tonic function chords
subdominant/predominant function chords
dominant function chords
How does function change when a 7th is added?
V-I, V7-I; all chords in root position and tonic chord doubles the root in soprano
perfect authentic cadence (cases; conditions)
V-I, vii^o6-I, V7-I, vii^/o7-I; either chord inverted, tonic chord has 3 or 5 in soprano or leading tone substituting for V
imperfect authentic cadence (cases; conditions)
plagal cadence ("amen")
ends with V or V^7, commonly preceded by IV, ii, ii^6, vi
iv^6-V in harmonic minor
Phrygian half cadence
stronger pull to tonic (b/c of dominant function seventh chord)
effect of V7 in PAC
unresolved, typically used in the middle of a melody
half cadence characteristics
I (i), V (v), vi (VI)
the only three possible chords a cadence can end with
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.