Terms in this set (2000)

verb: heap (a substance) into a mass or mound: the rain banked the soil up behind the gate | snow was banked in humps at the roadside.
• [no object] rise or form into a mass or mound: purple clouds banked up over the hills.
• heap (a fire) with tightly packed fuel so that it burns slowly: she could have made a fire and banked it with dirt.

noun: noun
1 the land alongside or sloping down to a river or lake: willows lined the bank.
2 a slope, mass, or mound of a particular substance: a bank of clouds | a bank of snow.
• an elevation in the seabed or a riverbed; a mudbank or sandbank.
• a transverse slope given to a road, railroad, or sports track to enable vehicles or runners to maintain speed around a curve.
• the sideways tilt of an aircraft when turning in flight: flying with small amounts of bank.
3 a set or series of similar things, especially electrical or electronic devices, grouped together in rows: the DJ had big banks of lights and speakers on either side of his console.

noun: • a stock of something available for use when required: a blood bank | building a bank of test items is the responsibility of teachers.
• a site or receptacle where something may be stored: the computer's memory bank.

verb: deposit (money or valuables) in a bank: I banked the check.
• [no object] have an account at a particular bank: he did not bank with the old family banks.
• informal (especially of a competitor in a game or race) win or earn (a sum of money): he banked $100,000 for a hole-in-one.
• store (something, especially blood, tissue, or sperm) for future use: the sperm is banked or held in storage for the following spring.

bank on
base one's hopes or confidence on: they can bank on my winning 25 games next year.

break the bank
(in gambling) win more money than is held by the bank.
• [usually with negative] informal cost more than one can afford: Christmas need not break the bank.
1 wheat or any other cultivated cereal crop used as food.
• the seeds of cultivated cereals: [as modifier] : grain exports.
2 a single fruit or seed of a cereal: a few grains of corn.
• a small hard particle of a substance such as salt or sand: a grain of salt.
• the smallest possible quantity or amount of a quality: there wasn't a grain of truth in what he said.
• a discrete particle or crystal in a metal, igneous rock, etc., typically visible only when a surface is magnified.

4 the longitudinal arrangement or pattern of fibers in wood, paper, etc.: he scored along the grain of the table with the knife.
• roughness in texture of wood, stone, etc.; the arrangement and size of constituent particles: the lighter, finer grain of the wood is attractive.
• the rough or textured outer surface of leather, or of a similar artificial material.

verb [with object]
1 (usually be grained) give a rough surface or texture to: her fingers were grained with chalk dust.
• [no object] form into grains: if the sugar does grain up, add more water.
2 (usually as noun graining) paint (especially furniture or interior surfaces) in imitation of the grain of wood or marble: the art of graining and marbling.
3 remove hair from (a hide): (as adjective grained) : the boots were of best grained leather.

against the grain
contrary to the natural inclination or feeling of someone or something: it goes against the grain to tell outright lies.[from the fact that wood is easier to cut along the line of the grain.]
in grain
thorough, genuine, by nature, or downright; indelible
a part, share, or number considered in comparative relation to a whole: the proportion of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is rising.
• the relationship of one thing to another in terms of quantity, size, or number; the ratio: the proportion of exams to schoolwork | the bleach can be diluted with water in the proportion one part bleach to ten parts water.

• (proportions) dimensions; size: the room, despite its ample proportions, seemed too small for him.
• the correct, attractive, or ideal relationship in size or shape between one thing and another or between the parts of a whole: perceptions of color, form, harmony, and proportion.

verb [with object] formal
adjust or regulate (something) so that it has a particular or suitable relationship to something else: a life after death in which happiness can be proportioned to virtue

in proportion
according to a particular relationship in size, amount, or degree: each region was represented in proportion to its population.
• in comparison with; in relation to: the cuckoo's eggs are unusually small in proportion to its size.
• in the correct or appropriate relation to the size, shape, or position of other things: her figure was completely in proportion.
• correctly or realistically regarded in terms of relative importance or seriousness: the problem has to be kept in proportion.
out of proportion
in the wrong relation to the size, shape, or position of other things: the sculpture seemed out of proportion to its surroundings.
• greater or more serious than is necessary or appropriate: the award was out of all proportion to the alleged libel.
• wrongly or unrealistically regarded in terms of relative importance or seriousness.
sense of proportion
the ability to judge the relative importance or seriousness of things.
verb (past and past participle cast |kast| )
1 [with object] throw (something) forcefully in a specified direction: lemmings cast themselves off the cliff | figurative : individuals who do not accept the norms are cast out from the group.
• throw (something) so as to cause it to spread over an area: the fishermen cast a large net around a school of tuna | figurative : he cast his net far and wide in search of evidence.
• direct (one's eyes or a look) at something: she cast down her eyes | [with two objects] : she cast him a desperate glance.

• register (a vote): residents turned out in record numbers to cast their votes.

[with object] cause (light or shadow) to appear on a surface: the moon cast a pale light over the cottages | figurative : running costs were already casting a shadow over the program.
• cause (uncertainty or disparagement) to be associated with something: journalists cast doubt on the government's version of events | I do not wish to cast aspersions on your honesty.

[with object] discard: the issue was cast from the list of concerns.
• shed (skin or horns) in the process of growth: the antlers are cast each year.

• arrange and present in a specified form or style: he issued statements cast in tones of reason.

cast someone off
exclude someone from a relationship.

cast about (or around)
search far and wide (physically or mentally): he is restlessly casting about for novelties.[from a hunting term meaning '(of a hound) go in all directions looking for game or a lost scent.']
cast aside
discard or reject: they cast aside the principles of their youth.
be cast away
be stranded after a shipwreck.