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14 terms

Fuggi Genetics vocabulary

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heterozygous
An organism with different alleles for one trait
purebred
Offspring of multiple generations that have the same trait
homozygous
An organism with identical alleles for one trait
alleles
Different forms of the same gene
trait
Every different form of a characteristic
recessive allele
One whose trait is always hidden when the dominant allele is present
phenotype
The physical appearance of an organism
fertilization
The process by which a new organism is created by joining of a sperm and an egg
genetics
The science of studying heredity
heredity
The passing of physical characteristics from parents to offspring
genotype
The genetic letter code of an organism
dominant allele
One whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present
gene
The factor that controls a trait
hybrid
An organism that has two different alleles for the same trait