28 terms

7th grade Renaissance & Reformation

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Renaissance
a period of rebirth of learning between 1300-1600
fields of interest of learning in Renaissance
art, music, science, classical Greek and Roman
Leonardo da Vinci
artist who created the famous painting, The Mona Lisa
Michealangelo
famous painter and sculptor who painted the ceiling of the Sistene Chapel in the Vatican and statue of David
Vatican
the headquarters of the Roman Catholic church in Rome, Italy
Martin Luther
German monk who made a list of 95 complaints against the Roman Catholic Church posted on the door of his church
Reformation
an effort to reform or improve the Catholic church which led to new denominations of Christianity
Luther's beliefs
don't need a pope, the Bible should be translated, people are saved by grace through faith, not by works
Protestant
churches that grew out of protests against the Roman Catholic church
Age of Exploration
1400-1600 when Europeans sailed across the oceans to explore
Ways the Age of Exploration changed history
discovered new continents, settled new lands, slave trade
Reasons the Europeans began to explore
curious, trade, technology
technological advances in the Age of Exploration
compass, better maps
Spain & Portugal
countries that led the race to discover a water route to Asia
King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella
funded Chritopher Columbus's voyage
Nina, Pinta, & Santa Maria
Columbus's 3 ships
Indians
Columbus thought he had reached the West Indies in Asia
Northwest passage
all water trade route to Asia
Ferdinand Megellan
set sail to circumnavigate the world
circumnavigate
sail around
absolute monarch
a royal ruler with complete authority over the government and the people
Palace of Versailles
huge palace belonging to King Louis XVI of France
Elizabethan Age
time period covering the rule of Queen Elizabeth I of England
Spanish Inquisition
court established by King Ferdinand and Queen Elizabeth of Spain to execute people who did not obey the Roman Catholic church
Louis XIV
France
Elizabeth I
England
Ferdinand & Isabella
Spain
{Peter the Great
Russia