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mental disorder that makes you do something; you would still act that way if a cop were standing there
intentionally behaving or causing other to act in ways that demean, dehumanize, harm, or destroy innocent people
problems with defining mental disorder as "behavior that leads to distress, disability, or increased risk of death, pain, or loss of freedom
heroic people like Gandhi
somatic marker hypothesis
links perceptual representations with representations of their emotional and social significance
antisocial personality disorder
a failure to conform to social norms with respect to lawful behaviors, deceitfulness, impulsiveness, reckless disregard for the sake of self and others, lack of remorse and "consistent irresponsibility"
Helping puppy to learn by punishing his mistakes study
50% of male students shocked the puppy; 100% of female students shocked the puppy
Stanley Milgrim experiment
as the "teacher" increases shock, he dissents, but ultimately obeys authority
masked power study
anonymity (having a hood over your head) increases how long you will hold on to the shock button and you will increase over time
steps to propagating evil and terror
1. ideology to justify means to ends 2. small first step, minor action 3. successfully increasing small action 4. seemingly "just authority" in charge 5. compassionate leader changes gradually to become an authoritarian monster 6. rules are vague, changing 7. situation re-labels actors and actions ("teacher helping," not "aggressor hurting") 8. provide social models of compliance 9. allow verbal dissent, but insist on behavioral compliance 10. anonymity 11. making exit difficult
Stanford Prison Study
the volunteers begin to play their roles (randomly assigned: guard or prisoner) without instruction
evil barrel of prison with evil barrel of war--more broad extrinsic influences, political, strategic, economic, general context
Andrea Yeats was sane
did not act "crazy or possessed," carefully planned, relentlessly executed, maintained her composure, understood her actions, understood her crime would be condemned
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