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Ch. 5 - Concepts of Growth and Development
Terms in this set (37)
Adapting our current understandings to incorporate new information
Giving life to inanimate objects because they move, make noise, or have certain other qualities.
Interpreting one's new experience in terms of one's existing schemas
Characterized by children interacting in groups and participating in similar activities.
A strong emotional bond between people, that can begin in the newborn period.
The ability to consider only one aspect of a situation at a time.
Development that proceeds from the head downward through the body and toward the feet.
Separate conversations occur even though each person waits for the other to speak. Not responding to the other's content, but focusing on content from their own mind.
That matter is not changed when its form is altered.
Activity in which children actually play with one another. Playing a part in order to contribute to a unified whole.
Unconscious techniques that distort reality to guide actions and prevent painful challenges to the personality.
An increase in capability or function
Play in which children enact social roles
Emphasizes the presence of mutual interactions between the child and these various settings.
The realistic part of the person, which develops during infancy and searches for acceptable methods of meeting impulses.
An inability to see things from the perspective of another
Using unintelligible words with normal speech intonations as if truly communicating in words.
Words a young child can speak; usually less than the child is able to understand
An increase in physical size
The basic sexual energy that is present at birth and drives the individual to seek pleasure.
The belief that events occur because of thoughts or wishes
Permanent changes in the fetus's genetic material.
The genetic or hereditary capability of an individual
The effects of the environment on a person's performance.
The knowledge that something continues to exist even when out of sight
Two toddlers playing with similar objects side by side. Assists them to develop social skills.
What families and individuals have to provide strength and assistance in dealing with crises.
Development that proceeds from the center of the body outward to the extremities
Ability to understand what is spoken
The ability to function with healthy responses, even with significant stress and adversity.
What families an individuals have that promote or contribute to their challenges.
The expectation that someone can produce a desired outcome.
Playing by themselves. Common for infants.
The moral and ethical system, which develops in childhood and contains a set of values and a conscience.
Abnormal development of the fetus
Drawing conclusions from one general fact to another.
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