32 terms

Chapter 10 Longman Academic Reading 3

STUDY
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Terms in this set (...)

assessment
n. an opinion or a judgement about somebody/something that has been thought about very carefully
bond
n. in legal contexts: money that somebody agrees to pay if a person accused of a crime does not appear at their trial. When the bond has been arranged, the accused person is allowed to go free until the trial.
burglary
n. the act of illegally entering a building in order to steal things
counterfeiting
n. making something to look like an exact copy of something else in order to trick people
homicide
n. (formal) the crime of killing somebody deliberately; murder
incarceration
n. being in prison or in another place that you can't escape from
inmate
n. a person who is kept in a prison or mental hospital
likelihood
n. the chance of something happening; how likely something is to happen
norm
n. a situation or a pattern of behaviour that is usual or expected
offender
n. a person who commits a crime; someone or something that does something harmful or wrong
recidivism
n. the act or habit of continuing to commit crimes, and seeming unable to stop, even after being punished
rehabilitation
n. the process of helping somebody to have a normal, useful life again after they have been very ill/sick or in prison for a long time
solidarity
n. a feeling of unity between people who have the same interests, goals, etc.
stability
n. being steady and not changing or being disturbed in any way
volunteer
n. a person who does a job without being paid for it
counter
v. to do something in defense or in response to something
deny
v. to say that something is not true; also, to refuse to admit to something
enhance
v. to increase or further improve the good quality, value or status of somebody or something
evaluate
v. to form an opinion of the amount, value or quality of something after thinking about it carefully
internalize
v. to make something, such as an idea or an attitude, an important part of the kind of person you are
label
v. to put a word or name on something to describe or identify it
skyrocket
v. to increase quickly to a very high level or amount
dramatic
adj. sudden, very great and often surprising (referring to a change or event)
needy
adj. not having enough money, food, clothes, etc.
renewed
adj. happening again with increased interest or strength
responsive
adj. reacting in a desired or positive way; also, quick to react or respond
transnational
adj. operating in or involving more than one country
ubiquitous
adj. seeming to be everywhere or in several places at the same time; very common
correctional institution
n. phrase: a prison or jail
developed countries
n.phrase: countries that have many industries and a complex economic system
developing countries
n.phrase: countries that have few industries and many poor people who are unable to buy the things they need
social bonds
n.phrase: things (like culture, interests, or experiences) that are shared between people or groups and form a connection between them