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Terms in this set (79)
What med can break up calcific tendonitis with ionto?
What is safe exercise blood glucose levels?
What is the first step when someone has a seizure?
Protect them from injury - ensure they aren't near anything, roll to their side
What causes inf-med gaze?
Trochlear nerve (CN 4)
What causes lat gaze?
Abducens n. (CN 6)
Injury to what CN causes ptosis of the eye?
Oculomotor n. (CN 3)
With nerve impairment is there inc or dec latency?
Increased (latency = slowed)
Capsular pattern of the shoulder
C5-6 > shoulder weakness
What position is best to stretch (R) iliopsoas?
post pelvis tilt + (L) lat flex
If pt experiences autonomic dysreflexia what position should you position them in?
What grip width should you adjust to for a dynamometer for max grip strength?
2 or 3
others will overly shorten or lengthen flexors
Functional position of the hand
Slight wrist extension, ulnar deviation
Thumb slight abduction
What value is used to determine significant differences in stats?
What is considered a low correlation coefficient?
What type of pulmonary disease is associated with dec residual volume?
Restrictive lung disease (i.e. atelectasis)
Is there a decrease in residual volume with obstructive lung disease?
No - it is associated with increased residual volume
What is Bronchiectasis?
Obstructive lung disease - airways damage and thicken and mucous difficult to clear
Closed packed position of the wrist?
Extension + radial dev
What dermatome supplies the big toe?
What dermatome supples the middle toes?
What dermatome supplies the pinky toe?
Where does a vertebrae corresponding nerve exit?
Cervical - above
The rest = below
What are the 3 phases of motor learning in order?
1) Cognitive - learning
Hyper or hypoglycemia: fruity smelling breath
Hyper or hypoglycemia: dry crusty mucous membranes
Hyper or hypoglycemia: thirst, nausea, vomiting
Hyper or hypoglycemia: difficulty concentrating and speaking
With a pressure relief cushion does a pt with thoracic SCI still need to perform pressure relief every 15-20 min?
Cushions help to minimize pressure but do not eliminate it.
Aside from muscles of facial expression what else does the Facial n (CN 7) innervate?
Taste of ant 2/3 of tongue
What provides p+t to face?
Trigeminal nerve (CN 5)
What is one of the most common causes of capsular pattern of the shoulder?
What is the preferred pulse for LE?
What is intermittent claudication causes by? Likely to get relief by...
Arterial insufficiency/peripheral vascular disease
Relief with legs in dependent position
Why might a Doppler study be ordered for a pt in the ICU?
An excessively firm heel wedge can lead to what gait deviation?
Increased knee flexion at foot flat/initial contact > unable to absorb as much ground contact = less controlled plantarflexion
Which type of lung disease is pursed lip breathing useful for: obstructive or restrictive?
OBSTRUCTIVE to prevent collapsible airways
What is Sarcoidosis?
Inflammatory disease of multiple organ, 1' lymph and lungs > nodules in lungs
> restrictive lung disease
What is Hoffman's sign?
flicking of the middle or index finger should result in finger flexion
if not > (+) UMNL
Pt who is immobile + restricted to bed is at risk for what? which can lead to what?
Atelectasis (partial collapse of lung) > pneumonia
Adductor pollicis - hold paper btw thumb and index finger > if flexes (+) from compensation of FPL
What position is best for post HNP and why?
Standing = inc extension
Sitting increased intradiscal pressure
Will a pt with stenosis do better in sitting or standing?
Sitting = inc flex
Oculomotor n. is responsible for what reflex?
pupillary light reflex
What innervates the medial rectus of the eye?
Oculomotor n. (CN 3)
What CN mediates the jaw-jerk reflex?
Trigeminal (CN 5)
Should a pt use a sliding board towards the strong or weak side?
Towards the strong side
What motion do lumbricals assist with?
MCP flexion, IP extension
How can one stretch lumbricals?
MCP extension, IP flexion
Is dyspnea associated with hypo or hyperthyroidism?
Is there a change to DTRs with hyperthyroidism?
Yes, hyper > Inc DTRs
What lymphocyte count is used to assess pts with HIV/AIDS?
What exercises/therapy is contraindicated during acute exacerbation of RA?
Stretching, resistive exercises, walking/WBing exercise
Does fibrotic non pitting edema occur in early or late stages of lymphedema?
LATE (stage 3)
Closed packed position of the hip?
Ext, abd, IR
Loose packed position of the hip?
Flex, abd, ER
What sensation testing should be done to eval pt's risk of diabetic ulcers?
Pressure testing = Semmes-Weisten filaments
Fugl-Meyer is most appropriate for?
Cortical stroke pt
Best outcome measure for testing balance for pt with cerebellar stroke?
Parathyroid gland is responsible for...
phosphorous and calcium metab
Thyroid secretes hormones responsible for....
metabolism + protein synthesis
Adrenal glands responsible 1' for...
fluid/electrolyte balance and metabolism
and some secondary sex charactisic hormones
What gland is responsible for sexual hormones?
Ant Pituitary gland > gonadotropines > male and female sexual hormones
Ottawa Knee rules: post acute knee trauma should be referred for radiographs if ...
age 55 years or older OR
tenderness at the fibular head or patella OR
inability to flex the knee greater than 90° OR
inability to weight-bear for four steps
1' risk factors for atherosclerosis
High blood pressure
2' risk factors for atherosclerosis
What is tested to determine AIDs?
HIV + CD4 count (< 200)
Type of precautions with MRSA?
What CNs may be affected if there is difficulty with swallowing?
Glossopharyngeal (CN 9)
Vagus (CN 10)
Hypoglossal (CN 12)
Position to mobilize radial n?
Shoulder extension, elbow ext, wrist flexion
Position to mobilize median n.
Shoulder abduction, elbow ext, wrist ext
Position to mobilize ulnar n?
Shoulder flexion, elbow flexion, wrist ext
What can indicate lunate dislocation?
Murphy sign - 3rd MC head level with 2nd and 4th (usually distal to)
What is the most important intervention for someone with RA in remission?
Strengthening weakened ms
What is contraindicated with RA?
End range mobilization
Also Contract-relax techniques are not recommended
what should be avoided post-op ACL repair to protect graft?
Open chain knee extension
To determine stat significance should the p value be < or > 0.05
p < .05
When is the biceps best at flexing the elbow?
Compression therapy is contraindicated with ABI of. ..
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