P3 Ch07 Byzantine Empire and Kievan Rus
Terms in this set (38)
The eastern portion of the Roman empire; lasted 1000 years after the fall of Western Rome
Corpus Juris Civilis
(Body of the civil law) Justinian's attempt to codify all Roman law
Heraclius, was the Eastern Roman emperor (610-641) who reorganized and strengthened the imperial administration and the imperial armies but who, nevertheless, lost Syria, Palestine, Egypt, and Byzantine Mesopotamia to the Arab Muslims.
Was a Byzantine Emperor from the Macedonian dynasty who reigned from 976 to 1025.
Battle of Kleidion
Byzantines defeat Bulgarians, Basil "the Bulgar-Slayer" triumphs
Eastern half of the Roman Empire that survived the fall of the Western half.
Byzantine emperor who held the eastern frontier of his empire against the Persians
Battle of Manzikert
The battle during which the Seljuk Turks annihilated the Byzantine Empire
A long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Southwest Asia
The crusade that resulted in the looting of Constantinople by Western Christians.
Descendants of Vikings but French in language and culture
Early people of Russia; they came from an area around the Black Sea
Invaders of Europe that came from Scandinavia
A member of a group of peoples in central and eastern Europe speaking Slavic languages.
Byzantine emperor who took the first steps toward the prohibition of icons.
Was a dispute over the use of religious images (icons) in the Byzantine Empire in the 8th and 9th centuries. The Iconoclasts (those who rejected images) objected to icon veneration for several reasons, including the Old Testament prohibition against images in the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:4) and the possibility of idolatry. The defenders of the use of icons insisted on the symbolic nature of images and on the dignity of created matter.
New church constructed in Constantinople during reign of Justinian
A government controlled by religious leaders
In the Roman and Byzantine empires, highest church official in a major city
The the bishop who lead the charge against Nestorianism
A break in the Catholic Church unity from the failure to accept the Pope as the head of the church
Eastern Orthodox Church
A Christian church that grew out of Catholocism in eastern Europe and present-day Turkey
Byzantine system of splitting the empire into smaller military-run sections
An alphabet created by St. Cyril and Methodius to help the Slavs read the Bible
Hand written manuscripts that were decorated or illustrated.
Semi-nomadic Turkic people originally from Central Asia
University of Constantinople
University founded in Constantinople in 850,where many men of noble families were trained for service in the Byzantine bureaucracy
An ancient Greek stadium used for horse and chariot racing
The Viking chief who is given credit for establishing Kiev, Russia
River flowing through Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine into the Black Sea and is the third-longest river in Europe
A medieval European state that was founded in 882 CE by Prince Oleg.
Members of the old aristocracy in Russia, next in rank to a prince.
Prince Vladimir I
"The Great" was a prince of Novgorod, grand prince of Kiev, and ruler of Kievan Rus' from 980 to 1015.
Yaroslav I, "the Wise"
Russian Yaroslav Mudrywas grand prince of Kiev from 1019 to 1054.
Pavel Ivanovich Pestel's plan for the socioeconomic and political transformation of Russia, titled Russkaya Pravda (1824; "Russian Truth"), called for the execution of the imperial family, the emancipation of the serfs, the replacement of the Tsarist autocracy by a republican form of government, and the allotment of land to the freed serfs.
Capital of the Byzantine Empire defeated by the Ottomans in 1453
Body of water linking Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea; site where Constantinople was built
The doctrine that there were two separate persons, one human and one divine, in the incarnate Christ. It is named after Nestorius, patriarch of Constantinople and was maintained by some ancient churches of the Middle East.