Terms in this set (2000)

verb: heap (a substance) into a mass or mound: the rain banked the soil up behind the gate | snow was banked in humps at the roadside.
• [no object] rise or form into a mass or mound: purple clouds banked up over the hills.
• heap (a fire) with tightly packed fuel so that it burns slowly: she could have made a fire and banked it with dirt.

noun: noun
1 the land alongside or sloping down to a river or lake: willows lined the bank.
2 a slope, mass, or mound of a particular substance: a bank of clouds | a bank of snow.
• an elevation in the seabed or a riverbed; a mudbank or sandbank.
• a transverse slope given to a road, railroad, or sports track to enable vehicles or runners to maintain speed around a curve.
• the sideways tilt of an aircraft when turning in flight: flying with small amounts of bank.
3 a set or series of similar things, especially electrical or electronic devices, grouped together in rows: the DJ had big banks of lights and speakers on either side of his console.

noun: • a stock of something available for use when required: a blood bank | building a bank of test items is the responsibility of teachers.
• a site or receptacle where something may be stored: the computer's memory bank.

verb: deposit (money or valuables) in a bank: I banked the check.
• [no object] have an account at a particular bank: he did not bank with the old family banks.
• informal (especially of a competitor in a game or race) win or earn (a sum of money): he banked $100,000 for a hole-in-one.
• store (something, especially blood, tissue, or sperm) for future use: the sperm is banked or held in storage for the following spring.

bank on
base one's hopes or confidence on: they can bank on my winning 25 games next year.

break the bank
(in gambling) win more money than is held by the bank.
• [usually with negative] informal cost more than one can afford: Christmas need not break the bank.
1 wheat or any other cultivated cereal crop used as food.
• the seeds of cultivated cereals: [as modifier] : grain exports.
2 a single fruit or seed of a cereal: a few grains of corn.
• a small hard particle of a substance such as salt or sand: a grain of salt.
• the smallest possible quantity or amount of a quality: there wasn't a grain of truth in what he said.
• a discrete particle or crystal in a metal, igneous rock, etc., typically visible only when a surface is magnified.

4 the longitudinal arrangement or pattern of fibers in wood, paper, etc.: he scored along the grain of the table with the knife.
• roughness in texture of wood, stone, etc.; the arrangement and size of constituent particles: the lighter, finer grain of the wood is attractive.
• the rough or textured outer surface of leather, or of a similar artificial material.

verb [with object]
1 (usually be grained) give a rough surface or texture to: her fingers were grained with chalk dust.
• [no object] form into grains: if the sugar does grain up, add more water.
2 (usually as noun graining) paint (especially furniture or interior surfaces) in imitation of the grain of wood or marble: the art of graining and marbling.
3 remove hair from (a hide): (as adjective grained) : the boots were of best grained leather.

against the grain
contrary to the natural inclination or feeling of someone or something: it goes against the grain to tell outright lies.[from the fact that wood is easier to cut along the line of the grain.]
in grain
thorough, genuine, by nature, or downright; indelible
a part, share, or number considered in comparative relation to a whole: the proportion of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is rising.
• the relationship of one thing to another in terms of quantity, size, or number; the ratio: the proportion of exams to schoolwork | the bleach can be diluted with water in the proportion one part bleach to ten parts water.

• (proportions) dimensions; size: the room, despite its ample proportions, seemed too small for him.
• the correct, attractive, or ideal relationship in size or shape between one thing and another or between the parts of a whole: perceptions of color, form, harmony, and proportion.

verb [with object] formal
adjust or regulate (something) so that it has a particular or suitable relationship to something else: a life after death in which happiness can be proportioned to virtue

in proportion
according to a particular relationship in size, amount, or degree: each region was represented in proportion to its population.
• in comparison with; in relation to: the cuckoo's eggs are unusually small in proportion to its size.
• in the correct or appropriate relation to the size, shape, or position of other things: her figure was completely in proportion.
• correctly or realistically regarded in terms of relative importance or seriousness: the problem has to be kept in proportion.
out of proportion
in the wrong relation to the size, shape, or position of other things: the sculpture seemed out of proportion to its surroundings.
• greater or more serious than is necessary or appropriate: the award was out of all proportion to the alleged libel.
• wrongly or unrealistically regarded in terms of relative importance or seriousness.
sense of proportion
the ability to judge the relative importance or seriousness of things.