World History Unit 5
Terms in this set (51)
How does Nationalism create tension between European nations?
competition for seeking to overpower another nation
How did imperialism create tension between European nations?
competition for territory
the process of glorifying military power and keeping any army prepared for war
How does militarism create tension between European nations?
competed for superiority; led to formation of large armies which scared the people. It also later led to military alliances
a military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years of preceding WWI
How did the Triple Alliance increase tensions among European nations?
It created an unstable alliance which had problems such as germany having enemies on both sides during war
a military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years proceeding WWI
How did the triple entente create tensions between the European nations?
It created 2 rival camps in Europe: the triple alliance & the triple entente. A dispute between the two could draw all the nations in Europe into war
Assassination in Sarajevo
a serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip, shot and killed Archduke Ferdinand and his wife, Sofia
How did the assassination in Sarajevo create tensions between the European nations?
Proved to be the first of WW1 and it sparked the war.
Why was Bismarck's first goal as chancellor of Germany to isolate France?
Bismarck saw France as the greatest threat to peace; he believed that France still wanted revenge for its defeat in the Franco-Prussian war
Kaiser Wilhelm II
The German ruler during WWI, who wanted to demonstrate German Power
Why did Kaiser Wilhelm II force Bismarck to resign?
Wilhelm didn't want to share power and he wanted to show the world how powerful he was
As the Ottoman Empire declined, what did Serbia wish to do? Why did Austria hungry fear Serbia's possible actions?
It hoped to absorb all the Slavs on the Belkan peninsula. Austria feared that efforts to create a Slavic state would stir rebellion among its Slavic population.
After Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina, why was there tension between Serbia and Austria-Hungry?
It dashed the Serbians' hopes of creating a large Serbian kingdom that would include most of the southern Slavs.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, who was assassinated in Bosnia in 1914, setting in motion World War I
What was "The Black Hand"?
a secret society committed to ridding Bosnia of Austrian Rule
In World War I, the nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary, along with other nations that fought on their side
In World War I, the nations of great Britain, France, and Russia, along with other nations that fought on their side
In World War I, the region of northern France where the forces of the "allies" & the "Central Powers" battled each other
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and move east to attack Russia
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield
In World War I, the region along the German-Russian border where the Russians & the Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and turks
What was "no man's land"? Why was it called that?
A strip of land between the trenches of opposing armies along the western front during World War I; unoccupied
What did Russia do in response to Austria declaring war on Serbia? How did it affect Germany?
In response to Austria's declaration of war, Russia, Serbia's ally, began moving its army toward Russian-Austrian border. Expecting Germany to join Austria, Russia also mobilized along to German border. Germany declared war
What led to much of Europe being locked in battle?
Germany declared war on Russia and France. Great Britain declared war on Germany, thus Europe was locked in Battle
Why was the battle of the Marne so significant?
The defeat of Germans left the Schleiffen plan in ruins. A quick victory in the west didn't seem possible.
Why could the "new tools of war" be considered a disappointment?
The new tools of war had not delivered the fast-moving war they had expected. All this new technology did, was kill greater numbers of people more effectively.
Why was Russia's involvement in the war so important to the other Allies?
Russia's involvement forces the Germans to fight on two fronts in Europe, which lessened the pressure on France
A narrow sea strait that was the gateway to the Ottoman capital, Constantinople
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
The use of submarines to sink without warning any ship found in an enemy's waters
A British passenger ship sunk by German U-boat, or submarine; 1,198 people died, including 128 US citizens
a conflict in which participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
The limiting of the amounts of goods people can buy — often imposed by governments during wartime, when goods are in short supply
Information or material spread to advance a cause or to damage an opponent's cause
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
treaty that ended the war between Germany & Russia
An agreement to stop fighting
What was the purpose of the Gallipoli campaign?
The Allies believed that if they could secure the Dardenelles, the had the gateway to the Ottoman Empire, Constantinople
Germany's foreign secretary who sent a note to Mexican officials, stating that they would help them "recounquer" Mexican land lost to the US, if Mexico would ally with Germany in WWI
Why did the US enter the war on the side of the allies?
The germans kept practicing submarine warfare on American ships & bc of the Zimmerman note
What was the significance of the second battle of the Marne
It was the last major German offensive on the western front furing WWI
What events signaled the final defeat of the central powers?
- Nov. 1918 (WWI ends)
- germany and france signed an armistice
- germany became a republic
- treaty of Brest-Litovsk
president of the US during WWI; he was part of the Big Four, a group who made most of the decisions during the Paris Peace Conference
leader of France during WWI; was part of the Big Four during the Paris Peace conference; wanted to punish Germany for the war
a series of proposals, drawn up by President Wilson, which outlined a plan for achieving a just and lasting peace
the freedom of a people to decide under what form of government they wish to live
Treaty of Versailles
a peace treaty signed by Germany & the allied powers after World War I
League of Nations
an international association formed after WWI with the goal of keeping peace among the nations
What was the outcome of the Treaty of Versailles?
WWI officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. The treaty punished Germany; the defeated nation lost substantial territory and had severe restrictions placed on its military operations.
The Goals of the Fourteen Points
First Four Points: included an end to secret treaties, freedom of the seas, free trade, and an end to secret treaties
Fifth Goal: the adjustment of colonial claims with fairness towards colonial peoples
6-13: specific suggestions for changing borders and creating new nations
Fourteenth Point: proposed a "general association of nations" that would protect "great and small states alike"
what feelings did the Versailles treaty, and the four other treaties negotiated by the Allies, create?
created feelings of bitterness and betrayal, both among the victros and the defeated b