23 terms

Psych Lecture: Law and Order 1

McNaughton Rule
you are defined as insane if you don't know what you did was wrong (too strict?)
The Product Rule or Derham/New Hampshire test
Is the crime a product of mental illness
mens rea
guilty mind; what were your intentions? were you forced?
irresistable impulse
mental disorder that makes you do something; you would still act that way if a cop were standing there
distinguishing evil from mental illness
difference in intent
intentionally behaving or causing other to act in ways that demean, dehumanize, harm, or destroy innocent people
problems with defining mental disorder as "different from average"
too subjective
problems with defining mental disorder as "behavior that leads to distress, disability, or increased risk of death, pain, or loss of freedom
heroic people like Gandhi
ventromedial prefrontal cortex
important for social reasoning and decision making
somatic marker hypothesis
links perceptual representations with representations of their emotional and social significance
antisocial personality disorder
a failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors, deceitfulness, impulsiveness, reckless disregard for the sake of self and others, lack of remorse and "consistent irresponsibility"
Bandura Observational Learning Study
observing violence increases violent behavior
Helping puppy to learn by punishing his mistakes study
50% of male students shocked the puppy; 100% of female students shocked the puppy
Stanley Milgrim experiment
as the "teacher" increases shock, he dissents, but ultimately obeys authority
how many people go up to 140 volts in the Stanley Milgrim study?
the majority
masked power study
anonymity (having a hood over your head) increases how long you will hold on to the shock button and you will increase over time
steps to propagating evil and terror
1. ideology to justify means to ends 2. small first step, minor action 3. successfully increasing small action 4. seemingly "just authority" in charge 5. compassionate leader changes gradually to become an authoritarian monster 6. rules are vague, changing 7. situation re-labels actors and actions ("teacher helping," not "aggressor hurting") 8. provide social models of compliance 9. allow verbal dissent, but insist on behavioral compliance 10. anonymity 11. making exit difficult
Stanford Prison Study
the volunteers begin to play their roles (randomly assigned: guard or prisoner) without instruction
EVIL: personal
personal pathologies of guilty actors, character defects, sadistic personalities
EVIL: situational
good men and women corrupted by behavioral context, by powerful situational force
EVIL: systematic
evil barrel of prison with evil barrel of war--more broad extrinsic influences, political, strategic, economic, general context
Andrea Yeats was sane
did not act "crazy or possessed," carefully planned, relentlessly executed, maintained her composure, understood her actions, understood her crime would be condemned
Andrea Yeats was insane
very sick, post-partum depression, post-partum psychosis, taken off medication, lover her child, psychotic delusion that she was saving her children from the devil, infanticide laws