14 terms

Unit IV Political Institutions: The Bureaucracy

STUDY
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civil service
A system of hiring and promotion based on the merit principle and the desire to create a nonpartisan government service.
competitive service
the government offices to which people are appointed on the basis of merit, as ascertained by a written exam or by applying certain selection criteria
congressional oversight
power used by Congress to gather information useful for the formation of legislation, review the operations and budgets of executive departments and independent regulatory agencies, conduct investigations through committee hearings, and bring to the public's attention the need for public policy
discretionary authority
the extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose courses of action and make policies that are not spelled out in advance by laws
expected service
Appointment of officials not based on results from a written examination; are typically hired in a nonpartisan fashion.
iron triangle
a close relationship between an agency, a congressional committee, and an interest group
issue networks
a loose collection of interest groups, politicians, bureaucrats, and policy experts who have a particular interest in or responsibility for a policy area
laissez faire
the doctrine that states that government generally should not intervene in the marketplace
merit system
A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage.
National Performance Review
1993 less centralized management, more employee initiatives, fewer detailed rules, more customer satisfaction
Office of Personnel Management
Formed for civil service reform, and it replaced the civil service commission. It's responsible for recruiting, examining, training, and promoting federal employees.
patronage
(politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
Pendelton Act
A law enacted in 1883 that established a bipartisan civil service commission to make appointments to government jobs by means of the merit system.
red tape
Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done.