What is the difference between implicit and explicit meaning? (And how do these terms relate to onions, and ogres, and a movie such as Jaws or Juno?)
implicit meaning is the symbolistic meaning the meaning that's not right at the surface while the explicit meaning is purely what's happing.
What is "formal analysis" and how does formal analysis differ from other types of analyses that explore the relationship between culture and movies?
Formal analysis is an analysis of the film looking at every part of it.
What do we mean when we describe cinematic language as "invisible"? What are some of the reasons why cinematic language is invisible?
Cinematic language is language that references the culture and can be invisible to us because we are immersed in the culture.
What do we mean by cultural invisibility? How is it different from cinematic invisibility?
Cultural invisibility is just the techniques used to immerse people in the film
internal meaning implied
literal meaning definition
dissecting everything in a film
uninterrupted run of the camera
a direct change from one shot to another as a result where one shot ends and another begins
joining together of discrete shots
a shot that often shows a part of the body filling up the frame traditionally a face
FADE IN/FADE OUT
traditional devices in which a shot fades
Low Angle Shot
a shot that is made with the camera below the action places the observer in a position of inferiority
Cutting on Action
a continuity technique that smoothes transition between shots portraying a single action from different camera angles
the primary character who's pursuit of the goal provides the structure foundation of a movies story
a recurring visual or narrative element imparts meaning or significance
shared public idea
What is the difference between form and content? And why do works of art need both?
Content the subject and form the means of expression, works need both to put the art in perspective and give it a real story.
In what ways do movies use patterns to convey meaning? How do they create meaning by breaking an established pattern?
They use patterns to trick people into thinking the movie is going a certain way. Then switch it to make the movie go another way
What are the three fundamental principles of film form?
light, an illusion of movement, manipulating space and time
How do movies create an illusion of movement?
Persistence of vision and phi phenomena the phenomena's are where the human brain retains an image for a fraction of a second longer then the eye records it, the illusion of movement is created by events that succeed each other rapidly.
How do movies manipulate space?
The motion picture camera moving seamlessly from one space to another.
How do movies manipulate time?
Parallel action freeze frame and chronology.
What is the difference between realism and antirealism in a movie, and why is verisimilitude important to them both?
Realism is a concern for the real to see how things really are anti-realism is an interest for the abstract or fantastic, verisimilitude is import because it can achieve an convincing truth.
What is cinematic language?
The tools by which the subject is expressed and experienced
actual or real
convincing appearance of the truth
Persistence of Vision
the process by which the human brain retains an image for a fraction a second longer then the eye records it
the illusion of movement created by events that succeed each other rapidly as when two adjacent lights flash on and off alternatively and we seem to see a single light shifting back and forth makes movies seem continues
Critical Flicker Fusion
using a single light to flicker so fast the individual pulses of light fuse together to look like continues light.
it's a technique that creates different lines of action to appear to be occurring simultaneously.
What are the four basic approaches to documentary films?
Factual, instructional, persuasive, and propaganda
a. What are the six genres explored in your reading? Be familiar with the defining elements/conventions of each of these six genres. ("Six Major American Genres")