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Milady esthetics chapter 9: basics of nutrition
Terms in this set (33)
Abbreviated ATP: the substance that provides energy to cells and converts oxygen to carbon dioxide, a waste product we breathe out
Organic acids that form the building blocks of protein.
Clogging and hardening of the arteries
These water-soluble vitamins interact with other water-soluble vitamins and act as coenzymes (catalysts) by facilitating enzymatic reactions. B vitamins include niacin, riboflavin, thiamine, pyridoxine, folacin, biotin, cobalamine, and pantothenic acid.
Biologically active flavonoids; also called vitamin P, considered an aid to healthy skin and found most abundantly in citrus fruits.
A measure of heat units; measures food energy for the body.
Compounds that break down the basic chemical sugars and supply energy for the body.
A waxy substance found in your body that is needed to produce hormones, vitamin D, and bile; also important for protecting nerves and for the structure of cells.
Combinations of two incomplete foods; complementary proteins eaten together provide all the essential amino acids and make a complete protein.
Sugars made up of two simple sugars such as lactose and sucrose.
Catalysts that break down complex food molecules to utilize extracted energy.
Also known as lipids; macronutrients used to produce energy in the body; the materials in the sebaceous glands that lubricate the skin.
A vitamin has been added to a food product.
A water-binding substance between the fibers of the dermis.
A condition in which blood glucose or blood sugar drops too low; caused by either too much insulin or low food intake.
Omega-6, an essential fatty acid used to make important hormones; also part of the skin's lipid barrier
Nutrients that make up the largest part of the nutrition we take in; the three basic food groups: protein, carbohydrates, and fats.
Vitamins and substances that have no calories or nutritional value, yet are essential for body functions
Inorganic materials required for many reactions of the cells and body.
Carbohydrates made up of one basic sugar unit.
Carbohydrate-lipid complexes that are also good water-binders.
nonessential amino acids
Amino acids that can be synthesized by the body and do not have to be obtained from the diet.
omega-3 fatty acids
Alpha-linoleic acid: a type of "good" polyunsaturated fat that may decrease cardiovascular diseases. It is also an anti-inflammatory and beneficial for skin.
A thinning of bones, leaving them fragile and prone to fractures; caused by the reabsorption of calcium into the blood.
Carbohydrates that contain three or more simple carbohydrate molecules.
Chains of amino acid molecules used in all cell functions and body growth.
Also known as Retin-A; vitamin A derivative that has demonstrated an ability to alter collagen synthesis and is used to treat acne and visible signs of againg; side effects are irritation, photosensitivity, skin dryness, redness, and peeling.
Transretinoic acid, a derivative of Vitamin A used for collagen synthesis, hyperpigmentation, and for acne.
Also known as retinol; an antioxidant that aids in the functioning and repair of skin cells.
Also known as ascorbic acid; an antioxidant vitamin needed for proper repair of the skin and tissues; promotes the production of collagen in the skins dermal tissues; aids in and promotes the skins healing process.
Fat-soluble vitamin sometimes called the sunshine vitamin because the skin synthesizes vitamin D from cholesterol when exposed to sunlight. Essential for growth and development
Also known as tocopherol; primarily an antioxidant; helps protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun's rays.
Vitamin responsible for the synthesis of factors necessary for blood coagulation.
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