I.C. L2P1_18h: Dg.Lines (actuals): Eng » Char (Ole Miss Chinese Flagship)
Terms in this set (46)
This semester, besides Chinese, Lisa is also taking an elective course in Chinese history.
China is one of the world's ancient civilizations, with a recorded history of more than four thousand years.
In order to know more about Chinese history, she asks Li Wen to take her to the National Museum of China for a visit.
Zhang Tianming and Ke Lin are also interested in Chinese history. When they hear that Lisa is going to visit the museum, they want to go with them.
Li Wen very happily agrees.
The National Museum of China is very big. Even though Chinese history is only one part of it, to see it all would take more than a few hours.
Li Wen suggests that they concentrate on just a few dynasties today. They could visit the museum again later at a more leisurely pace.
Lisa and her friends think that that is an excellent suggestion.
You are all students. I'll first tell you about the most important education in Chinese history. Do you know who he is?
Is it Confucius?
Correct. Confucius was the greatest educator and thinker in Chinese history. Even today he has a great impact on Chinese education.
Our school has a Confucius Institute.
Is that right? I hear several thousand Confucius Institutes have been established all over the world.
My T-shirt has a saying by Confucius on it: "Having friends from afar-isn't that a great joy?"
I learned that saying in my Chinese class.
We are now in the Qin Dynasty gallery. The First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty was the first emperor of China.
I learned in my history class that the First Emperor made a great contribution to the unification of China.
Correct. He also unified the script.
And he made the people build the Great Wall.
Was everything he did right?
He killed several hundred scholars and burned many classics. Is that right?
And he made tens of thousands of people build palaces and a tomb for him.
You are all correct. Look, these are the First Emperor's terracotta warriors. Even in death, he made tens of thousands of warriors protect him.
The Qin Dynasty didn't last long. The next important dynasty is the Han Dynasty. On the foundation of the Qin Dynasty, the Han enabled a united China to make great strides politically and economically. The term "Han" [for the Han ethnicity] originated with the Han Dynasty.
The Silk Road also has to do with the Han Dynasty, right?
Right. Trade with the West started in the Han Dynasty.
Look, we've come to the Tang gallery. My dad often says that Chinese Tang poeetry is very famous.
Correct. Many great poets emerged during the Tang Dynasty. Whose poems have you studied?
I've studied Li Bai's poems.
Li Bai is one of the most famous poets from the Tang Dynasty. Also, at that time, because of the Tang Dynasty's flourishing economy and culture, many international students came to China to study.
Just like us.
Did you know something? Historically, China's science and technology was quite advanced.
Are you talking the Four Great Inventions?
I know. They are paper, gunpowder, the compass, and movable-type printing.
Yes, paper and gunpowder were invented early. Movable-type printing was invented during the Song Dynasty. The compass also reached a sophisticated level of development during the Song.
We've now come to China's last dynasty, the Qing Dynasty.
Why was it the last dynasty?
Because Sun Yat-sen led the Revolution of 1911. With the establishment of the Republic of China, there were no more emperors.
We covered several thousand years of history in a couple of hours. That's no small feat.
I seem to be hearing a sound
The sound of history marching.
I'm also hearing a sound.
You mean the sound of your stomach...
What are you talking about?
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