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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Roaring Twenties, Great Depression and New Deal Suggested Content Overview
Terms in this set (55)
Agricultural Adjustment Administration
Restricted agricultural production in the New Deal era by paying farmers to reduce crop area. Its purpose was to reduce crop surplus so as to effectively raise the value of crops, thereby giving farmers relative stability again.
American Federation of Labor
a federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955
production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks
United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs (1895-1948)
Jackson hated the federal bank and let its charter lapse to default back to state banks
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929
Blue Ridge Parkway
built during Great Depression to help create jobs and runs from VA to NC; scenic
WWI veterans who marched on Washington demanding their $1,000 bonus pay before the 1945 due date.
Buying on Margin
buying stock by paying only a portion of the full cost up-front with promises to pay the rest later
Civilian Conservation Corps
New Deal program that hired unemployed men to work on natural conservation projects
Congress of Industrial Organizations
a federation of North American industrial unions that merged with the American Federation of Labor in 1955
a person who has conservative ideas or opinions
used in the phrase 'to your credit' in order to indicate an achievement deserving praise
government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader (1899-1974)
a region subject to dust storms
wife of Franklin Roosevelt and a strong advocate of human rights (1884-1962)
a process in which something passes by degrees to a different stage (especially a more advanced or mature stage)
voluntarily absent from home or country
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
a federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
Federal Emergency Relief ADMINISTRATION
Government agency that was a part of the New Deal. It allocated $500 million to relieve cities and states. To help with the unemployment problem.
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
First Hundred Days
This term refers to March 4 to June 16, 1933. During this period of dramatic legislative productivity, FDR laid out the programs that constituted the New Deal. Today, presidents are often measured by their actions in the same period of time
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
President of the US during Great Depression and World War II
the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
large scale flow of african americans migrating from the south
a period in the 1920s when African-American achievements in art and music and literature flourished
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
shanty-towns that housed many who had lost everything. Shelters were built of old boxes and other discards.
Name for the 1920s, because of the popularity of jazz-a new type of American music that combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime
Ku Klux Klan
founded in the 1860s in the south; meant to control newly freed slaves through threats and violence; other targets: Catholics, Jews, immigrants and others thought to be un-American
the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs
African American poet who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. He wrote of African American hope and defiance, as well as the culture of Harlem and also had a major impact on the Harlem Renaissance.
a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
Group of writers in 1920s who shared the belief that they were lost in a greedy, materialistic world that lacked moral values and often choose to flee to Europe
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
forms of communication, such as newspapers and radio, that reach millions of people
the historic period (1933-1940) in the U.S. during which President Franklin Roosevelt's economic policies were implemented
Governor during depression "Shelby Dynasty", North Carolina Governor during the depression
the farmers, who in the Great Depression, were forced to move, many moved to Oklahoma
too much production or more than expected
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
structures (such as highways or schools or bridges or docks) constructed at government expense for public use
a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school
social welfare program in the U.S.
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
An illegal bar where drinks were sold, during the time of prohibition. It was called a Speakeasy because people literally had to speak easy so they were not caught drinking alcohol by the police.
a legal right guaranteed by the 15th amendment to the US constitution
Teapot dome scandal
symbol of government corruption; government oil reserves were secretly leased to oil companies in exchange for financial compensation
The Tennessee Valley Authority federation was created in 1933 in order to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development in the Tennessee Valley, a region particularly impacted by the Great Depression
the grapes of wrath
The story follows the fortunes of a poor family as they travel from the Dust Bowl region to California. based on the great depression written by John Steinbeck
the great gatsby
A novel depicting the picturesque idea of the self made American man and enterpreneur who rose from obscurity. was written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. (pages 742-7430
1935; established National Labor Relations Board; protected the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of their demands.
works project administration
Depression-era federal program to produce jobs that would make a contribution to American life but would not compete with private business.
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