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Political Organization of Space
Terms in this set (32)
developed the Heartland Theory
This expression was popular in the 1840s. Many people believed that the U.S. was destined to secure territory from "sea to sea," from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. This rationale drove the acquisition of territory.
Median line principle
according to the UNCLOS, the EEZ for maritime countries located closer to each other than 200 miles is located halfway in between.
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
urban center disproportionately larger than the 2nd largest city; dominates the country's social, political, and economic activities
process of converting government enterprises into privately owned companies
Canadian territory that was given to the Inuit, in which they could live with autonomy, or the right to govern themselves.
reason or justification for existing
German geographer who discussed geopolitics and created the organic theory which postulated that a country, which is an aggregate of organisms (people), would itself function and behave like an organism ... to survive, a state requires nourishment - in the global context, this means territory - to gain political power.
The process of reassigning representation based on population after every census
a group (ofen ethnic) which identifies with a particular region of a state rather than with the state as a whole
bring together parts of a country under one government (ex: Germany)
A political term that refers to a country which is formally independent, but under heavy influence or control by another country.
refers to the social movements for a particular group of people to separate from the dominant political institution under which they suffer
Spatially, devolutionary events most often occur on the margins of the state.
third wave of democratization
the defeat of dictatorships in South America to Eastern Europe, to some parts in Africa.
Informal term denoting the main areas in which the EU has worked since the Maastricht Treaty. 1. the traditional involvement in trade and other economic matters 2. cooperation in justice and home affairs 3. the desire to create a Common Foreign and Security Policy which is the most visionary and controversial aspect of the EU today
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
Developed the Rimland Theory
an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs
term used to imply that a group, usually a minority ethnic group, is a nation but does does not have a State of its own (ex. Kurds, Palestinians)
right to vote
three or more countries agree to give up a degree of autonomy in order to pursue common goals. (ex. European Union)
A state's geographical shape, which can affect its spatial cohension and political viability.
A state that posses a roughly circular shape from which the geometric center is relatively equal in all directions. (ex. Poland)
A state that is not contiguous whole but rather separated parts.(ex. Indonesia)
A state with a long, narrow shape. (Example. Chile)
A state that completely surrounds another state. (Example: South Africa)
In political geography, a country's or more local community's sense of property and attachment toward its territory, as expressed by its determination to keep it inviolable and strongly defended.
UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea)
A code of maritime law approved by the United Nations in 1982 that authorizes, among other provisions, territorial waters extending 12 nautical miles (22km) from shore and 200-nautical-mile-wide (370-km-wide) exclusive economic zones.
Dec 1, 1991, a vote for independence in the Ukraine ( the most powerful republic)
A statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote).
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