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Milady esthetics chapter 5: infection control (principles and practices)
Terms in this set (84)
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
Abbreviated AIDS; a disease that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations), or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
A process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies to reduce contamination.
Showing no symptoms or signs of infection
A device for sterilization by steam under pressure.
Short rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
bacteria (singular: bacterium)
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless.
Capable of destroying bacteria.
The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells.
The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.
Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV.
body substance isolation
Abbreviated BSI; a system of precautions developed by a Seattle hospital in 1987 to prevent contact with bodily substances and fluids by using protective apparel to prevent the spread of communicable disease.
Also known as chelating detergents; detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
Also known as cleaning; a mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs. Cleaning also removes invisible debris that interferes with disinfection.
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci, streptococci, and diplococci.
Also known as communicable disease; a disease that is spread from one person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections.
The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin.
Contamination that occurs when you touch one object and then transfer the contents of that object to another, such as touching skin, then touching a product without washing your hands.
The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
A type of fungi that causes skin, hair, and nail infections.
Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis.
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia.
Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing coughing, sneezing, and talking.
An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function.
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces.
Also known as disinfecting; the process that eliminates most, but not necessarily all, microorganisms on nonporous surfaces. This process is not effective against bacterial spores.
The ability to produce an effect.
Contact with nonintact (broken) skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties.
Also known as cilia; slender, hair-like extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion (moving about).
Also known as folliculitis barbae, sycosis barbae, or barber's itch. Inflammation of the hair follicles caused by a baterial infection from ingrown hairs. The cause is typically from ingrown hairs due to shaving or other epilation methods.
fungi (singular fungus)
Microscopic plant parasites, which include molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious diseases such as ringworm.
Capable of destroying fungi.
A bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver.
Disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids.
human immunodeficiency virus
Abbreviated HIV; a pathogen that is most often the precursor to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). By impairing or killing the immune system affected with it, HIV progressively destroys the body's ability to fight infections or certain cancers.
Abbreviated HPV and also known as plantar warts; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups.
The ability of the body to destroy and resist infection. Immunity against disease can be either natural or acquired and is a sign of good health.
Transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with an intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, nipper, or an environmental surface
The invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens.
The methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms.
Caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection.
Disease caused by pathogenic (harmful) microorganisms that enter the body. An infectious disease may or may not be spread from one person to another person.
Condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection; characterized by redness heat, pain, and swelling.
An infection, such as a pimple or abscess, that is confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus
Material Safety Data Sheet
Abbreviated MSDS; information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety, including the names of hazardous ingredients, safe handeling and use procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of accidential harm or overexposure, and flammability warnings.
methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus
Abbreviated MRSA; a type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments such as antibiotics.
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
A type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon.
Also known as reusable; items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more than one person, even if the item is accidentally exposed to blood or body fluid.
A microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water in small numbers.
Immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living
Harmless microorganisms that may perform useful functions and are safe to come in contact with since they do not cause disease or harm.
An item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids.
Illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certain products or ingredients.
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (referred to as the host), while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism. Parasites must have a host to survive.
Disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites.
Harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body
Disease produced by organisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites
personal protective equipment
Abbreviated PPE; protective clothing and devices designed to protect an individual from contact with bloodborne pathogens; examples include gloves, fluid-resistant lab coat, apron, or gown, goggles or eye shield, and face masks that cover the nose and mouth.
Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They are a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH, and can damage the skin and eyes
Made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings. Porous items are absorbent.
A fluid created by infection
quaternary ammonium compounds
Also known as quats; disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon.
A chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level.
A contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.
Also known as disposable; items that cannot be used more than once. These items cannot be properly cleaned so that all visible residue is removed, or they are damaged or contaminated by cleaning and disinfecting in exposure incident.
Common household bleach; an effective disinfectant for the salon
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme disease.
Abbreviated SP: precautions such as wearing personal protective equipment to prevent skin and mucous membrane where contact with a client's blood, body fluids, secretions, (except sweat), excretions, nonintact skin, and mucous membranes is likely. Workers must assume that all blood and body fluids are potential sources of infection, regardless of the perceived risk.
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils
The process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores.
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
Disease that affects the body as a whole, often due to under-functioning or over-functioning of interal glands or organs. This disease is carried through the blood stream or thr lymphatic system.
ringworm fungus of the foot or athlete's foot.
Also known as sun spots; a noncontagious fungal infection which is characterized by white or varicolored patches on the skin and is often found on arms and legs.
Various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms (bacteria and viruses).
Disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing.
Abbreviated UP: set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens.
Capable of destroying viruses
virus (plural: viruses)
A parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of biological organisms. A virus is capable of replication only through taking over the host cell's reproductive function.
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