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CLEP English Literature Authors

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Samuel Richardson
English novelist, invented the epistolary novel, his major novels were Pamela (1740) and Clarissa (1747-48)
Henry Fielding
English novelist and a playwright, along with Samuel Richardson is considered a founder of the English novel. Major novels were Joseph Andrews (1742) and Tom Jones (1749)
Tobias Smollet
Scottish satirical novelist, best known for his picturesque novels. The adventures of Roderick Random (1748) and the Adventures of Peregrine Pickle (1751) and his epistolary novel The Expedition of Humphry Clinker (1771)
John Donne
English poet, leading English poet of the Metaphysical school, considered the greatest love poet in the English language
Edmund Spenser
English poet, whose long allegorical poem The Faerie Quenne is one of the greatest in the English language. It was written in Spenserian stanza
Christopher Marlowe
Elizabethan poet and Shakespeare's most important predecessor in English drama. Who is noted for his establishment of dramatic blank verse
*Wrote
William Shakespeare
English poet, dramatist, and actor.
John Milton
English poet, pamphleteer, and historian. Best known for Paradise Lost regarded as the greatest epic poem. Paradise Regained and Samson Agonistes advocated the abolition of the church and the execution of Charles I
Geoffrey Chaucer
English poet, The Canterbury Tales ranks as one of the greatest poetic works in English
Alexander Pope
English poet, and satirist of the English Augustan period, best known for his poems An Essay on Criticism (1711) The Rape of the Lock (1712-14) The Duncaid (1728) and an Essay on Man (1733-34). One of the most epigrammatic of all English Authors.
William Wordsworth
English poet whose Lyrical Ballads (1789) written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge helped launch the English romantic movement
Ben Jonson
English Stuart dramatist, lyric poet, and literary critic. Major plays are Every Man in his Humour (1598), Volpone (1605), Epicoene or The Silent Woman (1609), The Alchemist (1610), and Bartholomew Fair (1615)
Robert Herrick
English cleric and poet, revived the spirit of the ancient classic lyric. Best remembered for the line "Gather ye rosebuds while ye may" and he is counted among the Cavalier Poets
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
English lyrical peot, critic, and philosopher. His Lyrical Ballads, written with William Wordswoth, heralded the english romantic movement and his Biographia Literaria (1817) is the most significant work of general literary criticism produced in the English Romantic period
Samuel Johnson
English Critic, brographer, essayist, poet, and lexicographer, regarded as one of the greatest figures of 18th century life and letters.
John Keats
English romantic lyric poet who devoted his short life to the perfection of a poetry marked by vivid imagery, great sensuous appeal, and an attempt to express a philosophy through classical legend.
Mill
experienced and wrote about a personal crisis of faith
Thomas Carlyle
Scottish historian and essayist, whos major works include The French Revolution, 3 Vol. (1837), On Her-Worship, ad the Heroic in History (1841), and The History of Friedrich II of Prussia, Called Frederick ther Great, 6 Vol. (1858-65). Experienced and wrote about a peronal crisis of faith.
Alfred, Lord Tennyson
English Poet often regarded as the chief representative of the Vistorian age in poetry. He experienced and wrote about a personal crisis of faith.
Virginia Woolf
English wtiter whose novels, through their nonlinear approaches to narrative, exerted a major influend on the genre. Best known for Mrs. Dalloway (1925) and To the Lighthouse (1927). Woolf also wrote pioneering essays on artistic theory, literary history, women's writing, and the politics of power.
Doris Lessing
British writer whose novels and short stories are largely concerned with people involved in the social and political upheavals of the 20th century. Novels: In Persuit of the English (1960), Going Home (1957) Under my skin (1994), Walking in the Shade (1997), The Grass is Singing (1950) the series Children of Violence (1952-69), The Golden Notebook (1962), The Memoirs of a Survivor (1975)
George Orwell (Eric Arthur Blair)
English novelist, essayist, and critic famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949) - a profound anti-utopian novel.
Margaret Atwood
Canadian writer best known for her prose fiction and for her feminist perspective. Poetry collections: Double Persephone (1961), The Circle Game (1964, revised in 1966), amd The Animals in That Country (1968). Novels: The Handmaidens Tale (1985), The Blind Assassin (2000), The Edible Woman (1969), Surfacing (1972)
E. M. Forster
British novelist, essayist, and social and literary critic. His fame rests largely on his novels Howards End (1910), and A Passage to India (1924) and on a large body of critism
Percy Bysshe Shelley
English Romantic poet whose passionate search for personal love and social justice was gradually channeled from overt actions into poems. Poems: Ozymandias, Love's Philosophy, Good-Night, A Lament, Ode To The West Wind, Mutability, To The Men Of England, etc.
Daniel Defoe
English novelist, pamphleteer, and journalist, author of Robinson Crusoe (1719-22) and Moll Flanders (1722)
Jane Austen
English writer who first gave the novel its distinctly modern character through her treatment of ordinary people in everyday life. Novels: Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfiels Park (1814), Emma (1815), Persuasion and Northanger Abbey (1817).
Charles Dickens
English novelist, generally considered the greatest of the Victorian Era. Novels: A Christmas Carol, David Copperfield, Bleak House, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations and Our Mutual Friend
Matthew Gregory Lewis
English novelist and dramatist who became famous overnight after the sensational success of his Gothic novel The Monk (1796)
Mary Shelley
English romantic novelist best known as the author of Frankenstein.
Richard Aldington
English poet, novelist, critic, and biographer who wrote searingly and somtimes irascibly of what he considered to be hypocrisy in modern industrialized civilization. Novel: Death of a Hero (1929), All Men Are Enemies (1933), The Colonel's Daughter (1931), Life for Life's Sake (1941)
Poems: A Dream in the Luxembourge (1930), A Fool i' the Forest (1925) known for Imagism
Linton Kwesi Johnson
known for postcolonialism
William Blake
English poet. Author of exquisite lyrics in Songs of Innocence (1789) and Songs of Experience (1794), Visions of the Daughters of Albion (1793), The First Book of Urizen (1794), Milton (1804), Jerusalem (1804). Known for Romanticism
Sir Walter Scott
Scottish novelist, poet, historian, and biographer who is often considered the inventor and the greatest practitioner of the historical novel. Novels: The Chase, and William and Helen (1796) Poems: Ministrelsy of the Scottish Border, 3 vol. (1802-03), The Lay of the Last Minstrel (1805), Marmion (1808), The Lady of the Lake (1810), Rokeby (1813), The Lorde of the Isles (1815)
James Macpherson
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Robert Southey
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Robert Burns
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James Boswell
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William Makepeace Thackeray
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Matthew Arnold
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Joseph Conrad
Victorian English writer; The Heart of Darkness, Lord Jim, The Secret Sharer
Richard Sheridan
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George Eliot
(Mary Ann Evans) English writer - 19th c. - Middlemarch/Adam Bede
John Ruskin
Pre-Raphaelite
Theorist and art critic whose writings influenced the american arts and crafts movement.
Algernon Swinburne
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Oscar Wilde
Victorian English writer; Picture of Dorian Gray, The Importance of Being Ernest
William Hazlitt
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Siegfried Sassoon
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D. H. Lawrence
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W. H. Auden
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Ted Hughes
Contemporary and Post Modern
Who was the Poet Laureate of England from 1984 to 1988?
R. S. Thomas
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William Morris
Pre-Raphaelite
Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Pre-Raphaelite
The Blessed Damozel
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
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Alice Munro
Canadian
Edna O'Brian
Irish
Nadine Gordimer
South Africa
Katherine Mansfield
New Zealand
William Butler Yeats
centrally involved in the cause of Irish Nationalism
J. M. Synge
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Paul Muldoon
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Joan Lingard
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Seamus Heaney
Irish Modernist poet; The Forge, Punishment
Gerard Manley Hopkins
Poet, intense religious belief as well as a commitment to preserving the environment
A. E. Housman
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