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Education Reform

1830ish. Followed temperance movement and set up public schools and minimum requirements. Horace Mann was main component in movement.

Temperance Movement

a campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages

Popular Sovereignty

The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government

Frederick Douglass

former slave + abolitionist, stood up for his beliefs, fought for womens + blacks rights, runaway slave, newspaper-the north star

Cotton Gin

a machine invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 that speeded up the processing of cotton

Limited Government

basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away

Assembly Line

Production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott


a movement to end slavery

Trail of Tears

The tragic journey of the cherokee people from their home land to indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of cherokees died.

Indian Removal Act

passed in 1830 by Congress; it called for the government to negotiate treaties that would require the Native Americans to relocate West.

Women's Rights Movement

giving women the right to vote-seneca falls convention


Invented by Robert Fulton and made river travel quicker


a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments

Abraham Lincoln

U.S. statesmen, 16th president. Led Union to victory in Civil War. Assassinated. Sometimes called "Honest Abe".


a form of government in which people elect representatives to create and enforce laws

Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America

Checks and Balances

A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power

Seperation of Powers

dividing the powers of government among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches

Robert E. Lee

Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force

Ulysses S. Grant

Union military commander who won victories when others had failed and defeated Lee


a preference that prevents one from being impartial; prejudice


the development of industry on an extensive scale

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