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114.1 Explain how Naval Meteorology and Oceanography supports the Information Dominance mission
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Terms in this set (28)
Commander (COMNAVMETOCCOM) is both the Type Commander and operational arm of the Naval Oceanography Program, is an Echelon III command reporting to the Commander, United States Fleet Forces Command (USFF/COMUSFLTFORCOM)

The Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations (CNMOC N3) is charged with the responsibility of maintaining operational oversight of all Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Echelon IV and subordinate commands

CNMOC aligns warfare directorates under four major Directors of Oceanography Operations (DOO) and are aligned to support Naval Oceanography Operations Command (NOOC) and is the service delivery portion of NAVMETOCCOM:
- Undersea Warfare: ASW & MIW
- Expeditionary Warfare: NSW, EXW, USMC
- Weather Services: AVN, MAR, FltOPS
- Positioning, Navigation, and Timing: NAV & PTA

NMOPDC is the training activity supporting NAVMETCCOM

Three Production Centers are FNMOC, NAVO, USNAVOBSY
1. supports long-range Naval Oceanography strategy for linking environmental data to timely and informed decision, a key aspect of decision superiority

2. focuses on the acquisition of environmental data, transformation of data and fusion with other data sources into information and knowledge, and providing knowledge for future Naval forces during the 2010-2020 timeframe

3. describes how the acquisition and analysis of environmental data and information from Navy, joint, interagency, and international sources allows for an accurate understanding of complex operational environments
The Data Layer (Tier 0): Consists of data collected while observing the atmosphere and the ocean using a vast range

The Environment Layer (Tier 1): Tier 0 data is analyzed, processed, and merged into databases and/or prediction systems or numerical models operated on High Performance Computer (HPC) systems to forecast the future state of the environment

The Performance Layer (Tier 2): The predicted environment is used in conjunction with information about the operational environment to predict how forces, sensors, weapons systems, and platforms will perform over time in a given operational situation

The Decision Layer (Tier 3): The situational awareness gained in Tier 2 is applied to specific situations to quantify risk and opportunity at strategic, operational, and tactical levels
NEP-Oc will serve as a single access point for all METOC web-accessible information o the NIPRNet and SIPRNet

Products/services site: Providing information about, and access to, METOC web products/services

Navy meteorologists and forecasters analyze current environmental conditions and use state-of-the-art computer models to forecast atmospheric and oceanographic phenomena impacting navy flight operations
The mission of METOC maritime support is to enable fleet safety and readiness through accurate and timely weather forecasts, warnings and recommendations

Support is provided by the Fleet Weather Centers, Norfolk and San Diego

Typhoon warning functions of the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), Pearl Harbor, HI
OTSR Route surveillance message: A weather advisory service for safety and damage avoidance, spanning long-range planning to enroute surveillance

ROUTE: Planning route issued upon request that consider ship's limits, operational constraints, currents, icebergs, time/fuel savings. Must be requested 72 hours prior to underway

DIVERT: Issued when conditions are forecast to exceed wind or seas limits as determined by supported unit

Special weather advisory: Issued for prolonged period of heavy weather in high-traffic areas of the AOR, 72+ hours in advance

WEAX: A tailored weather and sea state forecast along a unit's Points of Intended Movement (PIM), MODLOC, or OCONUS Port

OPAREA forecast: Produced once a day for major operating areas, the forecasts are transmitted via message traffic and posted to the NEP-Oc. The product includes a 24-hour forecast and 48-hour outlook
The mission of FLTOPS is to provide timely, comprehensive and tactically relevant METOC products and services in direct support of deploying Carrier Strike Groups (CSG), Expeditionary Strike Groups (ESG), and Amphibious Readiness Groups (ARG) Commanders, assigned units, staff and other U.S. and Joint or Coalition forces, as directed
Flight Weather Briefing (DD175-1): Required by OPNAVINST 3710.1(series), provides weather information for the departure point, route-of-flight, destination(s), and alternate destination(s)

Terminal Aerodrome Forecast (TAF): Issued in accordance with NAVMETOCCOMINST 3143.1(series), is a 24 hour forecast for each Naval Air Station which is periodically updated

Optimum Path Aircraft Routing System (OPARS): A set of computer programs that select optimum fuel efficiency routes for aircraft
Resource protection (RP) includes the monitoring and dissemination of weather products to ensure that installations receive notification of inclement weather, enabling informed decisions to protect Navy resources

FWC Norfolk: Naval Installations in Navy Reg Southeast, Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and Naval District Washington

FWC San Diego: Navy Northwest and Southwest

NOAC Yokosuka, Astugi, Pearl Harbor, and Sembach provide OCONUS RP support
Thunderstorm Watch (T2): Destructive winds accompanying thunderstorm within 25nm or expected within 6 hours

Thunderstorm Warning (T1): Destructive winds accompanying thunderstorms are within 10nm are expected within 1 hour

Severe Thunderstorm Watch (T2): Winds greater than 50kts, hail 1", within 25nm or 6 hours

Severe Thunderstorm Warning (T1): Winds greater than 50kts, hail 1", within 10nm or 1 hours

Small Craft Advisory: 18-33 kts

Gale Warning: 34-47 kts

Freezing Precipitation Advisory: Up to ¼" accumulation

Freezing Precipitation Warning: Greater than ¼" accumulation
Condition V (COR 5): Possible threat of destructive winds within 96 hours. Review hazardous and destructive weather Implementation plans, as established by local regulations

Condition IV (COR 4): Possible threat of destructive winds within 72 hours. Review hazardous and destructive weather Implementation plans, as established by local regulations

Condition III (COR 3): Possible threat of destructive winds within 48 hours. Take preliminary precautions

Condition II (COR 2): Destructive winds are anticipated within 24 hours. Take precautions that will permit establishment of an appropriate state of readiness on short notice

Condition I (COR 1): Destructive winds are anticipated within 12 hours. Final precautions as prescribed