267 terms

Aeneid 24+ words

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a or ab, prep.
(with abl.) away from, from; (agent)
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptum
to take (to one's self), receive, accept
ad, prep. with acc.
to, up to, near to (place to which)
adsum adesse adfui
to be present, to be at or near; to stand by;
aequor -oris
n. a flat level surface; a plain or the sea
agmen -inis
n. a mass in (orderly) movement; an army on the march.
ago, agere, egi, actum
to drive, lead, do, act; pass, spend (life or time); (gratias agere = to give thanks to someone)
ait (or aiunt,),-, -,-
(defective verb) he says, they say, assert
alius, alia, aliud, adj.
other, another; alii...alii = some ...others
altus -a -um
high, lofty, deep
amor, amoris, m.
love
anima, -ae, f.
soul, spirit
animus, animi, m.
soul, spirit, mind; (animi -orum high spirits, pride, courage)
ante, prep.
with acc., before (in place or time), in front of; (also adv.) before, previously
antiquus, -a, -um, adj.
ancient, old-time
ara, -ae, f.
altar
ardeo ardere arsi
to burn, glow, be on fire; to burn with eagerness or love
arma, orum, n. pl.
arms, weapons
arvus -a -um
plowed. (as noun) plowed land, a field; in gen., a region.
arx, arcis, f.
citadel, stronghold
at, conj.
but; but, mind you; but, you say
ater atra atrum
black, dark; gloomy, sad; malicious, poisonous.
atque or ac, conj.
and, and also, and even. (NB ac only before consonants)
audio, audire, audivi, auditum
to hear, listen to
aura -ae
f. air, esp. breath, wind; upper air, heaven
aurum -i
n. gold; anything made of gold
aut, conj.
or; aut...aut, either...or
bellum, belli, n.
war
caelum, caeli, n.
sky, heaven
campus -i
m. a level space, plain, field
capio, capere, cepi, captum
to take, capture, seize, get
caput, capitis, n.
head; leader; beginning; chapter
casus -us
m. a falling, fall; an accident, occurrence; occasion, opportunity; downfall, collapse
cerno, cernere, crevi, cretum
to distinguish, discern, perceive
circum
Adv. roundabout, around. Prep. with acc. round, around, round about, near.
clamor -oris
m. a loud shouting, cry; echo, reverberation.
classis -is
f. a division, class; the armed forces, esp. the fleet
comes -itis
c. a fellow-traveller; hence a companion, comrade; sometimes attendant
coniunx (coniux) -iugis
c. a husband or wife; poet., a betrothed virgin, bride.
corpus, corporis, n.
body
cum, conj.
(with subj.) when, since, although; (with indic.) when
cum, prep. with abl.
with
cunctus -a -um
the whole, all
cura, -ae, f.
care, attention, caution, anxiety
cursus, cursus, m.
running, race; course
de, prep. with abl.
down from, from; concerning, about; (also as a prefix de-)
dea -ae
f. goddess.
deus, dei, m.
god (nom. pl. is di; dat and abl. pl. are dis)
dexter, dextra, dextrum, adj.
right, right-hand
dico, dicere, dixi, dictum
to say, tell, speak; name, call
dies, diei, m.
day
divus -a -um
divine or deified; as noun: a god or goddess
do, dare, dedi, datum
to give, offer
domus, domus, f.
house, home (note: domi -at home; domo from home; domum - to home)
donum, doni, n.
gift, present
duco, ducere, duxi, ductum
to lead; consider, regard; prolong
dum, conj.
while
ego, mei, pron.
I
eo, ire, ii, itum
to go
equus, equi, m.
horse
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptum
to snatch away, take away; rescue
erro, errare, erravi, erratum
to wander, err, go astray, be mistaken
et, conjunction
and; et...et, both...and
ex or e, prep. with abl.
out of, from, from within; by reason of, on account of
facio, facere, feci, factum
to make, do, accomplish
fama, famae, f.
rumour, report; fame, reputation
fatum, fati, n.
fate, death
fero, ferre, tuli, latum
to bear, carry, bring; suffer, endure, tolerate; say, report
ferrum, ferri, n.
iron; sword
fessus -a -um
weary, tired, exhausted
finis, finis, m.
end, limit, boundary, purpose; in plural, boundaries, territory
flamma -ae
f. a flame; luster; the fire or glow of passion
fluctus, -us, m.
wave, tide, flood, sea
for, fari, fatus
speak, utter, tell
fore
used as fut. infin. and imperf. subj. of sum; q.v. "going to be"
fors
chance, luck
fortuna, fortunae, f.
fortune, luck
fuga -ae
f. flight, running away; exile, banishment
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitum
to flee, hurry away, avoid, shun
fundo (1) fundere fudi fusum: of liquids
to pour, pour out; to give abundantly; to squander
furo, furere, furui
rage, rave
geminus, -a, -um, adj.
twin
genitor, -oris, m.
begetter, sire
gens, gentis, f.
clan, race, nation, people
genus, generis, n.
origin, kind, sort, class
habeo, habere, habui, habitum
to have, hold, possess, consider, regard
haud (haut)
not at all, by no means.
heu, interj.
ah, alas (a sound of grief or pain)
hic, adv.
here
hic, haec, hoc, dem.
this; the latter; he, she, it, they
hinc
adv. from here, hence
honor, honoris, m.
honor (honour), esteem; public office
honos (-or), -oris, m.
honor, glory, reward; offering, grace
huc
hither, to this place
iam, adv.
now; already, soon
idem, eadem, idem, demonst.
the same
ignis, ignis, m.
fire
ille, illa, illud, dem.
that; the former; the famous; he, she, it, they
immanis -e
enormous, immense, monstrous
imperium, imperii, n.
power to command, supreme power, authority, command, control
imus -a -um
superl. from inferus; q.v. "lowest"
in, prep.
(with acc.), into, toward; (with abl.), in
in, prep. with abl.
in, on
infelix -icis
unfruitful, barren; unhappy, unlucky
inferus -a -um
below, lower, southern; the dead, the lower world
ingens, adj.
gen. ingentis, huge
inter, prep.
with acc. between, among
ipse, ipsa, ipsum, intensive pron.
myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself (etc.); the very, the actual
ira, irae, f.
anger
is, ea, id, demonst.
this, that; he, she, it
Italia, -ae, f.
Italy
iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussum
to bid, order, command
labor (1) labi lapsus
to glide, slide, flow; to slip, fall down; to make a mistake.
labor, laboris, m.
labor, work, toil; a work, production
labos (-or), -oris, m.
labor, hardship, task
lacrima, -ae, f.
tear
laetus -a -um
fat, rich, fertile; glad
limen, liminis, n.
threshold
litus, litoris, n.
shore, coast
locus, loci, m.
place; passage in literature
longus, -a, -um, adj.
long
lumen -inis
n. light; a lamp; the eye
lux, lucis, f.
light
magnus, -a, -um
large, great, important
maior, maius, comp. adj.
greater, older (maiores, maiorum m. pl. ancestors)
maneo, manere, mansi, mansum
to remain, stay, stay behind, abide, continue
manus, manus, f.
hand, band; handwriting
mare, maris, n.
sea
mater, matris, f.
mother
maximus, -a, -um, supp. adj.
greatest
medius, -a, -um, adj.
middle
mens, mentis, f.
mind, thought, intention
meus, -a, adj.
my
miser, misera, miserum, adj.
wretched, miserable, unfortunate
modicus -a -um
moderate, within bounds; temperate
moenia, moenium, n. pl.
walls of a city (plural only)
mons, montis, m.
mountain
mors, mortis, f.
death
moveo, movere, movi, motum
to move; arouse, affect
multus, -a, -um, adj.
much, many
munus (moenus) -eris
n. a duty; a service, favor, gift
nam, conj.
for
natus, -I, m.
son, child
navis, navis, f.
ship, boat
ne (-ne)
enclitic or suffix, appended to words in questions where the answer is uncertain.
ne, adv. and conj.
(with subjunctives of command and purpose) in order that ...not, that ... not, in order not to
neque, nec, conj.
and not, nor; neque...neque (or nec...nec), neither...nor
nomen, nominis, n.
name
non, adv.
not
noster, nostra, nostrum, pron.
our, ours
novus, -a, -um, adj.
new; strange
nox, noctis, f.
night
nullus, -a, -um, adj.
not any, no, none
numen -inis
n. a nod of divine consent; divine will or spirit
nunc
now, at present, as things are
O, interjection
O!, Oh!
oculus, oculi, m.
eye
olle, olla, ollud
old forms of ille
omnis, omne, adj.
every, all
ora -ae
f. edge, rim; coastline
os, oris, n.
mouth, face
parens, parentis, m. or f.
parent
paro, parare, paravi, paratum
to prepare, provide, get, obtain
pars, partis, f.
part, share
pater, patris, m.
father
patior, pati, passus sum
to suffer, endure, permit (deponent)
pectus, pectoris, n.
breast, heart
pelagus -i
n. the open sea
per, prep.
with acc., through; (as prefix per- or pel-, through, thoroughly)
pes, pedis, m.
foot
peto, petere, petivi, petitum
to seek, aim at, beg, beseech
pius -a -um
dutiful; godly, holy; patriotic; devoted, affectionate; in gen. honest, upright, kind.
plures
compar of multus
plurimus, -a, -um
most
plus, comp. adj.
more
poena, -ae, f.
penalty, punishment; (idiom, poenas dare, to pay the penalty)
pono, ponere, posui, positum
to put, place, set
portus -us
m. harbor, port; haven, refuge.
possum, posse, potui, -
to be able, can, have power (irregular verb)
primus, -a, -um, adj.
first, foremost, chief, principal
procul
far; at, to, or from a distance.
puer, pueri, m.
boy; pl. boys, children
puppis, -is, f.
stern; ship
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitum
to seek, strive for; inquire, inquire into
que (-que; encl. conj.)
and (appended to the second of two words to be joined)
qui, quae, quod, rel.pron.
who, which, what (relative pronoun)
qui?, quae?, quod?, interrog. adj.
what?, which?, what kind of?
quis?, quid?, interog. pron.
who? whose? whom? what? which?
quo
(1): interrog. where? to what place? how far? to what extent? to what end?;
quondam, adv.
formerly, once
refero, referre, rettuli, relatum
to carry back; repeat, answer, report
regina, -ae, f.
queen
regnum -i
n. (1) royal power, monarchy; tyranny. (2) a realm, estate.
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictum
to leave behind, leave, abandon, desert
remus, -I, m.
oar
res, rei, f.
thing; (res publica, f. state, commonwealth, republic)
rex, regis, m.
king
ruo, -ere, -i, ru(i)tus
fall; rush, sink; plow
sacer -cra -crum
sacred, holy; in bad sense, accursed
sanguis -inis
m. (and sanguen, n.) blood. Transf. blood-relationship, race, family, progeny
saxum, saxi, n.
rock, stone
sed, conj.
but
sedes -is
f. a seat; a chair, throne; an abode, home
sequor, sequi, secutus sum
to follow (deponent)
servo, servare, servavi, servatum
to preserve, keep, guard
si, conj.
if
sic, adv.
so, thus
sidus, sideris, n.
constellation, star
silva -ae
f. a wood, forest; grove
simul
at once, at the same time, together; 'simul atque (ac)', as soon as.
socius -a -um
sharing, allied. M. and f. as noun, a partner, comrade, ally.
solus, -a, -um adj.
alone, only, the only
somnus, somni, m.
sleep
sto, stare, steti, statum
to stand, stand still or firm
sub, prep. with abl. or acc.
(takes abl. with verbs of rest, takes acc. with verbs of motion: ) under, up under, close to
subeo -ire -ii or -ivi -itum
(1) to go under, pass under; to support; to undergo, submit to; to approach; to follow
sui, reflex. pron.
himself, herself, itself, themselves
sum, esse, fui, futurum
to be, exist
summus, -a, -um, supp. adj.
highest
super
Adv. over, above; besides; remaining also preposition with similar meanings
superus, -a, -um, adj.
above, upper
supremus, -a, -um, supp. adj.
last
surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectum
to get up, arise
suus, -a, -um, reflex. poss. adj.
his own, her own, its own, their own
talis, tale, adj.
such, of such a sort
tandem
at length, at last
tantus, -a, -um, adj.
so large, so great, of such a size
tectum, -I
n, roof, dwelling, house (from tego)
tellus -uris
f. earth, soil, land; a country; the world.
telum -i
n. a missile; a dart, javelin, spear; any weapon
tempus, temporis, n.
time; occasion, opportunity
tendo tendere tetendi tentum and tensum
to stretch, extend; to direct, give; to direct one's course; to be inclined, aim at, strive after
teneo, tenere, tenui, tentum
to hold, keep, possess; restrain
terra, -ae, f.
earth, ground, land, country
tollo, tollere, sustulli, sublatum
to raise, lift up; take away, remove, destroy
totus, -a, -um, adj.
whole, entire
traho, trahere, traxi, tractum
to draw, drag, derive
tristis, triste, adj.
sad, sorrowful; joyless, grim, severe
tu, tui, pron.
you
tum, adv.
then, at that time; thereupon, the the next place
tuus, -a, -um
your(s), your own
ubi conj.
where, when
ullus, -a, -um, adj.
any
umbra -ae
f. a shade, shadow; a shady place; a phantom, ghost, shade, semblance
umerus (humerus) -i
m. the upper arm or shoulder.
unda -ae
f. a wave; water
unus, -a, -um, adj.
one, single, alone
urbs, urbis, f.
city
ut, conj.
(with indic.) just as, when; (with subjunctive) in order that, so that, that, in order to, so as to; (with indicative) as, when
vastus -a -um
empty, desolate; devastated
vates -is
c. a prophet, seer; a bard, poet.
vel
either...or; adv. even, actually
velum, -I, n.
cloth, sail
venio, venire, veni, ventum
to come
ventus, venti, m.
wind
via, -ae, f.
way, road, street
victor -oris
m. conqueror, victor.
video, videre, vidi, visum
to see, observe, understand
vinco, vincere, vici, victum
to conquer, overcome
vir, viri, m.
man, hero
vis, vis, f.
force, power, violence (I-stem)
vita, -ae, f.
life; mode of life
vix
with difficulty, scarcely; vix dum, or vixdum, hardly yet.
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum
to call, summon
volo, velle, volui,-
to wish, want, be willing, will
volvo, -ere, -i, volutus
revolve; unroll; undergo
vox, vocis, f.
voice, word