30 terms

Literary Devices

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Terms in this set (...)

Allusion
a brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance ex. that guy is a regular Adonis referring to a mythical figure of beauty
Antagonist
a character or group of characters that go against the protagonist often looked at as the rival or opponent
Conflict
4 types; man vs. man, man vs. society, man vs. himself, man vs. nature
Characterization
the way the author chooses to reveal the personality of a character. 2 types; direct (the process by which the character is revealed by the use of descriptive adjectives, phrases, or epithets and indirect (the process by which the writer shows the character's personality through speech, actions and appearance)
Connotation
refers to a meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly ex. wall street not as in the actual street in Manhattan but as in "wealth" and "power"
Denotation
as literal or dictionary meanings of a word
Diction
the writers choice of words
Dystopia
a world in which nothing is perfect and there is usually a lot of control from the government (example, The Hunger Games)
Fiction
short stories or novels in which nothing is real; imaginary events and people
Figurative Language
language that allows you to form a "picture" in your head, like metaphor, simile and personification etc.
Simile
the comparison of two thing using the word like
Metaphor
the comparisons of two things using the word is
Personification
giving inanimate objects lifelike characteristics
Forshadowing
a literary device authors use to hint toward future events in the story
Imagery
are the pictures the author creates to define setting, reveal character, reinforce theme. 6 types; visual (seeing), auditory (hearing), olfactory (smell), tactile (touch), gustatory (taste) and kinesthetic (touch)
Irony
is a literary device that relies on the difference between expectation and outcome
Mood
is a generalized, internal state of feeling generally associated with emotion and feeling
Motif
a recurring symbol which takes on a figurative meaning used to establish a theme or mood
Point of View
5 types; limited (the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character), omniscient, (the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character) first person, second person, third person
POV Limited
the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character
POV Omniscient
the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of more than one character
POV First Person
the story is narrated by one character at a time ex. I
POV Second Person
the protagonist or another main character is referred to by second-person personal pronouns and other kinds of addressing forms ex. you
POV Third Person
the protagonist is addressed using pronouns like he, she, it, or they
Protagonist
the main character in a work of literature or movie
Setting
the historical moment in time and geographic location in which a story takes place
Symbolism
a figure of speech that is used when an author wants to create a certain mood or emotion in a work of literature. It is the use of an object, person, situation or word to represent something else, like an idea, in literature
Syntax
the way a sentence is structured
Theme
is the underlying message, or 'big idea.'
Tone
the attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work

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