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Ch. 36 Infants & Children - Glossary and key terms from Prehospital Emergency Care 8th Edition


see physical abuse


a person 12 - 18 years of age

Compensated Respiratory Distress

see early respiratory distress

Decompensated Respiratory Failure

when the respiratory compensatory mechanisms have begun to fail and respiration becomes inadequate

Early Respiratory Distress

increased respiratory effort due to impaired respiratory function


the soft spot on the top of an infant's head where the plates of the skull have not yet formed together


a child up to 12 months


the provision of insufficient attention or respect to someone who has a claim to that attention


an infant from birth to discharge from the hospital

Physical Abuse

improper or excessive action taken so as to injure or cause harm


a child 3 - 6 years of age

Respiratory Arrest

complete stoppage of breathing

School Age

a child 6 - 12 years of age

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

the sudden and unexpected death of an infant or young child in which an autopsy fails to identify the cause of death. SIDS Typically occurs while the infant is asleep.


a child 1 - 3 years of age

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