17 terms

2017 Unit 4: AoS1 - Chapter 12: Human changes over time

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Palaeoanthropology
A branch of Anthropology that involved the study of fossil hominins, contributing to our knowledge of human evolution.
Foramen Magnum
A large opening at the base of the skull through which the brain connects to the spinal cord.
Homo
The genus of anthropoid mammals of which humans are the only living species; includes numerous extinct species and subspecies, such as neanderthals
Hominid
Member of the family Hominidae, which includes humans, chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans
Sexual Dimorphism
The distinctly different appearance shown in males and females in many animal species
Out of Africa (replacement) model
A model to explain the origins of modern humans
anthropocene
the modern geological era during which humans have dramatically affected the environment
archaeological
relating to the scientific study of human history or prehistory and their culture from the analysis of fossil remains and artifacts
archaic
ancient; old-fashioned
assimilation model
a model to explain the origins of present day humans. this model proposes that all living humans had an African origin and when they migrated out of Africa, there was occasional interbreeding with archaic humans that were already living in other parts of the world, resulting in hybrid populations
bipedal
the ability to walk upright on two legs
coexisted
existed at the same time and place
cultural evolution
cultural change over time via the transmission of information from generation to generation. the evolution of culture is influenced by the environment and new information from it
culture
the accumulation of knowledge passed on to the next generation by verbal, written or symbolic communication
foramen magnum
the hole in the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes.
gracile
slender thin build
hominid
member of the family homindae, which includes humans, chimpanzees, gorillas and orangutans