28 terms


114.1 Explain how Naval Meteorology and Oceanography supports the Information Dominance mission
This corp will develop and deliver dominant information capabilities in support of U.S. Navy, Joint, and national warfighting requirements
114.2 Discuss the general mission of the Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command
The Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command provides METOC, Bathymetry and Hydrography (Bathy/Hydro), Precise Time and Astrometry (PTA), products and services that enable effective decision-making for operational safety, warfighting success by Naval and Joint forces, and security cooperation
114.3 Describe the NMOC organizational structure
Commander (COMNAVMETOCCOM) is both the Type Commander and operational arm of the Naval Oceanography Program, is an Echelon III command reporting to the Commander, United States Fleet Forces Command (USFF/COMUSFLTFORCOM)

The Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations (CNMOC N3) is charged with the responsibility of maintaining operational oversight of all Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Echelon IV and subordinate commands

CNMOC aligns warfare directorates under four major Directors of Oceanography Operations (DOO) and are aligned to support Naval Oceanography Operations Command (NOOC) and is the service delivery portion of NAVMETOCCOM:
- Undersea Warfare: ASW & MIW
- Expeditionary Warfare: NSW, EXW, USMC
- Weather Services: AVN, MAR, FltOPS
- Positioning, Navigation, and Timing: NAV & PTA

NMOPDC is the training activity supporting NAVMETCCOM

Three Production Centers are FNMOC, NAVO, USNAVOBSY
114.4 Define Battle Space on Demand (BOND) WRT decision superiority
1. supports long-range Naval Oceanography strategy for linking environmental data to timely and informed decision, a key aspect of decision superiority

2. focuses on the acquisition of environmental data, transformation of data and fusion with other data sources into information and knowledge, and providing knowledge for future Naval forces during the 2010-2020 timeframe

3. describes how the acquisition and analysis of environmental data and information from Navy, joint, interagency, and international sources allows for an accurate understanding of complex operational environments
114.5 Discuss the tiers of Battle Space on Demand
The Data Layer (Tier 0): Consists of data collected while observing the atmosphere and the ocean using a vast range

The Environment Layer (Tier 1): Tier 0 data is analyzed, processed, and merged into databases and/or prediction systems or numerical models operated on High Performance Computer (HPC) systems to forecast the future state of the environment

The Performance Layer (Tier 2): The predicted environment is used in conjunction with information about the operational environment to predict how forces, sensors, weapons systems, and platforms will perform over time in a given operational situation

The Decision Layer (Tier 3): The situational awareness gained in Tier 2 is applied to specific situations to quantify risk and opportunity at strategic, operational, and tactical levels
114.6 Define the Navy Enterprise Portal (NEP-Oc)
NEP-Oc will serve as a single access point for all METOC web-accessible information o the NIPRNet and SIPRNet

Products/services site: Providing information about, and access to, METOC web products/services

Navy meteorologists and forecasters analyze current environmental conditions and use state-of-the-art computer models to forecast atmospheric and oceanographic phenomena impacting navy flight operations
114.7 Identify/discuss which NMOC commands provide "Maritime Support" and where those commands are located
The mission of METOC maritime support is to enable fleet safety and readiness through accurate and timely weather forecasts, warnings and recommendations

Support is provided by the Fleet Weather Centers, Norfolk and San Diego

Typhoon warning functions of the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), Pearl Harbor, HI
114.8 Discuss the following Maritime Support products
OTSR Route surveillance message: A weather advisory service for safety and damage avoidance, spanning long-range planning to enroute surveillance

ROUTE: Planning route issued upon request that consider ship's limits, operational constraints, currents, icebergs, time/fuel savings. Must be requested 72 hours prior to underway

DIVERT: Issued when conditions are forecast to exceed wind or seas limits as determined by supported unit

Special weather advisory: Issued for prolonged period of heavy weather in high-traffic areas of the AOR, 72+ hours in advance

WEAX: A tailored weather and sea state forecast along a unit's Points of Intended Movement (PIM), MODLOC, or OCONUS Port

OPAREA forecast: Produced once a day for major operating areas, the forecasts are transmitted via message traffic and posted to the NEP-Oc. The product includes a 24-hour forecast and 48-hour outlook
114.9 Define/discuss the mission of NMOC's "Fleet Operations"
The mission of FLTOPS is to provide timely, comprehensive and tactically relevant METOC products and services in direct support of deploying Carrier Strike Groups (CSG), Expeditionary Strike Groups (ESG), and Amphibious Readiness Groups (ARG) Commanders, assigned units, staff and other U.S. and Joint or Coalition forces, as directed
114.10 Identify/discuss which NMOC commands provide "Aviation Support" and where they're located
Aviation weather support is provided by Fleet Weather Centers in Norfolk, VA and San Diego, CA. FWC Norfolk has detachments located in Semback, Germany. FWC San Diego has aviation detachments located in Atsugi, Japan and Pearl Harbor, HI (Hickam AFB)
114.11 Discuss the following aviation support products
Flight Weather Briefing (DD175-1): Required by OPNAVINST 3710.1(series), provides weather information for the departure point, route-of-flight, destination(s), and alternate destination(s)

Terminal Aerodrome Forecast (TAF): Issued in accordance with NAVMETOCCOMINST 3143.1(series), is a 24 hour forecast for each Naval Air Station which is periodically updated

Optimum Path Aircraft Routing System (OPARS): A set of computer programs that select optimum fuel efficiency routes for aircraft
114.12 Define/discuss Resource Protection WRT Navy METOC and identify the area of responsibility for the appropriate NMOC commands
Resource protection (RP) includes the monitoring and dissemination of weather products to ensure that installations receive notification of inclement weather, enabling informed decisions to protect Navy resources

FWC Norfolk: Naval Installations in Navy Reg Southeast, Midwest, Mid-Atlantic, and Naval District Washington

FWC San Diego: Navy Northwest and Southwest

NOAC Yokosuka, Astugi, Pearl Harbor, and Sembach provide OCONUS RP support
114.13 Define the following Resource Protection products
Thunderstorm Watch (T2): Destructive winds accompanying thunderstorm within 25nm or expected within 6 hours

Thunderstorm Warning (T1): Destructive winds accompanying thunderstorms are within 10nm are expected within 1 hour

Severe Thunderstorm Watch (T2): Winds greater than 50kts, hail 1", within 25nm or 6 hours

Severe Thunderstorm Warning (T1): Winds greater than 50kts, hail 1", within 10nm or 1 hours

Small Craft Advisory: 18-33 kts

Gale Warning: 34-47 kts

Freezing Precipitation Advisory: Up to ¼" accumulation

Freezing Precipitation Warning: Greater than ¼" accumulation
114.14 Discuss the following Tropical Cyclone Conditions of Readiness (COR) and who sets them
Condition V (COR 5): Possible threat of destructive winds within 96 hours. Review hazardous and destructive weather Implementation plans, as established by local regulations

Condition IV (COR 4): Possible threat of destructive winds within 72 hours. Review hazardous and destructive weather Implementation plans, as established by local regulations

Condition III (COR 3): Possible threat of destructive winds within 48 hours. Take preliminary precautions

Condition II (COR 2): Destructive winds are anticipated within 24 hours. Take precautions that will permit establishment of an appropriate state of readiness on short notice

Condition I (COR 1): Destructive winds are anticipated within 12 hours. Final precautions as prescribed
114.15 Define/discuss NMOC's Tsunami support
Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC) Pearl Harbor is responsible for providing tsunami information support to all DoD assets and will act as the Subject Matter Expert (SME) and operational liaison to NOAA for all Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command (NMOC)
114.16 Discuss NMOC's Tsunami support products
Tsunami Warning: Issued when a tsunami with significant widespread inundation if imminent or expected

Tsunami Advisory: Issued when the threat of a potential tsunami exist which may produce strong currents or waves dangerous to those in or near the water

Tsunami Watch: Is issued to alert emergency management officials and the public of an event which may later impact the watch area

Tsunami Information Statement: Issued to inform emergency management officials and the public that an earthquake has occurred, or that a tsunami warning, watch or advisory has been issued for another section of the ocean
114.17 Define/discuss NMOC's Precise Time and Astrometry (PTA) support
Provides the foundational data for positioning, navigation, and timing (PTA) operations

All PTA support and products are provided by the United States Naval Observatory (USNAVOBSY) located in Washington, DC

1. Tailored Safety of Navigation Hydrographic Products
2. Tailored Expeditionary Hydrographic Products
3. Beach Reports
114.18 Identify the various products and services NMOC provides for safety of navigation support
1. Bathymetric and Hydrographic data
2. Tailored Safety of Navigation Hydrographic Products
3. Tailored Expeditionary Hydrographic Products
4. Beach Reports
114.19 Define/discuss NMOC's oceanographic and hydrographic survey support
NMOC provides the preponderance of oceanographic and hydrographic survey capabilities for the Department of the Navy (DoN) and the Department of Defense (DoD)
114.20 Discuss the following standard hydrographic survey units
Multi-Purpose Oceanographic Survey Ships (TAG-S): High demand, low density assets managed under the Global Force Management program. They are configured to conduct open ocean collection of physical oceanographic properties, deep water bathymetry, or shallow water hydrography, and are capable of deploying gliders, drifting buoys and profiling floats that are capable of collecting oceanographic information

Airborne Coastal Survey (ACS): Utilizes an integrated Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR)/imaging system. The current system is installed in a King Air 200 (C-12 equivalent) aircraft and is capable of collecting hydrographic information in relatively clear, shallow waters as well as topographic data over land to produce seamless coastal charts and maps

Fleet Survey Team (FST): Primary collection platform is a fully outfitted, C-130-transportable, rigid hull inflatable boat (RHIB) equipped with a suite of hydrographic sensors. FST has additional suites of sensors that may be installed on a "boat of opportunity" to allow rapid collection, analysis and dissemination of shallow water bathymetric data

FST's expeditionary capability is focused on providing qualitative information to ensure safe ship-shore movement using its Expeditionary Survey Vehicles (ESV)
114.21 Define/discuss NMOC's Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) support
Environmental support for ISR is provided by Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF) capable units in NAVMETOCCOM like NAVO, FNMOC, NAVICE, NMFC/JTWC

-Analyzed Imagery
-Forecasts for ISR sensors
-Fused Products
114.22 Define/discuss NMOC's expeditionary warfare (EXW) support
Naval Oceanography provides support to expeditionary warfare via the unified capabilities of both forward deployed personnel and shore-based meteorology and oceanography production centers. This enables timely and relevant data and information to be incorporated into the decision-making process, resulting in a better understanding of the mission impacts

Organized to support 4 main warfighting forces: Naval Special Warfare Forces, Navy Expeditionary Combat Command Units, Amphibious Warfare Units, and Marine Air-Ground Task Forces
114.23 Define/discuss NMOC's Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) support
Tailored and regional ocean modeling to support ASW planning and tactical decision aids, general assessment of acoustic conditions, and more detailed analyses of acoustic variability and overall probability of detection across multiple sensors
114.24 Discuss ASW's operational support elements
ASW Reach Back Cell (ASW RBC): Centralized 24x7 support cell operated by NOAC SSC. Provides direct environmental support to any unit engaged in ASW

Naval Oceanography ASW Detachments (NOADs): Primarily collocated with Maritime Patrol and Reconnaissance Aircraft (MPRA) activities and provide support directly to those squadrons

Experts in ASW-related environmental analysis, forecasting, and planning. They deploy to provide direct support to ASW Commanders and staffs at the theater, strike group, DESRON, and MOCC levels
114.25 Discuss the following standard ASW Reach Back Cell support products
Tactical Oceanographic Assessment (TOA): An area assessment created by GIS, delivered in power-point, using MODAS derived parameters

Tactical Oceanographic Features Assessment (TOFA): Additional to the TOA created by NAVO depicting ocean features

The environment is divided up into grids, and then the computer models acoustic propagation based on Naval Coastal Oceanographic Model (NCOM) parameters (tonals, sensors, depths and bathymetry) for the selected grid points

Performance Surface Map (PSMAP): STDA to provide tactical recommendations based on acoustic conditions

Water Sampling Plan (WSP): Recommended plan for MPRA (Maritime Patrol and Recon Aircraft) water sampling flight usually delivered in 1-2 slide power-point with locations overlaid on bathymetry of OPAREA

Critical Factors Chart (CFC): A graphic (.gif) that includes a summary of critical factors overlaid in a single view

Critical Features Assessment (CFA): "Scene-setter" based upon climatological and other static databases
114.26 Define/discuss NMOC's Mine Warfare (MIW) and Mine Countermeasures (MCM) support
The Naval Oceanography Mine Warfare Center, located at Stennis Space Center, Mississippi, is the primary organization that provides operational capabilities to Mine Warfare and Mine Countermeasures forces worldwide.

It is comprised for 4 operational support elements
14.27 Discuss NOMWC's operational support elements
Unmanned Undersea Vehicle (UUV) Platoon: Responsible for operational test and evaluation of new UUV technology for both Surface Mine Countermeasures and Underwater Mine Countermeasures providing MCM baseline and tactical surveys for strategic and operational Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment (IPOE), and mine hunting capability to MCM commanders

MIW Reach Back Cell (MIW-RBC): Primary coordination node for the fleet MIW/MCM forces to request operational support from NOMWC and support from NAVMETCCOM production centers.
The MIW-RBC coordinates directly with Deputy Commander, Naval Mine and Anti-submarine Warfare Command and subordinate commands to provide all environmental data

MIW-RBC Surge Teams: Provide on scene support to MIW/MCM operating forces and deployed staffs. Surge teams consist of NOMWC and NAVO personnel with expertise in translating environmental knowledge into tactical advantage

NOMWC Embedded Components: Collocated with MCM forces in key forward and CONUS locations. They provide commanders and operational units with organic METOC expertise and act as "eyes-forward" to ensure optimized support from NOMWC‟s other support elements
114.28 Discuss the following standard NOMWC support products/services
Mine hunting and oceanographic surveys using UUVs in shallow and restricted waters. UUVs are ideal for port approaches, channels, harbors, sea walls and piers, oil platforms, and other enclosed areas. Post mission analysis (PMA) of the resultant sonar imagery for initial tactical contact calls. Re-acquisition (RI) missions on high-confidence contacts. Environmental analysis for doctrinal bottom type, water temp, salinity, underwater visibility, and currents, all of which can be provided as tactical overlays for battle space awareness and mission planning

MIW-RBC: IPOE overlays and planning data in GIS and Mine Warfare and Environmental Decision Aid Library (MEDAL) formats

Surge teams: includes, but is not limited to, analysis of side scan sonar imagery (doctrinal bottom type determination), battle space profiler (BSP) analysis, weather forecasting, and model analysis