APWH 34: An Age of Anxiety

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paradigm
The generally accepted perspective of a particular discipline at a given time.
Friedrich Nietzsche
German philosopher who argued that morality is a weakness to be overcome by exercising the "will to power" and becoming the Übermensch (superman).
Dada
Early-20th-century art school that attempted to be a kind of "anti-art." They attempted to represent the uncertainty of their era.
Bauhaus
School of architecture designed to be simple and functional. Noted for its extensive use of glass and the embodiment of the idea that form must follow function.
vaccine
Substance prepared from killed or weakened pathogens and introduced into a body to produce immunity.
Great Depression
Economic crisis beginning in 1929 when people struggled for the basic necessities.
John Maynard Keynes
Economist who pushed the idea that economic crises exist because there is too little demand for labor. Suggests increasing demand by increasing the money supply and building public works projects.
New Deal
American system of attempting to solve the problems of the Great Depression by increasing government programs designed to rescue people from financial disaster.
Five-Year Plans
Stalin's idea for controlling the economy by planning production out for a set period of time. The first led to effectively rapid industrialization and massive famine.
Fascism
System of government marked by veneration of the state, devotion to a strong leader, militarism, and ethnocentrism.
corporatism
When the government intervenes in issues of economics to benefit the state. The government acts as the intermediary between opposing forces (workers/managers) but uses its position to strengthen the state.