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36- The weather
Terms in this set (40)
(of weather, conditions in a room, or parts of the body) cold:
The bathroom gets chilly in the winter.
I felt a bit chilly so I put on a jacket.
a chilly October day
(n) frost (count/uncountable)
a weather condition in which the air temperature falls below the freezing point of water, especially outside at night:
холод (исч/неисч), изморозь (неисчисляемое)
There was a frost last night.
There were a lot of hard/heavy (= severe) frosts that winter.
Look, the frost has made a beautiful pattern on the window.
There was a heavy frost last night and the ground is still hard.
(n) sleet (uncount)
wet, partly melted falling snow - мокрый снег
Driving snow and sleet brought more problems to the county's roads last night.
(n) slush (uncount)
snow that is lying on the ground and has started to melt - слякоть
The balance goes in a slush fund—to fix windshields of government cars that get smashed by trashcans—stuff like that.
a severe snow storm with strong winds:
We once got stuck in a blizzard for six hours.
Blizzard conditions made the main roads almost impassable.
a large pile of snow formed by the wind
Snowdrifts blow onto roads and train tracks.
Snowdrifts can be many meters high.
Strong winds make snowdrifts, large piles of snow that the wind forms.
It's freezing in here - can I close the window?
They survived for four hours in the freezing water.
After walking through the snow, my feet were freezing.
I had to wait for hours on the freezing cold station platform.
It's freezing cold today.
So Roger spent the night in a freezing garage, did he? That'll teach him to go out without his house keys!
Come in - you must be freezing out there!
I haven't got my coat and I'm freezing.
It was freezing as we walked home last night.
to (cause to) change from a solid, frozen state to a liquid or soft one, because of an increase in temperature:
Allow the meat to thaw completely before cooking it.
The sun came out and thawed the ice.
It's beginning to thaw (= the weather is warm enough for snow and ice to melt).
to turn from something solid into something soft or liquid, or to cause something to do this:
The snow usually melts by mid March.
Melt the chocolate slowly so that it doesn't burn.
The meat's beautifully cooked - it melts in your mouth (= is so pleasantly soft that you do not need to chew it).
When the sun came out, the ice began to melt.
The heat had melted the plastic tablecloth.
used to describe weather or air conditions in which it is difficult to breathe and it is uncomfortably warm:
Can I open the window? It's very close in here.
*warm and uncomfartable
extremely hot and unpleasant:
I can't bear this stifling humidity.
Several hundred people were crammed into the stifling room.
*hot, uncomfortable, you can hardly brethe.
When the weather is muggy, it is unpleasantly warm and the air contains a lot of water.
The Atlanta night was muggy and dark; a thin layer of smog trapped the city's light and made the sky glow an eerie yellow-orange.
*very warm and a little damp.
(adj) humid (ˈhjuːmɪd)
(of air and weather conditions) containing extremely small drops of water in the air - влажный и горячий, жаркий, сырой:
New York is very hot and humid in the summer.
a hot and humid climate
*hot and damp, makes you sweat in negative contexts.
Mild weather is not very cold or not as cold as usual:
We've had a mild winter this year.
*warm at a time when it is normally cold.
a scorching summer day
It was scorching hot inside the greenhouse.
*very hot, often used in positive contexts.
I wish I'd worn something cooler - I'm boiling.
We don't usually have such boiling hot weather.
*very hot, often used in negative contexts.
a period of time such as a few weeks when the weather is much hotter than usual
*very hot, dry period
slightly wet, especially in a way that is not pleasant or comfortable:
The grass is still damp.
This shirt still feels a bit damp.
It was a damp, misty morning.
The room was damp and smelly so we opened all the windows and gave it a good airing .
Put those damp clothes in the tumble dryer.
The hotel walls were covered in damp patches.
The house was dusty, damp and unwelcoming.
Left in the garage where it was damp, the wooden frame had warped.
rain in very small, light drops:
Tomorrow will be cloudy with outbreaks of rain and drizzle.
a lot of rain in a short time
At half-past one the steady downpour ceased, and only showers fell thereafter.
It was the rainy season when a clear sky is a rarity and a downpour of rain is a daily occurrence.
Rain fell the following fortnight in a steady downpour that did not cease, even for an hour.
The rain was still a steady downpour.
They were awakened sometime before daylight by a sudden heavy downpour of rain.
(v) pour down:
It was absolutely pouring down.
(adj) torrential rain:
used to refer to very heavy rain:
a torrential downpour/storm
a large amount of water covering an area that is usually dry:
After the flood it took weeks for the water level to go down.
The river is in flood (= water has flowed over its banks) again.
The roads often get flooded.
There are floods on the roads.
a short period of rain or snow:
showers of rain, hail and sleet
You're soaked! Did you get caught in the shower?
There will be thundery/wintry showers over many parts of the country.
Snow showers are expected at the end of the week.
I got caught in a shower on my way to the shops.
a storm with thunder and lightning and usually heavy rain
That evening, the first thing that the people of Greensburg saw was a thunderstorm coming closer.
a small, hard ball of ice that falls from the sky like rain
Hailstones were battering the roof of our car.
small, hard balls of ice that fall from the sky like rain
Hail and snow are causing treacherous driving conditions, and motorists are warned to drive slowly.
There was hail yesterday.
with clouds in the sky and therefore not bright and sunny:
The sky/weather was overcast.
a depressing, overcast winter morning
a long period when there is little or no rain:
This year (a) severe drought has ruined the crops.
thin fog produced by very small drops of water collecting in the air just above an area of ground or water:
The mountain villages seem to be permanently shrouded in mist.
The early-morning mist soon lifted/cleared.
a weather condition in which very small drops of water come together to form a thick cloud close to the land or seaocean, making it difficult to see:
Thick/Heavy/Dense fog has made driving conditions dangerous.
Mist, fog, and snow are common in this area.
It took several hours for the fog to lift.
The fog is expected to have cleared away by midday.
We could see a dim shape in the fog.
Freezing fog and icy patches are expected to cause problems for motorists tonight.
Outside the fields were blanketed in fog.
The fog swirled thickly around us.
something such as heat or smoke in the air that makes it less clear, so that it is difficult to see well:
The road through the desert shimmered in the haze.
I saw her through a haze of cigarette smoke.
Hazy air or weather is not clear, especially because of heat:
the hazy days of summer
If the weather is misty, there is mist in the air that makes it difficult to see into the distance:
The morning will start off misty.
It was a damp, misty morning.
He watched the misty wraiths of moisture making patterns on the window pane.
It stayed misty until late in the morning.
a cold, foggy day
a mixture of smoke, gases, and chemicals, especially in cities, that makes the atmosphere difficult to breathe and harmful for health:
Smog is a major problem in Athens.
As we flew into the airport, we could see a murky yellow smog hovering over the city.
a light and pleasant wind:
a warm/cool breeze
She let the gentle breeze cool her face.
with strong winds:
a blustery day
a very strong wind:
Hundreds of old trees were blown down in the gales.
This set is often in folders with...
Get 200 book 2 Phrasal verbs, p. 145
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