186 terms

Medical Terminology Chapter 12

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Glomerulus (Plural: Glomeruli)
Glomerul/o
(Latin word meaning little ball)
Kidney
Nephr/o, ren/o
Renal Pelvis
pyel/o
Urine
ur/o, urin/o
Bladder
cyst/o, vesic/o
Stone
lith/o
Opening
meat/o
Penis
balan/o
testicle
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o, testicul/o
Sperm
sperm/o, spermat/o, sperm/i
What is often an indicator of a STD for a male?
A male patient may have concerns with penile discharge (balanorrhea, urethrorrhea)
Anuria
an/ur/ia
lack of urination
cystalgia
cyst/algia
pain in the bladder
cystodynia
cysto/dynia
pain in the bladder
cystoplegia
cysto/plegia
bladder paralysis
dysuria
dys/ur/ia
painful urination
enuresis
(Greek for urinate)
involuntary urination
hematuria
hemat/ur/ia
bloody urination
incontinence
in/con/tinence
inability to control urination
Nephralgia
nephr/algia
pain in the kidney
nocturnal enuresis
nighttime involuntary urination
nocturia
noct/ur/ia
nighttime urination
oliguria
olig/ur/ia
low urine output
polydipsia
poly/dips/ia
excessive thirst
polyuria
poly/ur/ia
excessive urination
pyuria
py/ur/ia
pus in the urine
ureteralgia
ureter/algia
pain in the ureter
urethrorrhea
urethro/orrhea
discharge from the urethra
urocyanosis
uro/cyan/osis
blue urine
urodynia
uro/dynia
painful urination
balanorrhea
balano/rrhea
discharge from the penis
orchialgia
orchi/algia
testicle pain
orchichorea
orchi/chorea
involuntary jerking movement of testicles
orchidoptosis orchido/ptosis
downward displacement of a testicle
orchiodynia
orchio/dynia
testicle pain
priapism
(Greek minor fertility god named Priapus)
persistent and painful erection
albuminuria
albumin/ur/ia
protein in the urine
azotemia
azot/emia
excess nitrogen in the blood
azotorrhea
azoto/rrhea
excessive discharge of nitrogen
cystorrhexis
cysto/rrhexis
rupture of the bladder
dipsogenic
dipso/genic
creating thirst
glucosuria
glucos/ur/ia
sugar in the urine
glycosuria
glycos/ur/ia
sugar in the urine
hyperkalemia
hyper/kal/emia
excessive potassium in the blood
hyponatremia
hypo/natr/emia
low sodium in the blood
ketolysis
keto/lysis
breakdown of ketones in the urine
meatal stenosis
meat/al sten/osis
narrowing of the opening of the urethra
nephroptosis
nephro/ptosis
downward displacement of a kidney
nephrosis
nephr/osis
kidney condition
uremia
ur/emia
urine in the blood
ureterocele
uretero/cele
hernia of a ureter
ureterolithiasis
uretero/lith/iasis
presence of stones in a ureter
cystogram
cysto/gram
image of the bladder
cystography
cysto/graphy
process for recording/imaging the bladder
meatoscope
meato/scope
instrument for examining the opening of the urethra
nephrogram
nephro/gram
image of a kidney
nephrosonography
nephro/sono/graphy
procedure for imaging a kidney using sound waves
pyelogram
pyelo/gram
image of the renal pelvis
renal angiogram
ren/al angio/gram
image of a kidney blood vessel
renal angiogrpahy
ren/al angio/graphy
process of imagine a kidney blood vessel
retrograde pyelogram
retro/grade pyelo/gram
image of the renal pelvis produced by injecting a contrast dye from the bladder to the kidney
ureteroscopy
uretero/scopy
process of examining a ureter
voiding cystourethrogram
voiding cysto/urethro/gram
imaging procedure of the bladder and urethra produced during urination
diuresis
di/uresis
excessive urination
nephrologist
nephro/logist
specialist in the kidneys
nephrology
nephro/logy
study of the kidneys
urologist
uro/logist
specialist in the urinary tract
urology
uro/logy
study of the urinary tract
uropoiesis
uro/poiesis
formation of urine
uroxanthin
uro/xanthin
substance in urine that makes it yellow
voiding
another term for urination
anorchidism
an/orchid/ism
lack of a testicle
aspermia
a/sperm/ia
condition characterized by lack of sperm
azoospermia
a/zoo/sperm/ia
condition characterized by lack of living sperm
cryptorchidism
cypt/orchid/ism
hidden testicle
hydrocele
hydro/cele
fluid-filled mass in testicle
hypospadias
birth defect in which opening of the urethra is on the underside, instead of the end of the penis
oligospermia
oligo/sperm/ia
condition charactterized by low sperm production
phimosis
contraction of the foreskin of the penis, preventing from being retracted
prostatolith
prostato/lith
stone in the prostate
prostatomegaly
prostato/megaly
abnormal enlargement of the prostate
seminoma
semin/oma
type of testicular cancer arising form sperm-forming tissue
spermatocele
spermato/cele
hernia or distention of the epididymis caused by sperm cells
spermatolysis
speramto/lysis
destruction of sperm cells
Digital rectal exam (DRE)
digit/al rect/al exam
examination of the prostate using finger inserted into the rectum
transrectal ultrasonography
trans/rect/al ultra/sono/graphy
procedure using a probe inserted into the rectum using high-frequency sound waves to scan through the rectum to nearby tissue (most commonly, the prostate)
urethrogram
urethro/gram
image of the urethra
ejaculation
e/jacul/ation
emission of semen from the urethra
gonads
gon/ads
pair of organs used for sexual reproduction
spermatogenesis
spermato/genesis
creation of sperm
vas deferns
vas de/ferens
vessel carrying sperm from the testicles
cystitis
cyst/itis
inflammation of the bladder
cystocele
cysto/cele
hernia of the bladder
cystolith
cysto/lith
stone in bladder
cystoptosis
cysto/ptosis
downward displacement of the bladder
cystoureteritis
cysto/ureter/itis
inflammation of the bladder and ureter
cystourethrocele
cysto/urethro/cele
hernia of the bladder and urethra
glomerulonephroitis
glomerulo/nephro/itis
inflammation of the kidneys involving primarily the glomeruli
glomerulopathy
glomerulo/pathy
disease of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli
glomerulosclerosis
glomerulo/sclerosis
hardening of the glomeruli
hydronephrosis
hydro/nephr/osis
kidney condition caused by the obstruction of urine flow
hypernephroma
hyper/nephr/oma
another name for renal cell carcinoma
nephrolithiasis
nephro/lith/iasis
presence of stones inn the kidney
nephromegaly
nephro/megaly
abnormal enlargement of a kidney
nephropathy
nephro/pathy
any kidney disease
polycystic kidney disease
poly/cyst/ic kidney disease
disease characterized by the formation of many fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys
pyelitis
pyel/itis
inflammation of renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
pyelo/nephr/itis
inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis
pyeloureterectasia
pyelo/ureter/ectasia
dilation of the renal pelvis and ureter
renal cell carcinoma
ren/al cell carcin/oma
cancer of the kidneys
renal failure
kidney failure
renal ischemia
ren/al isch/emia
deficiency of blood in a kidney
vesicoureteral reflux
vesico/ureter/al re/flux
abnormal flow of urine from the bladder back into the ureters
benign prostate hyperplasia
noncancerous over development of the prostate, also known as enlarged prostate
epididymo-orchitis
epididymo/orch/itis
inflammation of the testicles and epididymis
gonorrhea
gono/rrhea
discharge from the gonads
orchiditis
orchid/itis
inflammations of the testicles
orchiepididymitis
orchi/epididym/itis
inflammation of the testicles and epididymis
orchiopathy
orchi/pathy
disease of the testicles
prostatitis
prostat/itis
inflammation of the prostate
prostatocystitis
prostato/cyst/itis
inflammation of the prostate and bladder
prostatovesiculitis
prostato/vesicul/itis
inflammation of the prostate and seminal vesicles
testicular carcinoma
testicul/ar carcin/oma
testicular cancer
varicocele
varico/cele
overexpansions of the blood vessels of the testicles, leading to a soft tumor
cystolithectomy
cysto/lith/ectomy
surgical removal of a stone in the bladder
cystectomy
surgical removal of the bladder
cystostomy
cysto/stomy
creation of an opening in the bladder
diuretic
di/uret/ic
agent that causes urination
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
extra/corpor/eal
breakdown of kidney stones using sound waves generated outside the body
fulguration
(Latin for lightning)
use of electric current to destroy tissue
heminephrectomy
hemi/nephr/ectomy
surgical removal of half a kidney
heminephroureterectomy
hmi/nephro/ureter/ectomy
surgical removal of half a kidney and a ureter
hemodialysis
hemo/dia/lysis
procedure for removing waste from the bloodstream
lithotripsy
litho/tripsy (wear down)
breakdown of a stone
meatoplasty
meato/plasty
surgical reconstruction of the opening of the urethra
meatorrhaphy
meato/rrhaphy
suture of the opening of the urethra
meatotomy
meato/tomy
incision into the opening oft he urethra
nephrocystanastomosis
nephro/cyst/ana/stom/osis
opening of a passageway between a kidney and the bladder
nephrolithotomy
nephro/litho/tomy
incision into a kidney to remove a stone
nephropexy
nephro/pexy
surgical fixation of a kidney
nephrorrhaphy
nephro/rrhaphy
suture of a kidney
nephrostomy
nephro/stomy
creation of an opening in a kidney
nephrotoxin
nephro/toxin
agent poisonous to the kidney
pyelolithotomy
pyelo/litho/tomy
incision into a renal pelvis to remove a stone
ureteroileostomy
uretero/ileo/stomy
creation of an opening between a ureter and the ileum
urostomy
uro/stomy
creation of an opening in the urinary tract, normally to divert urine flow away from a diseased bladder
balanoplasty
balano/plasty
surgical reconstruction of the penis
circumcision
circum/cision
surgical removal of the foreskin of the skin
epididymectomy
epididym/ectomy
surgical removal of the epididymis
epididymotomy
epididymo/tomy
incision into the epididymis
hydrocelectomy
hydro/cel/ectomy
surgical removal of a hydrocele
orchidectomy
orchid/ectomy
surgical removal of a testicle
orchidopexy
orchido/pexy
surgical fixation of a testicle
orchiectomy
orchi/ectomy
surgical removal of a testicle
prostatectomy
prostat/ectomy
surgical removal of the prostate
prostatolithotomy
prostato/litho/tomy
incision into the prostate to remove a stone
prostatovesiculectomy
prostato/vesicul/ectomy
surgical removal of the prostate and seminal vesicles
spermicide
spermi/cide
agent that kills sperm
spermolytic
spermo/lytic
agent that kills sperm
transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)
procedure of removing all or part of the prostate by the insertion of a resectoscope into the urethra
Vasectomy
vas/ectomy
surgical removal of the vas deferens
vasovasostomy
vaso/vaso/stomy
creation of an opening between to vessels. Technical term for a vasectomy reversal
vesiculectomy
vesicul/ectomy
surgical removal of the seminal vesicles
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
Bx
biopsy
cath
catheter
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
HD
hemodialysis
I&O
intake and output
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
IVU
intravenous urogram
KUB
kidneys, ureters, bladder
OAB
overactive bladder
PKD
polycystic kidney disease
RP
retrograde pyelogram
SUI
stress urinary incontinence
UA
urinalysis
UTI
urinary tract infection
VCUG
voiding cystourethrogram
VUR
vesicoureteral reflux
BPH
benign prostate hyperplasia
DRE
digital rectal exam
ED
erectile dysfunction
PSA
prostate specific antigen
STD/STI
sexually transmitted disease, sexually transmitted infection
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate