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40 terms

BYU Gov Review #7

Review for the final exam. Lesson 7.
STUDY
PLAY
An unscientific poll open to anyone who wishes to participate is called a cross-sample poll.
True
False
False
The views and attitudes of citizens regarding all aspects of life in the United States are called public opinion.
True
False
True
Most Americans reflect the attitudes and opinions most common to their region and immediate culture.
True
False
True
Mass media has little effect on public opinion.
True
False
False
Issues that generate public opinion and attitudes seldom change.
True
False
False
Polling companies are more accurate today than in the past.
True
False
True
Editorials are designed to influence public opinion.
True
False
True
Television programs and movies don't influence public opinion.
True
False
False
Information designed to influence people to think in a particular way is called propaganda.
False
True
True
Public opinion is easily determined and analyzed.
True
False
False
Citizens who join together to influence the public and government to accept their ideas are called a
pressure group
mass media
propaganda group
protest referendum
pressure group
A person hired by a pressure group to influence government officials is called a
lobbyist
polltaker
propagandist
all of these
lobbyist
Which of the following is a pressure group?
the AFL/CIO
the Sierra Club
the National Association of Arab-Americans
all of these
all of these
Pressure groups and lobbyists may not
pay lawmakers for their vote
contribute money to lawmakers for private use
make unusually large donations to campaign funds
do any of these
do any of these
Freedom of speech and assembly, political system response, and the size of government have
encouraged the growth of pressure groups
prevented further development of pressure groups
discouraged the growth of pressure groups
had no effect on the formation of pressure groups
encouraged the growth of pressure groups
Politicians often welcome the support of pressure groups because they
give help and money to election campaigns
help keep members of Congress informed about the voters' wishes
help members of Congress draft new legislation
all of these
...
Which of the following is a true statement?
Pressure groups have a high degree of trust and respect.
Most states allow lobbyists to take legislators out to dinner and provide limited free services.
Pressure groups play no useful role or have no impact on the democratic process.
There were greater limitations on pressure groups in the past than there are today.
Most states allow lobbyists to take legislators out to dinner and provide limited free services.
Which of the following statements is not true?
As government has grown larger the number of pressure groups has decreased.
Pressure groups are active at all levels of government.
Pressure groups often succeed in getting legislation passed which benefits their members.
Most high-level government officials are required to disclose their personal financial records.
As government has grown larger the number of pressure groups has decreased.
A proposition is also known as a(n)
referendum
petition
initiative
recall
initiative
The removal of an unpopular public official from office by voters is called a(n)
referendum
petition
recall
initiative
recall
Referring a legislative measure to the voters for their approval or rejection is called a(n)
referendum
petition
recall
initiative
...
Legislation proposed by voters, supported by petition, and voted on by the public is called a(n)
referendum
petition
recall
initiative
...
Which of the following requires the greatest number of petition signatures to be brought to a vote?
initiative
referendum
poll
recall
...
Which of the following is needed to approve or reject amendments to a state's constitution
initiative
referendum
recall
all of these
...
A city bond proposal that must be approved by voters is an example of
a mandatory referendum
an optional referendum
a petition referendum
all of these
a mandatory referendum
Assume a law has been passed by a state legislature and will take effect in ninety days. A group of citizens hoping to bring the new law to a popular vote may initiate
a mandatory referendum
an optional referendum
a petition referendum
all of these
a petition referendum
Which of the following is a true statement?
The initiative process weakens popular sovereignty.
Initiatives simplify ballots.
The threat of an initiative can force a legislature to pass a law that would otherwise die.
All of these are true.
The threat of an initiative can force a legislature to pass a law that would otherwise die.
Which of the following is the last step in a successful initiative process?
voters casting their ballots for or against the initiative
promulgation
verification of signatures
petition circulation
promulgation
Besides voting you can take an active role in the political process by
participating with a pressure group or political party
expressing an informed opinion by writing to your elected officials
running for office
doing any or all of these
doing any or all of these
While not foolproof, today's opinion polls are more accurate than those of the past.
True
False
True
The greatest polling failure in U.S. history was the prediction of a Dewey victory over Truman in the 1948 election.
True
False
False
It takes considerable study and care to construct a survey that will be accurate and unbiased.
True
False
True
The presidential poll conducted by the Literary Digest in 1936 was very inaccurate because it sampled relatively few voters.
True
False
False
There are only a few hundred active interest groups in the United States today.
True
False
False
Today's senior citizens are a major and important pressure group in today's political system.
True
False
True
Which of the following would be the most accurate presidential election survey or poll?
a cross sampling of different-sized communities and cities in widely separated regions of the nation
an interview survey taken at a local mall
a cross sampling of several farming communities
a call-in poll conducted by a local radio station
a cross sampling of different-sized communities and cities in widely separated regions of the nation
Which of the following is an example of an interest or pressure group?
the local P.T.A.
MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Drivers)
neighbors gathered to discuss opposition to a proposed duplex development in the neighborhood
all of these
all of these
Which of the following could be considered a "conflict of interest"?
A state legislator who is a part owner of a small smelting plant votes for new legislation that will make air pollution laws and penalties more strict and severe.
A city council member and hotel owner works to provide local developers with the proper permits to build a new convention center near the city center.
A county commissioner and part owner of a local hardware store works with state and city officials to provide tax breaks and incentives so that a national hardware chain will build a new store nearby his own business.
A ranking leader of the Sierra Club wins the election to the United States Congress and immediately begins working to designate several new national parks and wilderness areas.
...
Pressure groups will always exist in the current form of government because
they have immense political power
they are able to "buy" votes
the First Amendment protects such activities
citizens are too apathetic to ban such groups and activities
the First Amendment protects such activities
Which of the following public officials would have the greatest likelihood of being removed from office by a recall vote?
a state governor
a member of the United States Congress
a city council member
a state supreme court justice
...