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Boy Scout Emergency Preparedness Questions
Terms in this set (65)
Four basic rules when dealing with emergencies.
Call for help immediately
Bring help to the victim
Do no further harm
ABC stands for?
When evaluating a scene you should focus on which of the following items?
Determining number of injured & nature of the event.
When assessing an accident scene for safety prior to rendering aid to a victim what should be taken into consideration?
potential toxic vapors, gases in the air, electrical, and/or fire hazards.
The word triage means to ___________ the care of patients based on the level of severity of the injury/illness.
What is an addition item you should check for to determine if a patient has a particular illness or allergy?
medical alert tags
When first approaching what appears to be an unresponsive victim with no obvious injuries what should you do?
Shake the victim and state "Hey, hey....are you ok?"
When an unconscious person is not breathing they can experience irreversible brain damage in as little as how many minutes?
After determining that a victim is unresponsive what is your next step?
After calling 911 for a victim that is unresponsive you should then check the ________.
How long do you have to complete the ABC check prior to beginning CPR?
What is the ratio of chest compressions to breaths?
How deep should you compress the chest when performing adult CPR?
at least 2 inches
How rate of compressions per minute should be performed during adult CPR?
100-120 per minute
How many compressions per second should you perform during one cycle of CPR?
How long should one cycle of compressions during CPR take if you are compressing at approximately 120 compressions per minute?
When checking for the victim's pulse which artery should be assessed?
Prior to delivering breaths to the victim what technique should be used to position the head on a victim that is not suspected of having a spinal injury?
Head Tilt & Chin Lift
Prior to delivering breaths to the victim what technique should be used to position the head on a victim that is suspected of having a spinal injury?
As you are breathing into the victim's mouth what should you be watching for?
Chest to rise and fall
When providing breaths during adult CPR you should _______ the patient's nose to prevent air from escaping.
When would it be considered appropriate to discontinue CPR?
once EMS arrives
What is an essential first step when handling blood or blood products?
After putting on gloves what must you do quickly to stop the flow of blood?
cover the wound and apply pressure
Amputated body parts should be __________ to assist in preserving tissue.
placed in ice
(True or False) You may use a tourniquet to stop bleeding if you feel comfortable doing so?
a medical emergency in which the organs and tissues of the body are not receiving an adequate flow of blood. This deprives the organs and tissues of oxygen (carried in the blood) and allows the buildup of waste products. Shock can result in serious damage or even death.
What type of shock can result from an allergic reaction to shellfish?
If someone has a heart attack they may experience what type of shock?
If someone is bleeding internally or is bleeding profusely from a major cut or trauma they can experience what kind of shock?
____________ shock is what happens as a complication of an infection where toxins can initiate a full-body inflammatory response.
What are few of the symptoms a patient may have as a result of shock?
rapid heart rate with weak pulse
cold clammy skin
chills due to fall in body temperature
What are steps that you can take to help patients/victims in shock prior to the arrival of EMS?
Lay the victim down
Cover them up
Raise their feet (about 12 inches)
Why is important to raise the feet of a shock victim?
Helps return vital blood to the body core that is needed by the organs.
What are common sources of allergic reactions that can lead to anaphylactic shock?
What are symptoms associated with allergic reactions?
swelling of the throat
People with severe allergic reactions often wear _______________.
medical alert tags
If you suspect someone is having a heart attack what is the first step you should take?
What steps would you take after calling 911 for a possible heart attack victim that is responsive?
Make victim comfortable
Loosen tight clothing
Check for medications
Keep victim still
Don't give stimulants
Give victim an aspirin
What are examples of stimulants that we may use in our everyday lives?
What positive effect does aspirin have on a heart attack victim?
thins the blood
What are common symptoms of a heart attack?
shortness of breath
pressure or tightness in the chest
pain in the chest
radiating arm pain
nausea and vomitting
What should you do if a responsive heart attack victim suddenly becomes unresponsive?
Check ABCs and being CPR if necessary
(True or False) A person is choking if they tell you they are choking?
What is the universal sign for choking?
hands placed around the throat (neck)
If you determine that a victim is choking and is still conscious what procedure will you perform?
Where should you position your body and your hands when performing the Heimlich Maneuver?
1) Place your body behind the victim
2) Wrap your arms around their abdomen
3) Place the fist of one hand between the navel and breastbone with the other hand clasping the fist.
How long will you deliver abdominal thrusts to a conscious choking victim?
Until they become unconscious
Once a choking victim become unconscious what is the first step you should take?
After assisting the unconscious choking victim to the floor and calling 911 what step your then be taken?
Finger sweep (only if you see an object in the mouth/throat)
(True or False) It is acceptable to perform a blind finger sweep if you are blind finger sweep certified?
What is a good rule of thumb when dealing with a person that has been electrocuted and is in contact with a live wire?
Don't touch them!
The first step to take when helping an electric shock victim is to _____________.
Turn power off (when applicable)
After turning off power to a live electrical current what is the next step in assisting the electrocuted victim?
If it becomes necessary to remove a person from a live wire you should be very careful. Which items would be best to use in attempting to remove someone from the live wire?
Rubber products (gloves, mats)
Dry stick (wood)
Wood broom handle
Freezing of tissue fluids causes ____________.
Overstretching of a muscle can result in a ___________.
A sterile covering placed over a wound is called a ________________.
A wound that is scraped off is referred to as an _____________.
Tissue that is separated from the body is said to be __________________.
A ________________ results from the tearing of tissues by excessive force resulting in a wound with jagged, irregular edges.
(True or False) First aid should provide full and complete treatment.
(True or False) Shock can lead to death even though the victim's injuries may not be fatal.
(True or False) Pressure can be applied to the femoral artery to stop bleeding of the lower portion of the thigh.
(True or False) Most shock victims have a weak and slow pulse.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Boy Scouts: Leave No Trace
Scout Study Cards
Boy Scouts First Class
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