Art History Unit 1
Terms in this set (36)
How do fine arts differ from applied arts?
Applied art is art applied as design or decoration to objects, buildings, etc.
Fine art is created for its own sake; it stands on its own merits as a work of art.
What valuable kinds of activities does one engage in when creating or examining works or art?
It stimulates the mind, defines one's self, and expresses the artist's values.
Why is an arts education valued by today's leaders in the business industry ?
Business and industry leaders know that along with art education they all have a role in making sure that visual arts is part of the company's advertising. They also teach many valuable and important skills.
Name three places where a person can obtain information about art and artists?
Internet, Library, Museum.
What is the difference between art media and art process?
Art media; materials to make the art
art process; action to make the art
Define the term Aesthetics
Branch of philosophy dealing with criteria that are used to understand , judge, and defend judgement about works of art.
What are two things a person must know before attempting to gather info from a work or art?
What to look for and how to look for it.
How does the approach of an art critic differ from an art historian?
Art critics : cues are internal
Art historians: cues external which means they have to know additional info
Why would you study art from diverse and different cultures unfamiliar to you?
You can become aware of various beliefs, ideas, and feelings of people of different ethnic groups, religions, and cultures
What are the seven elements of art? How do they relate to the principles f art?
Color, value, line, texture, shape, form, and space
They relate to the principles of art because they are different ways the elements can be used in a work of art.
Give an example of an analogous color scheme
Blue, Blue-Green, Green
What is the benefit of identifying the axis line in a work of art?
It can be helpful when trying to find the movement and the direction of movement in a work of art.
Name 5 techniques Giorgione used to create the illusion of 3-D space in a 2-D work of art
Size, placement, detail, color, and line
How do the principles of art use the elements of art in creating artworks? How do you achieve a unified balace?
Combining them into an organized whole and using certain principles, or guidelines. A unified design results when all the parts are held together to produce the best possible effect.
A formal balance in which two halves of a work are identical, one half mirrors the other half
More informal and takes into account such qualities such as hue, intensity, size, shape, and value
Occurs when objects are positioned around a central point.
How can harmony be achieved in creating a work of art?
Harmony is achieved by repetition of characteristics that are the same.
Describe how the principle of movement influences a viewer looking at a work of art
Allows the viewer to study the constantly changing relationships of colors, shapes, forms, lines, and textures.
Name 3 dry media used in drawing
What types of subjects do artists depict in their work? What are some influences?
Subjects depend on time and place in which they live. Influenced by personal experiences, by the lives of people and by interests and attitudes of their society.
What is a still-life?
An arrangement of inanimate objects such as food, plants, pots, etc
What are the 3 basic ingredients in paint? What are 2 tools for applying paint?
Pigment, binder and solvent
brushes and palette knives
Explain the difference between the two intaglio processes: etching and engraving
etching-a ground wax, asphalt, or resin is painted on a copper or zinc plate and scratched through, then exposed to acid
engraving-a burin is used to scratch into metal
Explain how the process of lithography uses the importance of the principle that grease and water do not mix
Surface is dampened with water and then inked. The greasy printing ink sticks to the equally greasy crayoned areas but is repelled by the wet, blank areas. Finally the surface is covered with paper and ran through a press to transfer the image.
List the concerns of a serious photographer
Decisions regarding subject, light conditions, and point of view, and the creative work done by the photographer in developing and printing.
List 3 of the options and solutions a computer can present to an artist
Graphic designers use computers to create art. Computers can also help photographers edit their pictures to make them look even better, and they allow artists to share their work with more people. !
Which sculpture process is additive and which is subtractive
How if casting useful for a sculptor? What materials are usually involved in the process?
Allows the artist to duplicate an original sculpture done in wax, plaster, or some other material. Allows the sculptor to work with a soft, pliable medium to create the original sculpture. Materials include: clay model, plaster, wax, molten metal
Describe the assembly process
different materials are joined to produce an assemblage
What is kinetic art?
Sculptural form that actually moves in place
In what way is a round arch an improvement from the post and lintel?
It transfers the weight outward from its center, or keystone, to the vertical supports
How is a barrel vault constructed? Why were buildings constructed with barrel vaultss dark and gloomy?
A barrel vault has several arches placed front to back to enclose space. Dark and gloomy because they didn't have windows.
What brought about the dramatic change in wood construction in the 1800s?
A more efficient method known as balloon framing replaced the slow method of cutting, fitting, and fastening heavy posts and beams in place.
You get _________ when you mix two primary colors
An orderly way of looking at and talking about art is called __________
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