50 terms

Manhattan GMAT Verbal Foundations - Vocab 3

Gmat
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Terms in this set (...)

Guile
Clever deceit, cunning, craftiness.
The game of poker is all about guile, manipulating your own body language and patter to lead other players to erroneous conclusions about the cards you're holding.
Hallmark
A mark o f indication of quality, purity, genuineness, etc.; any distinguishing characteristic.
Fast-paced rhymes, an angry tenor, and personal attacks on celebrities are hallmarks of Eminem's music.
Hardly
Hardly can mean almost or probably not, or not at all. O f course, I can hardly see you means /can see you only a little bit. But in the following sentence, hardly means not:
The news could hardly have come at a worse time. (The meaning is The news came at the worst
possible time.)
Hearken or Hark
Listen, pay attention to. The expression hearken back or hark back means to turn back to something earlier or return to a source.
The simple lifestyle and anachronistic dress of the Amish hearken back to an earlier era.
The nation's first change of leadership in decades is causing the people to hearken closely to what is happening in government.
Hegemony
Domination, authority; influence by a one country over others socially, culturally, economically, etc.
The discovery o f oil by a previously poor nation disrupted the larger, richer nation's hegemony in the region—suddenly, the hegemon had a competitor.
Heterogeneous
Different in type, incongruous; composed of different types of elements.
Homogeneous (of the same kind) is the opposite of heterogeneous.
Rather than build the wall with plain brick, we used a heterogeneous mixture of stones—they are not only different colors, but a variety of sizes as well.
Host
A large amount. A host of problems means a lot of problems.
Hyperbole
Deliberate exaggeration for effect.
Oh, come on. Saying "That movie was so bad it made me puke" was surely hyperbole. I strongly doubt that you actually vomited during or following The Back-up Plan.
Iconoclast
Attacker of cherished beliefs or institutions.
A lifelong iconoclast, Ayn Rand wrote a controversial book entitled The Virtue of Selfishness.
Imminent
Ready to occur, impending.
In the face of imminent war, the nation looked to Franklin D. Roosevelt for reassurance.
Impair
Make worse, weaken.
Playing in a rock band without earplugs will almost certainly impair your hearing over time.
Impartial
Unbiased, fair. Disinterested\ dispassionate, and nonpartisan are all related to being fair and not having a bias or personal stake.
Judge Gonzales removed himself from the case because, having a personal connection to the school where the shooting took place, he did not think he could be appropriately impartial.
Impasse
Position or road from which there is no escape; deadlock, gridlock.
If the union wont budge on its demands and the transit authority wont raise salaries, then we are at an impasse.
Impede
Hold back, obstruct the progress of.
I didn't realize business school would be entirely group work—sadly, there's always at least one person in every group who impedes the group's progress more than helps it.
Impinge on
Trespass on, violate.
Civil liberties experts argued that a school systems regulating what its students do on Facebook outside of school is an impingement of their right to free speech.
Implode
Burst inward. Metaphorically, to collapse or break down.
The startup struggled for years before it simply imploded—the management team broke into factions, all the clients were scared off, and employees who hadn't been paid in weeks began taking the office computers home with them in retribution.
Impute
Credit, attribute; lay blame or responsibility for.
The ineffectual CEO was nevertheless a master of public relations—he made sure that all successes were imputed to him, and all o f the failures were imputed to others.
Inasmuch
Since, because. Usually inasmuch as.
Inasmuch as a whale is not a fish, it will not be covered in this biology course specifically about fish.
Incidentally
Not intentionally, accidentally. Incidentally can also mean by the way and is used to introduce information that is only slightly related. Incidentals can refer to expenses that are "on the side" (The company gives us $100 a day for meals and incidentals).
Inconsequential
Insignificant, unimportant. The sense here is that the thing is so small that it doesn't even have consequences.
Incorporate
Combine, unite; form a legal corporation; embody, give physical form to.
Local legend has it that ghosts can incorporate on one night of the year and walk among the living.
Indeterminate
Not fixed or determined, indefinite; vague.
The results of the drug trial were indeterminate; further trials will be needed to ascertain whether the drug can be released.
The lottery can have an indeterminate number of winners— the prize is simply divided among them.
Inert
Inactive; having little or no power to move.
All o f the missiles at the military museum are inert—they're not going blow up.
When she saw her fathers inert body on the floor, she thought the worst, but fortunately, he was just practicing very slow yoga.
Inexplicable
Not able to be explained.
Inextricably
In a way such that one cannot untangle or escape something. If you are inextricably tied to something (such as your family), then you have so many different obligations and deep relationships that you could never leave, disobey, etc.
Infer
Conclude from evidence or premises. Remember, on the GMAT, infer means draw a DEFINITELY TRUE conclusion. It does NOT mean "assume"!
Inform
Inspire, animate; give substance, essence, or context to; be the characteristic quality of. Of course, inform most commonly means "impart knowledge to"; thus, many students are confused when they see the word used in other ways on the GMAT.
Her work as an art historian is informed by a background in drama; where others see a static tableau, she sees a protagonist, a conflict, a denouement.
Ingrained
Deep-rooted, forming part o f the very essence; worked into the fiber.
Religious observance had been ingrained in him since birth; he could not remember a time when he didn't pray five times a day.
Inherent
Existing as a permanent, essential quality; intrinsic. (See the similar intrinsic in this list.)
New research seems to support the idea that humans have an inherent sense of justice—even babies become upset at puppet shows depicting unfairness.
Inordinate
Excessive, not within proper limits, unrestrained.
Students taking practice computer-adaptive tests at home often take an inordinate number of breaks— remember, on the real thing, you cant stop just because you're tired or hungry.
Instrumental
Serving as a means of doing something. Just as you might call a weapon an instrument of war, saying He was instrumental in the restructuring has the sense that the person was used as an
instrument of getting something done.
Insular
Pertaining to an island; detached, standing alone; narrow-minded (like the stereotype of people from small towns or places).
The young actress couldn't wait to escape the insularity of her small town, where life revolved around high school football and Taco Bell was considered exotic international cuisine.
Interplay
Interaction, reciprocal relationship or influence.
Bilingual readers will enjoy the interplay of English and Spanish in many of the poems in this anthology of the work o f Mexican-American poets.
Intractable
Difficult to control, manage, or manipulate; hard to cure; stubborn.
That student is positively intractable! Last week, we talked about the importance of staying in your seat during the lesson—this week, she not only got up mid-class, but she actually scrambled
on top of a bookcase and refused to come down!
Back injuries often result in intractable pain; despite treatment, patients never feel fully cured.
Intrepid
Fearless, brave, enduring in the face of adversity.
Intrepid explorers Lewis and Clark led the first U.S. expedition to the West Coast, facing bitter winters and rough terrain.
Intrinsic
Belonging to the essential nature of a thing. (See the similar inherent in this list.)
Despite all this high-tech safety equipment, skydiving is an intrinsically dangerous proposition.
Communication is intrinsic to a healthy relationship.
Inundate
Flood, cover with water, overwhelm.
As the city was inundated with water, the mayor feared that many evacuees would have nowhere to go.
I can t go out—I am inundated with homework!
Investiture
Investing; formally giving someone a right or title.
The former dean had her academic robes dry cleaned in preparation for her investiture as university
president.
Involved
Complicated, intricate; confused or tangled.
The story is quite involved—are you sure you have time for it?
Isotope
Forms o f the same chemical element, but with different numbers o f neutrons in the nucleus
or different atomic weights. There are 275 isotopes of the 81 stable elements, plus 800 radioactive isotopes.
Different isotopes of the same element have almost identical properties.
Jettison
Discard, cast off; throw items overboard in order to lighten a ship in an emergency.
We got so tired while hiking the Appalachian Trail that we jettisoned some o f our fancy camping
supplies just so we could keep going.
Sadly, when school budgets are slashed, the first thing jettisoned is usually an art or music program.
Juncture
Critical point in time, such as a crisis or a time when a decision is necessary; a place where two things are joined together.
We are at a critical juncture in the history of this organization: either we can remain a nonprofit, or we can register as a political action committee and try to expand our influence.
The little canoe started to sink when it split at the juncture between the old wood and the new material used to repair it.
Juxtapose
Place side-by-side (either physically or in a metaphorical way, such as to make a comparison).
If a Reading Comprehension answer choice says something like, "Juxtapose two theories," ask yourself if the main purpose o f the entire passage was to compare two theories. (Hint: Probably not.
Usually if an author introduces two competing ideas, only one of them turns out to be the main point of the passage.)
Making a decision between two engagement rings from two different stores was difficult, he noted—it would be much easier if he could juxtapose them and compare them directly.
Kinetic
Pertaining to motion.
Marisa told her mother what she had learned in science class: a ball sitting on a table has potential energy, but a ball falling towards the ground has kinetic energy.
Latent
Potential; existing but not visible or active. A similar word is dormant.
Certain experts believe that some people have a genetic propensity for addiction; however, if such a person never comes into contact with drugs, the propensity for addiction can remain
latent for life.
Lateral
Sideways, related to or located at the side. A lateral move in a career is taking a new job at the same level.
Laypeople
Regular people, non-specialists.
The doctor s books were so successful because he was able to explain complicated medical concepts in colloquial language for the layperson.
Levy
Collect tax from or wage war on; act of collecting tax or amount owed, or the drafting of troops into military service.
When England levied yet another tax on the colonists, the colonists were pushed one further step towards levying war. Soon, the worried British began to levy troops.
Liberal
Favorable to progress or reform; believing in maximum possible individual freedom; tolerant, open-minded; generous. ("Liberal" in modern American politics isn't quite the same as the dictionary definition. For instance, liberal Democrats tend to favor social programs that require a larger government
to administer, while some conservatives say that liberalism means having the smallest government possible in order to maximize freedom.)
Split pea soup benefits from a liberal application of pepper.
Liberal reformers in Egypt pushed for freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and freedom of assembly.
Machination or machinations
It s cute to think that teen idols became famous because their talent was simply so great that the music industry reached out to them, but usually, any teen idol is the product of intense coaching and parental machinations.