17 terms

Computer Engineering I 105

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Advanced Host Controller Interface
A technical standard defined by Intel that specifies the operation of Serial ATA (SATA) host bus adapters on motherboards or expansion cards in a non-implementation-specific manner
Compatibility
A state in which two things are able to exist or occur together without problems or conflict
Plug-and-Play Standard
Allows for detection of devices without user intervention, a standard created by Windows
Pulse Width Modulation
A power saving technique used in many electronic devices
Unified Extensible Firmware Interface
A specification for a software program that connects a computer's firmware to its operating system
Encode
Takes analog source content and converts to a digital format
Home Theater Personal Computer
A PC that is designed to be small and quiet while performing high definition audio and video outputs.
Render
The process of generating an image from a model, a graphics card renders images and video in real time
Transcode
Conversion from one form of code to another, example a Windows Media file (.wmv) is converted to an MPEG file (.mp4)
Hybrid Drive
An HDD with solid state storage built into it for high speed caching
Intelligent Switching
A technology that is implemented uniquely by each vendor that allows the integrated and discrete graphics of a PC to work together, helps laptops to save power by switching to integrated graphics when the demand for graphics performance is low
Mini Serial Advanced Technology Attachment
A small form factor interface for connecting Solid State Drives (SSDs), uses the same connector as mini PCIe
Unibody
A laptop shell that is manufactured from a single piece of metal providing structural stability and other possible performance enhancements like heat dissipation
Boot Sequence
The list of devices that a PC searches through in order find a boot loader
Flash
The process through which an Electronically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM) or Flash NAND devices are cleared and then rewritten, usually built in
Overclocking
The process of setting an electronic device to operate at frequencies higher than originally intended
Trusted Platform Module
A specification for a secure microprocessor designed to integrated crypto keys into devices, often found on business PCs and laptops