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Unit 5: Waves Vocabulary
Vocabulary on waves, sound, and the electromagnetic spectrum.
Terms in this set (18)
waves that transfer energy through matter
a form of energy that can travel through space
A wave that moves the medium in a direction perpendicular to the direction in which the wave travels.
A wave that moves the medium parallel to the direction in which the wave travels
the part of a longitudinal wave where the particles of the medium are close together
a part in a longitudinal wave where the particles are spread apart
the highest point of a wave
the lowest point of a wave
The distance between corresponding points on adjacent waves. In transverse waves, it's the distance between two adjacent wave crests
the maximum displacement of a medium from the rest position, measured from rest position to crest or from rest position to trough
The point where the particles of a medium stay when there are no disturbances. It's marked by a straight line half way between a wave's crest and trough
the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time (for example, per second)
the amount of time it takes one wavelength to pass a point
all of the frequencies or wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation
the action of a wave bouncing off of an object
The bending of a wave as it passes at an angle from one medium to another
the change in frequency of a wave as its source moves in relation to an observer
a sound's highness or lowness; depends on frequency.
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