature (1839-1906)
Georgia O keefe
A pioneer of modernism in America, she first produced largely abstract work, adopting a more figurative style in the 1920s. Her best-known paintings depict enlarged studies, particularly of flowers, and are often regarded as being sexually symbolic.
shirin neshat
This artist recently completed a series of five large-scale video installations inspired by the novel, "Women Without Men". She has also been working on a feature film adaptaion of the book.
diane arbus
American photographer noted for black-and-white square photographs of "deviant and marginal people (dwarfs, giants, transvestites, nudists, circus performers) people whose normality seems ugly or surreal
contour
outline
formalism
Strict adherence to, or dependence on, stylized shapes and methods of composition. An emphasis on an artwork's visual elements rather than its subject.
fluxus
An international avant-garde movement that aimed to spurn existing art theories and aesthetics. Artists often gravitated toward performance art, or aktions; and incorporated social activism into their works.
avant-garde
Ahead of the times, especially in the arts
cinematography
A general term for all the manipulations of the film strip by the camera in the shooting phase and by the laboratory in the developing phase.
videography
operation of a video camera or camcorder in video production
totem pole
wooden post carved with animals or other images; often made by Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest to honor ancestors or special events