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15 terms

Chapter 6: Socialization

STUDY
PLAY
socialization
the lifelong process by which we learn our culture, develop a personality, and become functioning members of society
sociobiology
science that uses evolutionary theory and genetic inheritance to examine the biological roots of social behaviour
the looking-glass self
what we think of ourselves is influenced by how we imagine other people see us
I
Mead's term for the element of the self that is spontaneous, creative, impulsive, and often unpredictable
me
Mead's term for the socialized element of the self
generalized other
a compilation of attributes associated with the average member of society
secondary socialization
occurs through participation in more specific groups with defined roles and expectations
agents of socialization
individuals, groups, and social institutions that together help people to become functioning members of society
cultural capital
social assets (values, beliefs, attitudes, competencies) that are gained from one's family and help one to succeed in life
hidden curriculum
the unconscious, informal, and unwritten norms and rules that reinforce and maintain social conventions
primary socialization
socialization that occurs during childhood
life course
socialization that occur throughout adult life
dying trajectories
the course that dying takes in the social and psychological senses
resocialization
profound change or complete transformation of a person's personality as a result of being placed in a situation or an environment dedicated to hanging his or her previous identity
total institution
a setting in which people are isolated from society and supervised by an administrative staff