14 terms

USHist Civil War

Terms for USH-1, Unit 1 - Ch 4 - Mr. D
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Robert E. Lee
Commander of the Confederate Army
Anaconda Plan
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). The leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Battle of Shiloh
an 1862 Civil War battle in Tennessee that ended in a Union victory
Battle of Antietam
bloodiest day in US history, Maryland, led to the Emancipation Proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Copperhead
northern democrat who advocated making peace with the Confederacy during the Civil War
habeas corpus
a writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge
Clara Barton
Nurse during the Civil War; started the American Red Cross
Battle of Vicksburg
Turning point in the West. Union victory. The North now controlled the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in half.
Battle of Gettysburg
Turning point in the East that made it clear the North would win. 50,000 people died, and the South lost its chance to invade the North.
Gettysburg Address
a famous speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln in Nov. 1863 at the dedication of a national cemitary on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
total war
Type of war in which an army destroys its opponent's ability to fight by attacking civilian and economic, as well as military, targets.
John Wilkes Booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)