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APHUG Ch. 12 Vocab
Terms in this set (27)
Industries that sell their product or service primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses.
Central Business District (CBD)
The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Central Place Theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlement serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel farther.
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside.
Clustered Rural Settlement
Rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surrounding the settlement.
Provide services to individual consumers, including retail and personal.
Dispersed Rural Settlement
Rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages. More efficient in MDCs.
Community's collection of basic industries.
Process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18th Century.
A modle that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach a service.
Market Area (or hinterland)
The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
Services that provide for the well being and personal improvement of individual consumers.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice the number of the 2nd largest city.
Primate City Rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second ranking settlement.
Services that primarily help people conduct business.
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens/businesses.
Range (of a service)
Maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/nth of the population of the largest settlement.
Services that provide goods for sale to consumers.
Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Permanent collection of building and its inhabitants.
Minimum number people needed to support the service.
Transportation and Information Services
Services that diffuse and distribute services.
Functional (Nodal) Region
Region define by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it.
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