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B4E051 Unit 2 V2 (Self Test) Set 2
Terms in this set (37)
(209) What are the three main types of hazards found in a hazard work environment?
Chemical, biological, and physical hazards
(209) What is ionizing radiation?
Electromagnetic radiation with energy sufficient to cause the loss of an electron from the matter with which it interacts
(209) What are some examples of ionizing radiation?
Alpha, beta, and neutron particles, gamma radiation, and x-rays
(209) What are some examples of nonionizing radiation?
Ultraviolet, infrared, laser, and microwaves
(210) What are the three groups of factors for determining the toxic levels of specific industrial hazards?
Factors affecting the agent, individual, and environment
(210) What factors affect an agent's toxicity?
Substance type, formulation, and volume or concentration
(210) What are the three major routes of entry for hazardous substances?
The gastrointestinal tract (ingestion), the lungs (inhalation), and the skin (absorption)
(210) What is the most common route of exposure in the industrial environment?
Absorption through the skin
(210) Give some examples of individual differences that would affect the toxic reaction of a substance on a worker.
Age and weight. Other influencing factors might include the general absorption, body storage, metabolism, and ability to eliminate toxic substances
(210) What two environmental factors can affect human responses to toxic materials?
Temperature and environmental chemicals
(210) What are the symptoms of organophosphate poising?
Gastrointestinal discomfort, salivation, profuse sweating, and difficulty in breathing
(210) How does HCN cause death?
By interfering with cellular respiration
(210) What is a target organ?
An organ or organ system that is specifically affected by a toxic material
(210) What is an asphyxiant?
Toxic material that deprives the body's cells of oxygen
(210) What are the four physical classes of toxic materials?
Gases and vapor, particulate matter, liquids, and solids.
(210) What are the five major types of aerosols?
Smoke, fog, mists, fumes, and dusts
(211) To which specific group of hazards do chlorine, bromine, and fluorine belong?
(211) List at least five uses for aliphatic hydrocarbons?
Fuels, refrigerants, propellants, dry-cleaning agents, lubricants, solvents, and chemical intermediates
(211) What types of bodily damage may creosote possibly cause?
Skin cancer; systemic effects involving the CNS and cardiovascular system, or renal and hepatic damage
(211) What are some uses for potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide commonly found on AF bases?
Potassium hydroxide is an alkali-electrolyte for nickel cadmium batteries; sodium hydroxide is an alkali used in paint strippers and aircraft-cleaning compounds
(212) Oxyacetylene, electric arc, heli-arc, plasma torch, and metalizer are forms of what operation that causes hazards in the workplace?
(212) What are the two basic types of batteries used in AF workplaces?
Acid and caustic
(212) What is the primary hazard during electroplating operations?
Inhalation of metal fumes
(212) What are the primary hazards associated with AGE?
Noise, exhaust emissions, production of carbons, and use of solvents that may cause dermatitis
(212) What are the exposure hazards of a medical maintenance worker?
Degreasing solvents, mercury, acids, ionizing radiation, epoxy and resins, noise, and soldering hazards
(213) Which control method is using citrus cleaners instead of trichlorethylene an example of?
(213) What control measure would use a soundproof booth around a piece of equipment producing hazardous noise?
(213) Rotating workers through a hazardous environment regulates hazardous exposures through which control method?
(213)What should be done to PPE to ensure protection for the worker?
Check to ensure it protects the worker against the specific hazard in the workplace.
(213) What are the types of respirators used to protect workers from gas, vapor, and particulate hazards?
Air purifying, air supplied, and SCBA respirators.
(214) What is the AF OEHP?
A medical service program that ensures that all bases are striving to make working conditions healthy for all employees
(214) What is the chief goal of industrial hygiene surveillance?
The preservation and the improvement of the health of the work force.
(214) What is included in a comprehensive baseline study of each workplace?
A detailed assessment of the operations performed, specific risks, available control measures, an evaluation of the effectiveness of those control measures. Consideration is also given at that time to the interrelationships of chemical, physical, biological, and biomechanical stresses that may exist in the industrial environment.
(214) Who may request a special survey from the BE section?
A health care practitioner, a supervisor, an employee representative, or you can request a special survey from BE on a particular workplace if a threat to worker health is suspected or if there is a reason to believe proper procedures are not being practiced.
(214) What are the three phases of the general survey process followed for chemical agent exposure surveillance?
Recognition, evaluation, and control
(214) What are the two types of evaluations used for physical agent exposure?
Mathematical predictions and actual measurements
(214) What is an AL?
A level of measurement which is half the OEEL establishment for each hazard.
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