Introduction to Pharmacology exam 2
Terms in this set (57)
A patient who has asphyxia might be effectively treated with which of the following?
First aid to remove body; emergency resuscitation,expired air resuscitation, CPR cardiac pulmonary resuscitation-
A patient who has had a myocardial infarction has residual problems with left ventricular dysfunction. Which of the following may be prescribed for this condition?
A patient who is taking warfarin (Coumadin) might be safely prescribed which of the following NSAID?
A patient who is taking warfarin (Coumadin), phenytoin (Dilantin), and diazepam (Valium) asks if he can get a prescription for cimetidine (Tagamet) for his peptic ulcers. He said that he saw an advertisement on television and thinks this might help him. Which of the following would be the correct response?
you do not need more selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors-
Alteplase (Activase) is useful in the treatment of myocardial infarction because of its ability to do which of the following?
Activase is a trombolytic clot- dissolving agents. Is a plasminogen activator that causes fibrinolysis at the site of a blood clot.-
An older adult patient who has been taking mineral oil for relief of constipation does not want to take the Psyllium (Metamucil) that her doctor has recommended for daily use. She says that the oil works when she gets "clogged up," and it's much cheaper than "that powdered stuff." What facts should be explained to the patient?
Mineral oil is indigestible and not absorbed. It is purely a mechanical lubricant. Psyllium seeds absorb water causing moist stools.-
Because of certain side effects of atomoxetine (Strattera), children taking this medication should be monitored for:
it has been shown to decrease the appetite; in addition headache; nausea; abdominal pain; and increase in blood pressure and heart rate.
Because of the common side effects produced by many antilipidemic medications, patients who are taking these drugs should have which of the following laboratory tests performed periodically?
liver function tests every 6 month to check the elevation of liver enzymes-
Because of the occurrence of mental disturbances, Tagamet (cimetidine) is not recommended for use with?
Not to be taken with coumarin, phenytonin, propranolol, alprazolam, and diazepam.-
Beclomethasone, triamcinolone, and epinephrine would be effective in treating which of the following?
BECLOMETHASONE: nasal spray for seasonal rhinitis.
EPINEPHRINE: acute asthma, severe allergic reaction
Bethanechol (Urecholine) is used in the treatment of which of the following?
Post operative abdominal distention urinary retention; retention of gastric contents.-
Dinoprostone (Prostin E2) may be used for what side effects?
Evacuated a uterus when a missed abortion or fetal death has ocurred.-
Extrapyramidal side effects include?
Drug interaction with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)-
For treating depression in the elderly, which of the following medications would be useful because it does not cause overstimulation on days when depression does not occur?
For treatment of atrial fibrillation what might be prescribed?
dofetilide (tykosin),dronedarone hydrochloride( Multaqq), Ibulitade fumerate( Covert), procainamide hydrochloride (Prnoestyl), proponolol hydrochloride (Inderal)-
How might capsaicin be used in the relief of pain?
can be applied topically to relieve pain.Used for treatment of neuropathic and arithritic pain.-
In addition to measuring prothrombin times, which of the following is also used to monitor the effectiveness of anticoagulation therapy with heparin?
PT, clotting time, activated partial thromboplastin time-
In what location does digestion of food begin?
Medications that might be added to antitussive agents to depress the cough reflex would include which of the following?
numerous over the counter -otc- cough and cold remedies. These can contain codeine and derivatives of codeine and morphine.-
Methylphenidate - daytrana differs from methylphenidate - ritalin in what way?
Methylphenidate (Daytrana) is short-acting so it is taken every 4 hours. methylphenidate (Ritalin) is a transdermal patch that is for once-daily dosing.-
Name a combination product used in the treatment of Parkinson disease?
carbidopa (Lodosyn) used in combination with levodopa (Dopar, Larodopa)
Nonmalignant chronic pain may be which types of phenomena?
Optimum vessel health is most likely associated with which of the following cholesterol levels?
160 mg/dL is optimal for vascular health LDL should ideally be less than 70 mg/dL-
Pancuronium (Pavulon) or succinylcholine (Anectine) might be prescribed for use in which of the following procedures?
neuromuscular blocking agent is used to provide short-term skeletal muscle relaxation to facilitate procedures such as endotracheal intubation- endoscopic examination; ventilator therapy or surgery-
Prostaglandins are produced in which of the following body tissues?
Produced close to their site of action, So they are widely distributed.
Ramelteon (Rozemerem) is indicated for which of the following sleep disturbances?
Reversal of overdoses of narcotic and opoid agents is managed with which of the following?
Skeletal muscle relaxants may be used in conjunction with analgesic agents for the following conditions?
The condition in which the heart does not circulate blood at a satisfactory rate is known as:
The function of an inotropic drug is to:
Increase the contractility of the Myocardium-
The most commonly prescribed medications for the relief of mild pain are members of which category?
Acetaminophen; aspirin a nonsteroidal antiinflamatory drug (NSAID) or nonopioid analgesic-
The oldest and most common NSAID is which of the following?
The patient beginning treatment of glaucoma with pilocarpine should be instructed to expect what side effects?
Stinging and burning in the eye and headache, blurred vision and trouble seeing the dark-
The risk of Reye syndrome can be avoided in children with fever by using what antipyretic agents?
acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) or naproxen (Aleve) — to reduce high fever or relieve pain.-
The route of choice for administration of heparin is
Parenterally, IV infusion
The substance that functions as respiratory stimulant in the body is:
Therapeutic level of lithium may be associated with which of the following symptoms?
Fine hand tremor polyuria; thirst, nausea and diarrhea.-
To improve appetite and digestion in a nursing home client; what might be prescribed?
Megastrol Acetate (Megace)-
Weaning patients from selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) will reduce the likelihood of the following post-treatment symptoms?
Vertigo, gastrointestinal symptoms, anxiety, crying spell, flulike symptoms, and insomnia.-
What are characterizes absence seizures?
A brief impairment of consciousness which usually last no more than a few seconds.-
What beta-blockers acts primarily on the myocardium?
atenol (Tenormin); Carvedilol (Coreg); metoprolol (Toprol, Toprol XL) propranolol hydrocloride(Inderal)-
What classes of antidepressant drugs is useful in pain management?
amitriptyline-Imipramine- desipramine- doxepin-and nortriptyline-
What drug is prescribed for the treatment of restless legs syndrome?
Pramipexole (mirapex), Ropinirole (requip)-
What drug(s) is extremely effective in controlling and preventing ventricular fibrillation?
Lidocaine hydrochloride (xylocaine)-
What is a protective substance found in the stomach?
gastric juice or mucin-
What is used in the treatment of cystic fibrosis?
pancrelipase (Creon,Pancrease, Ku-Zyme,Ultrase, Viokase), pancreatin (Donnazyme, Kutrase)-
What is used to maintain a lower serum uric acid level to prevent attacks of gout?
What is, commonly used to evacuate the bowels before surgery, contains a large amount of sugar and should be used with caution for diabetic patients?
Magnesium citrate solution (citrate of magnesia)-
What possible side effects should be mentioned when instructing a patient who is starting treatment with methyldopa (Aldomet)?
Hemolytic anemia, drug fever, drowsiness, weakness, aggravation of angina pectoris, dryness of mouth, and nasal stuffiness.
What produce respiratory depression?
doxapran hydrochloride (Dopran)-
What provides a mechanical barrier to gastric ulcers?
Thick viscous mucous material-
What synthetic opioid agent is preferred over morphine in obstetrics?
meperidine hydeochloride (Demerol)-
What would be a good treatment option for mild chronic pain?
Heating pad- topical therapy such as aspercreme- ben-gay; Ibuprofin-
What would be the most appropriate choice of an analgesic agent for the patient who has a recent head injury?
Where is the respiratory center located?
Which are characteristic symptoms of heart failure?
Dyspnea, edema, and fatigue, cyanosis-
Which medication is effective in the control of tonic-clonic seizures?
carbamazepine(Tegretol), ethotoin (Peganone), primidone (Mysoline)-