23 terms

Staar Cards #2

Education Reform
1830ish. Followed temperance movement and set up public schools and minimum requirements. Horace Mann was main component in movement.
Temperance Movement
a campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages
Popular Sovereignty
The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government
Frederick Douglass
former slave + abolitionist, stood up for his beliefs, fought for womens + blacks rights, runaway slave, newspaper-the north star
Cotton Gin
a machine invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 that speeded up the processing of cotton
Limited Government
basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away
Assembly Line
Production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
A prominent advocate of women's rights, Stanton organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention with Lucretia Mott
a movement to end slavery
Trail of Tears
The tragic journey of the cherokee people from their home land to indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of cherokees died.
Indian Removal Act
passed in 1830 by Congress; it called for the government to negotiate treaties that would require the Native Americans to relocate West.
Women's Rights Movement
giving women the right to vote-seneca falls convention
Invented by Robert Fulton and made river travel quicker
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Abraham Lincoln
U.S. statesmen, 16th president. Led Union to victory in Civil War. Assassinated. Sometimes called "Honest Abe".
a form of government in which people elect representatives to create and enforce laws
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Checks and Balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
Seperation of Powers
dividing the powers of government among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches
Robert E. Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
Ulysses S. Grant
Union military commander who won victories when others had failed and defeated Lee
a preference that prevents one from being impartial; prejudice
the development of industry on an extensive scale