OFL World History A Unit 5 review

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Militarism
A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war
Triple Alliance
A military alliance between Germany, Austria - Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding world war one
triple entente
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding world war one
Central powers
In world war one, the nations of Germany and Austria - Hungary, along with the other nations that fought on their side
Allies
In world war one, the nations of Great Britain, France, and Russia along with the other nations that fought on their side; also, the group of nations - including great Britain, the Soviet union, and the United States - that opposed the axis powers in world war two
Schlieffen Plan
Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War One, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move East to attack Russia
Trench Warfare
A form of Warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield
Unrestricted submarine warfare
The use of submarines to sink without warning any ship(including neutral ships & unarmed passenger lines) in an enemies water
Total war
A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort
Rationing
The limiting of amounts of goods people can buy- often imposed by governments during wartime, when goods are short in supply
Propaganda
Information of material spread to advance a cause or to damage an oppenent's cause
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
a peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire), that ended Russia's participation in World War I.
Self-Determination
The freedom of people to decide under what form of government they wish to live
Treaty of Versailles
The peace treaty signed by Germany and the allied powers after World War One
Explain how nationalism, imperialism, and militarism led to tension among European powers
Nationalism: it can cause intense competition among nations with each seeking to overpower the other. Imperialism: a stronger nation take over control or dominates a weaker country or territory. Militarism: having a large and strong standing army standing army made citizens feel patriotic.
What did Russia do in response to Austria declaring war on Serbia? How did it affect Germany?
Russia began involving it's army toward the Russian. Austrian boarder. It mobilized Russia along the German boarder; Germany declared war.
Describe the circumstances surrounding the United States entering the war.
The immediate cause of America's entry into World War One, in April 1917, was the German announcement of unrestricted submarine warfare, and the subsequent sinking of ships with Americans on board and the Zimmerman telegram to Mexico.
Describe the outcome of the Treaty of Versailles.
It established the League of Nations, whose purpose was to keep peace among countries. It punished Germany by restricting their military operations as well as losing some of their land. It placed responsibility on Germany for the war and Germans became bitter and angry.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
The German ruler during World War I, who wanted to demonstrate German power
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, who who was assassinated in Bosnia in 1914, setting in motion World War I
The Black Hand
A secret society committed to ridding Bosnian of Austrian rule
Dardanelles strait
The narrow sea strait that was the gateway to the Ottoman capital ,Constantinople
Arthur Zimmermann
Germany's foreign secretary who Sent a note to Mexican officials, stating that they would help them "reconquer" Mexican land loss to the US., If Mexico would Ally with Germany in World War I
Woodrow Wilson
President of the United States during World War I; he was part of the big four, a group who made most of the decisions during the Paris peace conference
Georges Clemenceau
Leader of France during World War I; was part of the big four during the Paris peace conference; wanted to punish Germany for the war
Fourteen points
A series of peace proposals, drawn up by President Wilson, which outlined a plan for achieving a just and lasting peace
Armistice
An agreement to stop fighting
Lusitania
A British passenger ship sunk by a German U-boat, or submarine; 1198 people died, including 128 US citizens