AP Human Geography Unit 3 Part 1
Terms in this set (51)
process of adopting just advantageous customs
process of less dominant cultures losing themselves to a more dominant culture
common adaptation in a majority to all of a culture
any core region of human culture that often houses main economic power and commonly a hearth for popular culture
the spread of outlying regions adjacent to cultural cores, with lesser economic ties and the primary step of pop culture diffusion
the study of human environmental relationships with a geographic perspective
one's belief in belonging to a group or certain cultural aspects
fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
the region(s) in which a cultural group or identity exists
the body of cultural beliefs, social forms, and material traits that constitute a groups of people's distinct traditions
any of three regions applicable to the spread of a cultural group or identity
(uniform) or homogenous region is an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics
(nodal region) area organized around a node or focal point. The characteristic chosen to define a functional region dominates at a central focus or node and diminishes in importance outward
(perceptual region) is a place that people believe exists as part of a cultural identity
the spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process. There are three ways: hierarchical, contagious, or stimulus
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
Study of how, why and at what rate new technology spreads throughout a culture
Diffusion of a process with negative side effects or "What works well in one region may not in another"
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
the unique way in which each culture uses its particular physical environment; those aspects of culture that serve to provide the necessities of life- food, clothing, shelter, and defense.
Anglo-American landscape characteristics
township and range patterns established by early settlers
The look of housing, effected by the available materials,the environment the house is in, and the popular culture of the time.
the part of the physical landscape that represent material culture; the buildings, roads, bridges, and similar structures large and small of the cultural landscape
culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
food that is tradtionally made by the common people of a region and forms part of their culture
houses that reflect cultural heritage, current fashion, functional needs, and the impact of environment. The form of each house is related in part to environmental as well as social conditions.
Songs belonging to the folk music of a group of people or area, has many versions which vary from region to region
unwritten stories, customs, sayings, and traditional beliefs of a culture; the study of these
The physical manifestations of human activities; includes tools ,campsites, art, and structures. The most durable aspects of culture
ideas, knowledge and beliefs that influence people's behavior
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
pattern of land division used in an area
traditional building styles of different cultures, religions, and places
a mother tongue that originates from contact between two languages
a variety of speech characterized by its own particular grammar or pronunciation, often associated with a particular geographical region
the family of languages that by 1000 BC were spoken throughout Europe and in parts of southwestern and southern Asia
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
Group of languages with a shared but fairly distant origin
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
a smaller group of related languages within a language family
a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
a variety of languages used in an area
Mono- can only speak one language fluently
Multi-can speak more than one language fluently
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
a simplified form of speech from combining different languages
the study of place names
a language used between native speakers of different languages to allow them to communicate so that they can trade with each other.