Between the Wars Study Guide

Chapter 14 & 15
Form of Government started by Mussolini
The night Hitler offered the attack on Jewish homes
Kristall Nacht
Where 400 Indians were killed for demonstrating in large numbers
Amristar Massacre
A corporation of workers and employers
A system where the government owns the land and the peasants who farmed it
Overthrew the republic in China
Yuan Shikai
Term used by Gandhi to describe the nonviolent protest
Formed the Kuomintang Party in China
Led the communists on the long march in China
Mao Zedong
Means "My Struggle"
Mein Kampf
A series of fortifications built by the French
Maginot Line
Stripped Jews of their citizenship in Germany
Nuremberg Laws
The Democratic government formed in Germany after WWII
Weimer Republic
Was the leader of the Brownshirts
Ernst Rohm
In August of 1947 Great Britain granted independence to _______________________________ and _______________.
Pakistan, India
Hoping to consolidate his power, Hitler blamed the ________________________ for the ________________________ building burning down.
Communists, Reichstag
Japan and the West had a falling out because ____________________________ and _________________________ looked to take over the Soviet Union.
anti-emigration laws, trade embargo
After Lenin's death in 1922 ____ and ____ looked to take over the Soviet Union.
Stalin, Trotsky
Not able to pay war reparation, Germans watched _________________________ troop's march into the _________________ Valley in 1923.
French, Ruhn
Mussolini came to power as a result of
Military Power
What did the supporters of Mussolini Fascist Party believe?
The state should be glorified
The Japanese Military dictatorship was different than Germany and Italy. How?
Germany and Italy had only 1 ruler
Japanese had many rulers
What group of people undertook a long march?
Chinese communists
The severe inflation in Germany after WWII was caused by
high reparation payment
The New Deal is the name given to
Roosevelt's 15 programs
Military leaders in Japan claimed that Japan could solve its economic problems by
Overseas expire
What was the main purpose of Stalin's five year plan?
Build up industry
How did Stalin rise to power?
Party politics coming up through the party
Why was Japan hit especially hard by the Great Depression?
dependent on foreign trade
Which happened first?
______ Sun Yat-Sen organizes a Kuomintang army
______ Chiang Kai-Shek attacks Chinese communist
Sun Yat-Sen organizes a Kuomintang army
Which happened first?
______ The march on Rome is announced
______ Mussolini becomes Prime Minister of Italy
The march on Rome is announced
Which happened first?
______ The stock market crashes in the U.S.
______ Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected president
The stock market crashes in the U.S.
Which happened first?
______ Hitler writes Mein Kampf
______ Hitler is jailed for leading an uprising in Munich
Hitler is jailed for leading an uprising in Munich
Which happened first?
______ The great purge begins
______ Stalin gains power
Stalin gains power
By 1925 the Nazi Party was the largest in Germany
The U.S. Congress ratified the Treaty of Versailles in 1919
Japan invaded Manchuria in 1931
The U.S. emerged from WWI as a debtor nation
Adolf Hitler was born in Berlin
Hitler overthrew the Weimer Republic in 1933
During WWI Japan ruled Korea and Taiwan
In 1935, the BritishParliament passed the government of India Act
In India Muslim are the minority
In India Hindu's are the majority
How did the "Great Depression" affect the economics of most nations?
Essay: High unemployment and inflation on goods
The Great Depression affected the economics of most nations by crippling industries, massive bank closures, creating widespread unemployment, hyperinflation, and large amounts of homeless and hungry people.
How did the U.S. deal with the depression?
Essay: FDR and the New Deal Programs
The U.S. dealt with the Great Depression by instituting the New Deal. These policies spurred the economy by creating public jobs, investing in industries, and subsidizing agriculture. (ex: WPA, CCC, NRIA, ect.)
How did the depression affect political developments?
Essay:Due to high unemployment, there were many revolutions
Compare Mussolini's rise to power in Italy to Hitler's rise in power?
Essay: Both came to power legally, Mussolini being named Prime Minister. Hitler Chancellor
How did Mussolini & Hitler gain support?
Essay: Banned all parties except their s and place labor under their control.
Mussolini and Hitler gained support by first banning all non-fascist political parties and then by appealing to the working classes.