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92 terms

vocab and spelling(brandi)

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a-, an-
without
ante-, pre-
before
circum-
around
dys-
abnormal, painful, difficult
endo-
within
hemi-, semi-
half
hyper-, poly-
above normal, excessive
hypo-, sub-
below normal, below, underneath, inferior
intra-
within
peri-
around
-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ia, -ic, -ory, -ous, -tic
pertaining to, condition(of)
-algia, -dynia
pain
-emia
blood
-itis
inflammation
-lysis,-lytic
destruction
-malacia
softening
-phage, -phagy, -phagia
to eat or digest
-ptosis
sagging or drooping
-rrhage, -rrhagia
heavy discharge
-rrhaphy
suturing
-rrhea
discharge, flowing
-rrhexis
rupture
-stomy
opening
-tomy
the process of cutting
-trophic, -trophy
nutrition
cyan/o
blue
singular: -nx
plural: -nges
singular: -um
plural: -a
onych/o
nail
xer/o
dry
cost/o
ribs
aden/o
gland
cardi/o
heart
thromb/o
clot
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat)
cholecytes/o
gallbladder
col/o, colon/o
(large) intestine, colon
cyst/o
bladder,sac
noct/o
night
neur/o
nerve
blephar/o
eyelid
-cusis
hearing
-ptosis
sagging or drooping
colp/o, vagin/o
vagina
mamm/o, mast/o
breast
men/o
month, menstruation
EEG
electroencephalogram
ascites
abnormal fluid
cholecystolithiasis
abnormal condition of gallbladder stone
dermatology
study of skin
dialysis
complete seperation; breakdown
femur
thigh bone
inversion
movement of the sole of the foot toward the medial plane
jaundic
yellowish discoloration of the sclera and skin due to the presence of bile pigments
phlebotomist
work specialized in obtaining blood samples
pneunemonitis
inflammation of the lungs
ventricle
one of the two lower chambers of the heart
acne vulgaris
skin condition characterized by inflammation of sebaceuos glands and producing pimples
adduction
to draw together toward the midline
alimentary canal
the intestinal tract, from esophagus to rectum
anatomical position
position of the human body upright, facing foward with the palms facing toward the front oh the body
atria
the upper chambers of the heart
chyme
mixture of partially digested food and digestive fluids
circumversion
rotation of an extremity on a circular motion
combining forms
the word root with a combining form vowel
diaphragm
the muscle of breathing that seperates the thoras fron the abdomen
dorsal
pertaining to the back
eversion
the movement of the sole of the foot away from the median plane
flex
bent
GI system
digestive tract, alimentary canal, system of organs within multi-cellular animals that takes food, digests it to extract energy and nutrients, expels remaining waste
histologist
a person engaged in the study of the microscopic structure of tissue
human organism
the collective higher individual resulting from the organization of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems
inferior
below, under
Integumentary system
the largest organ system by surface area; including skin, hair nails
Internal
the inner most pasrts of the body
leukocyte
a white blood cell
myocardium
the muscle layer of the heart
plural
the form of a term that indicates more than one
polyneuralgia
pain in the nerves
posterior
toward the rear or back or toward the caudal end
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney, pelvis and nephrons
singular
the form of a term that indicates the presence of only one
superficial
on the surface
superior vena cava
large but short vein that carries deoxygenated blood from the upper part of the heart's right atrium
tissue
a collection of similar cells and fibers forming a structure in the body
viscera
internal organs
word root
a component of a medical term that does not have a combining form vowel attached
dorsal cavity
is the back
midsagittal plane(medial)
vertically seperates the body into left and right
proxim/o
near
supine position
laying on back; face up